There are four pieces of solid evidence that heliocentric theory is wrong (that I know of). The first one requires a bit of visualization but is very difficult to explain otherwise. Three others are 99.99% certain bordering on the ridiculous. You would literally have to make stuff up to try and counter them (and they have!). So without further ado, let’s begin.
Exhibit A – Where is the constant wind?
Exhibit B – Hovering, flying and falling
Exhibit C – Hardly any stellar parallax
Exhibit D – Scientific experiments
A denser solid object does not carry a less dense gas along with it when it moves. This is self-evident as it is the basis of aerodynamics as shown in the video below.
A moving solid object (100km/h car) leaves a gas (air) behind, creating a 100km/h wind in the perceived opposite direction of the moving car.
When the solid planes are more perpendicular, it will push gas (such as air) away from the solid object, such as a fan. The Earth, although a spinning squashed globe, would push a little air out into space due to its slight undulations but by and large it would be very aerodynamic, as this man spinning a basketball shows.
A very aerodynamic globe.
Heliocentric theory states that the Earth rotates at 1675km/h at the equator, 1049km/h in London, and 231km/h in Alert, northern Canada. This rotation would cause winds of almost equal speeds on the Earth’s surface… constantly.
The fastest wind speed known to man is a F5 Incredible tornado with wind speeds of 420-511 km/h. The tornado in Oklamohma in 1999 which killed 38 people and destroyed 8000 homes traveled at 486km/h; the devastation of which we can see below.
If 486km/h winds did this, what would 1675km/h do?
There is nowhere on Earth that has a constant wind speed of between 1675km/h and 231km/h. If there were, nobody living below Greenland could venture outside. We would be all living underground in caves.
Sometimes there are days of no wind, sometimes a mild breeze. The wind travels in all kinds of directions, sometimes changing by the second. Clouds move with the wind and can travel in any direction, but mostly go from West to East. This contradicts heliocentric theory as the Earth is supposed to rotate West to East, which would create winds going in the opposite direction East to West. Oops!
Another piece of self-evident incredulity. There’s more.
Even more obvious is the fact that the Earth does not rotate under hovering objects. A helicopter which hovers above the ground at ANY height from 1 meter all the way to its upper limit of around 8000 meters NEVER experiences the ground traveling 231km/h to 1675km/h West to East, or in any direction in fact.
Nope, the Earth is not moving.
Still not moving. Who’d a thunk it.
The same applies to those machines which traverse the sky, such as airplanes. The only differential between a one-way and return flight is changes in wind speed and direction.
the rotation of the Earth has no effect on the travel time of an aircraft… it is the headwinds and tailwinds that cause the change in travel times… a mere 65 mph wind is more than enough to cause a difference in travel time of five hours when you are traveling long distances!
Let’s check a flight along the equator just to be sure. Maldives to Singapore and back fits the bill. Singapore Airlines has two flights come up. Maldives to Singapore (West to East) takes 4 hours 45 minutes for both flights and Singapore to Maldives (East to West) takes 4 hours 30 minutes and 4 hours 25 minutes respectively.
Flying from Singapore to the Maldives would take about an hour (including take off and landing) if the Earth were rotating under the plane. Going the other way, it is worse as the plane can only fly half as fast as a rotating 1675km/h Earth and so you would have to continue flying all the way around the globe East to West just to get back to Singapore. This is an obvious fallacy.
Singapore to Maldives is a one-way trip with a rotating Earth.
So, we have gone from 8000m to 10,675m altitude and still the Earth does not move under our feet. If we go any higher there won’t be many air molecules left to be magically Velcroed to the solid Earth’s surface by a mystical and yet unknown force which there must be for heliocentric theory to exist. But let’s go higher anyway.
As mentioned in my first post on the mysterious disappearing stars at high altitude, amateurs can now send weather balloons up into the stratosphere as high as 36,000m. At these heights only about 1% of the air is left, but these few air molecules must also magically stick to the solid surface of the Earth. All these different densities and all somehow staying with the Earth.
Look at the time these balloons are in the air and the difference in distance between landing and take-off. Here’s the first one: Launched at 13:07:38, hit the ground at 16:04:40, highest altitude 29.78Km, distance from launch 108.4 Km! Launched in Maine, USA would give a rotating Earth speed of 1181km/h (45° latitude). That means the Earth should have moved 3500km under the balloon making it land in the middle of USA, but it did not. (The second example on that website page is even worse!)
Let’s go higher. Felix Baumgartner on his world record free-fall jump reached 38,969m altitude and spent 2 and a half hours ascending, 4:19 minutes falling to the ground, and 7 minutes parachuting the rest of the way down. His distance from launch:
So, the 1% of surface air density and all the other air densities on the way to the ground and Felix himself being obviously heavier than air all moved with the rotating Earth in tandem, by some magical mystical force unknown to man. At what height would Felix have experienced the Earth rotating below him? 50km? 70km? 100km? The heliocentric advocates will have to make up a magic number. Why not, it is all fantasy after all.
The stars revolve 360° in 24 hours in an anti-clockwise fashion around the north polar star in the northern hemisphere, and clockwise around the southern star in the southern hemisphere. Photographers take photos with very long shutter speeds to show this effect.
Rotating stars in the sky at night.
This, you may think, is a good case for a rotating Earth; but on it’s own it is also a good case for a geocentric one, as it demonstrates that either the Earth is moving or the heavens.
However, after 6 months, those EXACT same stars are at the EXACT same location, as can be seen with the naked eye, at which they had been 6 months previously. The annual change in the position of stars in the sky is called stellar parallax. You can demonstrate this lack of parallax by following this experiment devised by Samuel Rowbotham of Zetetic Astronomy.
Take two carefully-bored metallic tubes, not less than six feet in length, and place them one yard asunder, on the opposite sides of a wooden frame, or a solid block of wood or stone: so adjust them that their centres or axes of vision shall be perfectly parallel to each other. Now, direct them to the plane of some notable fixed star, a few seconds previous to its meridian time. Let an observer be stationed at each tube and the moment the star appears in the first tube let a loud knock or other signal be given, to be repeated by the observer at the second tube when he first sees the same star. A distinct period of time will elapse between the signals given. The signals will follow each other in very rapid succession, but still, the time between is sufficient to show that the same star is not visible at the same moment by two parallel lines of sight when only one yard asunder. A slight inclination of the second tube towards the first tube would be required for the star to be seen through both tubes at the same instant. Let the tubes remain in their position for six months; at the end of which time the same observation or experiment will produce the same results–the star will be visible at the same meridian time, without the slightest alteration being required in the direction of the tubes: from which it is concluded that if the Earth had moved one single yard in an orbit through space, there would at least be observed the slight inclination of the tube which the difference in position of one yard had previously required. But as no such difference in the direction of the tube is required, the conclusion is unavoidable, that in six months a given meridian upon the Earth’s surface does not move a single yard, and therefore, that the Earth has not the slightest degree of orbital motion.
Traditionally, stellar parallax has been notoriously difficult to measure with even the best of modern equipment.
The angles involved in these calculations are very small and thus difficult to measure. The nearest star to the Sun (and thus the star with the largest parallax), Proxima Centauri, has a parallax of 0.7687 ± 0.0003 arcsec.
There are 3,600 arcseconds in 1 degree, 180 of which cover the sky at night. No wonder we can’t see any movement with the naked eye. Even so, movement for only a tiny fraction of the stars can be measured at all even by modern equipment!
In 1989, the satellite Hipparcos was launched primarily for obtaining parallaxes and proper motions of nearby stars, increasing the reach of the method tenfold. Even so, Hipparcos is only able to measure parallax angles for stars up to about 1,600 light-years away, a little more than one percent of the diameter of the Milky Way Galaxy. The European Space Agency’s Gaia mission, due to launch in 2013, will be able to measure parallax angles to an accuracy of 10 microarcseconds, thus mapping nearby stars (and potentially planets) up to a distance of tens of thousands of light-years from Earth.
There are an estimated 100 to 200 billion galaxies in the universe (which is bunk, as there are no galaxies) each with up to 100 trillion stars! So being able to detect movement in 1% of the stars of our own galaxy is a miniscule amount. We also know about our space agencies’ weird and wonderful orbiting machines, so even this 1% is unlikely to be true.
This is a big problem for heliocentric theory which states that every 24 hours the Earth rotates on its axis at 1675km/h, revolving around the Sun at 107,000km/h, which in turn moves around the center of the galaxy at 900,000km/h, which moves in the universe at 2,160,000km/h!
Apart from the atmosphere disappearing at these speeds, how is there no stellar parallax, especially considering that all the other stars and galaxies are revolving around each other and the Earth as well. The sky must be a right mess! Each new day must bring a brand new unique constellation in the sky at night with some new stars getting nearer so they can be seen with the naked eye and some traveling further away and disappearing never to return for thousands or millions of years.
Before we move on, this lack of stellar parallax is the reason why advocates of heliocentric theory give the unbelievably enormous distances the heavenly bodies must be from Earth. They can’t measure it! The stars must be thousands and millions of light years away (with the Milky Way 100,000 light years across, 1 light year being 9.46 trillion kilometers!) because there is no (or little) detectable stellar parallax; otherwise heliocentric theory would be definitely wrong.
It is clear from Euclid’s geometry that the effect would be undetectable if the stars were far enough away, but for various reasons such gigantic distances involved seemed entirely implausible: it was one of Tycho Brahe’s principal objections to Copernican heliocentrism that in order for it to be compatible with the lack of observable stellar parallax, there would have to be an enormous and unlikely void between the orbit of Saturn and the eighth sphere (the fixed stars).
Not only is there no evidence for such astronomical distances, but we have now proven that the stars are approximately 4000 miles away!
Does making stuff up to support a theory lacking any observational or experimental evidence sound like science to you?
Speaking of which…
How do we know it is not the heavens or “space” which moves above us, instead of the Earth, which causes both the rotation of the stars and any of their hard-to-detect parallax. We now know it is the former, thanks to an experiment in 1871 by Astronomer Royal, George Airy; which is this:
If stellar parallax is too small to see with the naked eye, then why not artificially increase it. If the Earth rotates at the same speed constantly, then by slowing the light down (by filling the telescope with water), the angle of star movement would increase. If stellar parallax increased then the telescope would have to be tilted more to see the same star and prove a rotating Earth once and for all.
And guess what? As confirmed by others, the most careful measurements gave the same angle for a telescope with water as for one filled with air. This is called “Airy’s failure”. It proved the rotation of the heavens, not Earth, which moves stars.
The angle stayed the same, proving that the Earth does not rotate.
The heliocentric advocates were now desperate. What was needed was another observable experiment to still offer the possibility of a rotating Earth. Enter Foucault’s pendulum in 1885. This pendulum swings back and forth, each swing moving slightly to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere until, at the poles, one full circle is achieved in 24 hours. It doesn’t move left or right at all at the equator.
Foucault Pendulum in California
Not to scale, but illustrating the movement.
As you have noticed, this is the same phenomenon as the stars rotating every 24 hours around the polar star, which was proved not to be caused by a rotating Earth thanks to George Airy. Unfortunately for the heliocentric supporters, Foucault’s pendulum also had a problem. In 1954 and 1959, Maurice Allais noticed that during a solar eclipse, which lasted 2 and a half hours, the angle of the pendulum changed dramatically by 13.5°. This has been repeatedly observed with positive results on most of the subsequent eclipses, which obviously means that the pendulum isn’t registering the Earth’s rotation, but the motion of something else instead.
With Airy’s failure proving that the Earth does not rotate, the heliocentric theorists needed to quickly show with no further doubt that the Earth rotated. Enter two staunch supporters of heliocentricity, Albert Michelson and Edward Morley, who in 1887 set up a device which split up light: one beam in the direction of the Earth’s rotation, and one at right angles. The two light beams then recombined and hit a photographic plate. The difference is speed of the two beams would create an interference pattern. They expected to measure a speed of 30 km/s as that was the speed of the Earth’s supposed rotation, but instead registered a variable difference of between 1 and 10 km/s each time the experiment was repeated. They called this a “null” result. This proves that the Earth is not rotating and at the same time proved the existence of the ether.
Gosh, the traveling light wasn’t rotating with the Earth. Who’d a thunk it?
It didn’t stop there, Georges Sagnac, and Henry Gale conducted similar experiments, but on a rotating platform, which again demonstrated the existence of the ether, already proved by default in 1871 and 1885 by combining the results from George Airy and Foucault’s pendulum, and also in 1887 by the Michelson-Morley experiment.
How do you think the advocates of heliocentric theory responded? Why, they made something up of course! What else could they do but invent another wild theory to play down these experimental results and lead us further into the cesspit of fallacy. Enter showbiz academic of the 20th century, Einstein and the special theory of relativity.
Enter the clowns.
Special relativity was invented to make sure all these experiments still gave heliocentric theory a chance of being correct. It needed objects to shrink to a specific size in direct proportion to its speed. These objects weren’t measured! The concept had never been observed at all. It was metaphysical only. But it had to be correct, otherwise the unthinkable would be true.
The rescue operation was performed by means of a purely metaphysical concept lifted directly from Professors Fitzgerald and Lorentz, who had also been trying to explain the results of the Michelson-Morley experiment, and renamed by him the Special Theory of Relativity. What was suggested was that if the dimensions of an object in motion were assumed to shrink exactly in proportion to the speed at which it was traveling by exactly the necessary amount, mathematical calculations could be made to show that the Earth was in motion after all. No one has ever seen an object shrink as a result of being in motion, and indeed one of the world’s leading authorities on relativity, Dr. Herbert Dingle, was later to dismiss the theory of relativity as metaphysical nonsense with no basis on what could be observed.
Making up a new branch of mathematics to explain the results of experiments that disagrees with your worldview does not a proof make! As a J.J. Thomson once said:
We have Einstein’s space, de Sitter’s space, expanding universes, contracting universes, vibrating universes, mysterious universes. In fact the pure mathematician may create universes just by writing down an equation, and indeed if he is an individualist he can have a universe of his own.
However, when you make stuff up not based on anything in the real world, it is bound to run into trouble.
Ironically, when Special Relativity failed due to its internal contradictions, Einstein had to invent General Relativity to shore up the façade, and in the process he had to take back the very two foundations he had discarded in Special Relativity, namely, (a) that nothing can exceed the speed of light and (b) the existence of ether. In the end, Einstein’s theories were a mass of contradictions which are covered over by obtuse mathematical equations.
Despite this nonsense, the heliocentric “authorities” pushed it through with all their media power and academic might so that once this new mathematics was firmly established, they had carte blanche to sneak in other bad “science” when experimental observations went against them, like black holes, dark matter, wormholes and other such unobservable and unverifiable nonsense. The worst offence though was trying to tie in the Coriolis effect of a rotating Earth with observable atmospheric phenomena. The Coriolis effect is an optical illusion whereby an object traveling in a straight line is seen to be moving in a curved one instead because the observer is on a rotating platform.
The Coriolis optical illusion. You are the red dot. Below is what you observe. Above is what actually happens.
This is the complete pattern and scale of ANY Coriolis effect on the Earth. If something in the real world doesn’t match this, it can NOT be the Coriolis effect!
They say it is this effect which causes moving objects to be deflected in a clockwise direction in the northern hemisphere and anti-clockwise in the southern hemisphere; an example of which are large cyclones. This is obviously false. The Coriolis effect is NOT a force, it is an optical illusion. It cannot cause objects to be deflected; their trajectories remain the same, which is straight. Cyclones do not “travel in straight lines, but just appear to be curved because we are on the surface of a rotating sphere”. Their size ranges from under 222km to over 888km making their curves far too tight and localized. Plus there are very high altitude images looking down on cyclones from above. Is the camera rotating with the Earth to get this curved perspective?
Is the camera rotating with the Earth? How can a cyclone twisting on itself be a straight line? Is this image even real?
A tropical cyclone in Australia twisting down to Earth is not a straight line.
And what about smaller vortex phenomena like Tornadoes which average only 150m across. Where is the Coriolis effect now?
A 150m wide tornado is really a straight line!
If you wish to study further the fallacy of linking the Coriolis effect with atmospheric phenomena then Miles Mathis‘ work is a must. Otherwise, those inclined to understand cyclones and tornadoes would do well to study the relationship between gravity and electromagnetism, and vortex dynamics instead, as even physicists admit that the Coriolis “effect” and electromagnetism is eerily similar. (What a surprise!)
So far we have proved that:
- The Earth does not tilt.
- The Earth does not rotate.
- The Sun moves, not the Earth.
- The heavens move, not the Earth, which means that:
- “Space” or the ether moves and not the Earth.
- “Space” moves in a circular motion (and is probably a vortex).
by Zen Gardner
Everyone knows the unscrupulously manipulative always accuse others of what they themselves are guilty of. It’s an age old trick to obfuscate the obvious and buy time to accomplish their purposes.
Lying is their pathological language.
Such behavior, especially in high profile public figures, is unthinkable, yet for some inexplicable reason it is not just tolerated, but ironically readily expected.
People still buy into it. And the reaction always remains the same. Complacency on the most part, and a rising sense of anger in others. No doubt a byproduct of cognitive dissonance and range of other deliberately triggered mechanisms, but surreal just the same.
A Bald Faced Lie is a Punch in the Face
This is essentially what transpires when someone knowingly lies to your face. It jars your mind and pushes you back on the defensive and you’re left to try and understand why your heart and head are not matching up with what you just heard.
Everyone, except these willingly possessed psychopaths, has a conscience. And it’s faithful to speak to us. This is why humanity has been conditioned to not respond to it, and also why fear is so essential to their game. When our signals are scrambled, our gut reaction belittled and intuition denied we’re left in a daze.
This is exactly what they want to happen. It gives them time to keep executing their programs, especially when a complicit media candies and bandies it about as if it’s true and nothing to question.
This is the whirled we’re in and up against. Again, another reason to stay fully conscious and circumspect and thoroughly educated as to their techniques and true nature. Not pretty stuff to look at, but understand it we must.
Abject bullies like Israel are relatively easy to spot – if we grasp their obvious odious nature and where they’re coming from. The bully in the playground works by pure intimidation and force and will resort to any form of expression they can – loud mouthed intimidation, brandishing weapons, and all bathed in swaggering bravado right up to and including physical force to get their point across.
Send a signal is their MO. And those who don’t cower, teach them a lesson. Again, just look at the abject genocidal insanity of the Israeli occupiers. Now that they’ve gained control of most of the world’s media, especially in the west, what they say goes. And if the media or governments don’t toe their line well enough they’ll hear from these vociferous, self serving elitist beasts.
Another aspect of bullying is provoking your supposed enemy. The US is at this big time, deliberately firing up the conservative right and constitutionalists. It’s full on deliberate. The opulent extravagance of the Obamas, the clearly deliberate crashing of the economy, the flagrant trashing of patriotism and removal of individual rights are all carefully planned. Threatening to disarm fiercely independent Americans is an essential part of this agenda.
The mass migration agenda is the same. While the US gets inundated with needy Central Americans with clear governmental manipulation, Europe is similarly being swept with an influx that threatens their economies and cultural identities.
What’s most amazing about this is anyone can read this agenda for themselves from UN statements and documents and the Agenda 21 or 2030 programs. That so many can’t be bothered to look into much of this is outright frightening.
Israel again is a master example of aggressive agendas designed to push back common sense and reason as well as true empathy for the plight of others. A clearly apartheid state while claiming they were the victims of such treatment is completely nonsensical. It flies in the face of simple reason and logic. Yet they get away with it. How? They’ve taken over the media and political structures through the same tactics of intimidation and potential consequence by their massive Mossad/CIA/MI6 black hand of control.
Strategy of Tension and Not Just Provoking, but Demonizing Your Subjects
What’s amazing is the thoroughness of psychopathic social engineers. This is where we need to wake up and get smart.
They operate according to something called the Strategy of Tension, keeping peoples and nations nervous and afraid and more inclined to rely on government and enforcement to protect them. It also homogenizes cultures in a form of group think and a state of malleability due to this state of fear.
The extension of their influence is far and wide. Mass shootings, weird mass “accidents” at certain interims, and most of all false flags, never mind assassinations and the like. This has been the weapon of choice for every totalitarian regime for eons and a real favorite of this latest push for world dominion by these psychopaths.
The end result, ironically, is not entirely to direct everyone’s attention to a foreign enemy. That’s just a ruse and excuse for genocide and expansion. The enemy to them is within – us. We must be contained like animals and malleable to their every whim.
So-called domestic terrorism has been a meme on the rise. The deliberate migration of “potential muslim extremists” is a key part of this, as any and every incident they stage can more and more be justified and conveniently blamed on outside influences. The end result is the same: clampdown on the populace.
Just look at this propaganda piece brought to you by the Rothschild/Rockefeller owned and CIA/Mossad/MI6 et all run Reuters news agency:
U.S. eyes ways to toughen fight against domestic extremists
The U.S. Justice Department is considering legal changes to combat what it sees as a rising threat from domestic anti-government extremists, senior officials told Reuters, even as it steps up efforts to stop Islamic State-inspired attacks at home.
Extremist groups motivated by a range of U.S.-born philosophies present a “clear and present danger,” John Carlin, the Justice Department’s chief of national security, told Reuters in an interview. “Based on recent reports and the cases we are seeing, it seems like we’re in a heightened environment.” (source)
The agenda is obvious. If we’re looking. The language as well is a giveaway, the smooth talking and use of buzz phrases like “clear and present danger”, “national security” and the like are rife.
The Subtler Techniques of Deceit
This may seem a bit tangential to the main point I’m making here but is nonetheless essential information if we’re to more fully understand how these tactics are carried out on subtler levels.
You’ll see the following logical fallacy tactics in use continually, but unfortunately most people fall for them for lack of discernment as well as awareness of just what deceitful people are capable of doing.
This is a big subject well worth researching on your own but here are a few to get you started:
1. The Strawman Argument – Misrepresenting someone’s argument to make it easier to attack.
Example: After Will said that we should put more money into health and education, Warren responded by saying that he was surprised that Will hates our country so much that he wants to leave it defenseless by cutting military spending.
You’ll see this in use continually especially in the political and government arenas. It’s very clever really, side-stepping the real issue and misdirecting the argument to a false issue having nothing to do with the original question or discussion.
2. The False Choice Dilemma – Giving an extremely narrow range of choice to an issue or situation that is much wider than is being portrayed with virtually unlimited possibilites.
Baby Bush’s carefully framed post 9/11 statement is the classic geopolitical example: “You’re either with us, or you’re with the terrorists.”
You have to admit that’s pretty damn galvanizing. But in what way? Now you can’t question what the “good guys” are doing or you might be with “axis of evil”? That’s what it’s since come down to. Again, cleverly staged propaganda by these very intelligent psychopaths. Keeping the public drugged and dumbed down would sure work in their favor, wouldn’t it?
3. Correlation versus Causation. You can apply this across the board. It’s so easy to assume what we’re told is true in this context. Beware.
The easiest example is when two events occur at the same time, or in close apparent relation with each other. One is then seen as the cause of the other. An increase in robberies occurs at the same time that jobs cuts are announced, for example. There is no evidence to support the claim that the expected job losses caused the increase in robberies.
This is best seen in false flag events when the enemy or culprit is named before any investigation whatsoever. If someone “claims” responsibility it’s case closed, as they go after their pre-selected patsy to confirm this or already executed this planted persona on the spot. Done deal.
4. Overgeneralization or Oversimplification.
This is another framework for logical fallacies. Generalizing from too small of a population, or reducing complex social issues to only one choice or the other, and leaving out the complex issues that do not support the claim are examples of fallacies that stem from overgeneralization and oversimplification. (source of last two citations)
These are just a few examples. It’s a field well worth exploring and getting a handle on. When you dissect and analyze these mechanisms it is extremely empowering.
All That To Say…
Be on the look out. Stay alert and awake and aware. What we see around us is not what we get, unless we fall for it and thereby make it our reality. Personal empowerment in such an environment as we’re living in is essential.
But you have to do the work.
Psychopaths are running the external world. It’s more evident by the day to more and more people. Those not fully on board even at higher and middle levels are being bullied into it within the power structure. They can see who the apparent heirs are to the coming positions of power so they’re buckling under the pressure in an effort to save their hides.
Others at many levels of society are waking up and looking for ways to expose this nefarious agenda and help humanity push back in whatever way it can. We need to keep our voices loud and clear and distinctly truthful and helpful.
There may be many vectors by which they’re coming at us, be they geonengineering, manipulated food, societal crackdowns, media programming and the like, but we’re clearly up to the challenge.
After all, we’re here! We’re thriving just fine in spite of all they do, and we’re growing stronger by the day.
Never forget that, let down your guard, nor grow weary in well doing.
This is our day – not theirs. Let’s fulfill our mission, and use the massive spiritual weapons at our disposal – love, truth, our connection to Source and essential eternal nature which can never be taken away.
Love always, Zen
Este año se celebró el 116 ° aniversario de la invasión de la isla de Puerto Rico por parte de las fuerzas armadas de Estados Unidos. Desde la época de Cristóbal Colón, Puerto Rico se ha mantenido bajo el dominio– extranjero,primero de España y luego de los EE.UU. Puerto Rico es una de las últimas colonias en el mundo de hoy.
Gobernantes de Estados Unidos y Puerto Rico, mantienen la ficción de que los resultados sobre el estatuto político de la isla es un pacto bilateral de 1952 llamado Estado Libre Asociado (ELA, Estado Libre Asociado, ya sé no hace sentido) entre dos gobiernos soberanos. Aún así, el gobierno de Estados Unidos se reserva el control total y unilateral sobre la isla. El Congreso de Estados Unidos tiene un poder de veto absoluto sobre la legislación local. La única forma legal de moneda es el dólar estadounidense. Todos los asuntos de defensa se difieren a los militares de EE.UU., y todos los varones elegibles pueden enlistarse. Aunque la isla tiene una Guardia Nacional, que al igual que las guardias nacionales de los cincuenta estados de los EE.UU., está bajo la jurisdicción del Pentágono. La Aplicación de la ley Federal es manejado por el FBI. Los tribunales federales llevan a cabo sus funciones estrictamente en el idioma Inglés, a pesar del hecho de que aproximadamente el 80 por ciento de la población habla sólo español. En lo que es un tema tremendamente polémico, las actuales lenguas oficiales del país son el español y el Inglés.
Los puertorriqueños han sido ciudadanos estadounidenses desde que el Congreso de Estados Unidos impuso la ciudadanía en todos los residentes de la isla en 1917 bajo la Ley Jones, durante su residencia en cualquier estado de la unión, los puertorriqueños pueden ejercer los mismos derechos que cualquier otro ciudadano. Pero los que viven en la isla no pueden votar en las elecciones presidenciales o para elegir senadores o representantes al Congreso. Además, el nivel de los fondos federales asignados a la isla es a menudo inferior a la de cualquier Estado en circunstancias similares. Claramente, la relación de Puerto Rico y EE.UU. es la de una colonia
. Pero ya que la palabra “colonia” tiene una connotación negativa, los documentos del gobierno de Estados Unidos se refieren a la isla como el “Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico.”
En el último post Puerto Rico “EE.UU. LAB” Mostré que parte de esta gran relación entre los dos países, ahora vamos a ver qué más podemos excavar:
Las intenciones originales que Estados Unidos tuvo con la isla eran lo que ellos llamaron “Proyecto 2020“. Sorprendentemente, hay muy poca documentación acerca de esto, pero es un plan que ellos han tenido para la isla desde el 1900! Consistía en convertir la isla en una instalación militar de gran tamaño. Aunque esto nunca se cumple, el 13% de la tierra en la isla 35 x 100 millas está ocupado por bases militares estadounidenses.
El Congreso de Estados Unidos se reserva la facultad de legislar para Puerto Rico * sin * el consentimiento de su gente. Los puertorriqueños en la isla no se les permite votar por el Presidente o sus representantes en el Congreso.
– En 1917, la Ley Jones * obligó ciudadanía ** en el pueblo puertorriqueño, junto con el proyecto y la Primera Guerra Mundial los puertorriqueños se han visto obligados a servir en todas las guerras de Estados Unidos posteriores, sin embargo, no se les permite votar?
Y hablando sobre el tema de la guerra, mientras que Puerto Rico tiene soportar el racismo, he aquí algunos hechos interesantes
El 21 de marzo de 1915, los primeros disparos por parte de Estados Unidos en la Primera Guerra Mundial fueron disparados por el Regimiento de Puerto Rico de Infantería de El Castillo del Morro en un barco alemán en Bahía de San Juan.
La Cámara de Representantes y el Senado han aprobado proyectos de ley para otorgar a las Regimiento 65 de Infantería “Borinqueneers”, la Medalla de Oro del Congreso.
Este es un honor que se encuentra debidamente merecía. Estos hombres pasaron por dificultades increíbles con ningún reconocimiento o apreciación de sus esfuerzos “, dijo Gómez.
Al igual que sus compañeros soldados de color, los aviadores de Tuskegee y el código de idioma navajo, los Borinqueneers eran miembros de un regimiento de infantería segregado, establecido en 1899 con los miembros que prestan servicio en la Primera Guerra Mundial y la Segunda Guerra Mundial, así como en Corea. El regimiento de infantería fue disuelto en 1959.
Actualmente, los Borinqueneers es la única unidad de infantería militar segregada no haber sido galardonado con la Medalla de Oro del Congreso.
Los puertorriqueños que forman las filas de la 65 de Infantería galante en los campos de batalla de Corea … está escribiendo un brillante historial de logros en la batalla y me siento orgulloso de hecho de tenerlos en este comando. Ojalá que podamos tener muchos más como ellos.
El general Douglas MacArthur
La existencia de un sistema mundial de interceptación de comunicaciones privadas y económicas (la
Sistema de interceptación ECHELON)
A. Considerando que la existencia de un sistema mundial de interceptación de comunicaciones, operando por
través de la cooperación en proporción a sus capacidades entre los EE.UU., el Reino Unido, Canadá,
Australia y Nueva Zelanda en el marco del Acuerdo UKUSA, ya no está en duda; mientras que
parece probable, en vista de la evidencia y el patrón consistente de declaraciones de un muy
amplia gama de personas y organizaciones, incluidas fuentes estadounidenses, que su nombre es
De hecho ECHELON, aunque esto es un detalle relativamente menor,
B. Considerando que ya puede haber duda de que la finalidad del sistema es la interceptación, en el
muy, comunicaciones privadas y comerciales, y no menos de comunicaciones militares,
aunque el análisis realizado en el informe ha puesto de manifiesto que la capacidad técnica de
el sistema probablemente no son casi tan extensa como algunos sectores de los medios de comunicación tuvieron
C. Considerando que, por lo tanto, es sorprendente, por no decir preocupante, que muchos altos Comunidad
figuras, incluidos los comisarios europeos, que dieron pruebas de lo temporal
Comité alegó no ser consciente de este fenómeno.
La estación de radar iba a ser colocado en las tierras del oeste, donde la marina en uno de sus pocos actos de conservación y la estimulación de la economía Vieques había plantado un bosque de árboles de caoba. La instalación incluiría 34 transmiten torres con una altura media de unos 100 pies.
Manifestantes de Vieques protestaron las audiencias públicas sobre la instalación ROTHR que tuvo lugar en la Alcaldía. Ellos expresaron su preocupación por los riesgos para la salud de las radiaciones electromagnéticas, el hecho de que el complejo ROTHR consumiría un 50% del suministro eléctrico de la Municipalidad de Vieques y el uso militar de las tierras, lo que los ciudadanos esperan algún día ser usado para el desarrollo ecológicamente sensibles .
El proyecto ROTHR sirvió para unir a la comunidad con incluso antiguos partidarios acérrimos de la marina uniéndose a los manifestantes contra la marina al expresar su oposición a la instalación.
“En un desarrollo sorprendente, en julio de 1994, el Consejo de Administración de la Conservación y Vieques Historical Trust (VCHT) anunció su oposición unánime a la estación ROTHR de la marina. El VCHT fue el proyecto favorito de una serie de ricos residentes estacionales de América del Norte, y que pretendía centrarse en preservar el medio ambiente de Vieques, en particular su única bahía bioluminiscente, pero con los años se había alienado a sí mismo de los viequenses simpático debido a su negativa a oponerse los ejercicios de bombardeo naval. El VCHT sostuvo que hablar en contra de los bombardeos sería un ejercicio de la política y su deseo de participar en la preservación del medio ambiente, no la controversia política.
“En la mayoría de los miembros VCHT realidad, que a menudo eran miembros de la marina de guerra de la Liga, así, la apoyaba fuertemente la presencia militar en Vieques y no estaban dispuestos a comprometer sus lealtades, incluso en la cara de este aparente conflicto de intereses. Por lo tanto, los activistas se sorprendieron cuando el VCHT emitió un enérgico comunicado declarando su oposición inequívoca a la estación de radar, que además de representar un deterioro visual en ‘una de las más hermosas islas vírgenes del Caribe‘ y una potencial amenaza para la salud a residentes de la isla, es casi seguro que afectará negativamente el medio ambiente de la isla, en particular, la bahía bioluminiscente. Por primera vez, los intereses de los activistas contra la marina de guerra y las de una organización norteamericana de base local habían convergido “.
A pesar de la controversia el ROTHR se puso en funcionamiento y permanece en la propiedad de propiedad de la marina de guerra. Los árboles de caoba fueron talados para dar paso a la construcción.
De acuerdo con la Associated Press, Blackwater entrenó y fue utilizado como la base para llevar a cabo misiones a América Latina en Puerto Rico con el consentimiento del gobierno de Puerto Rico hasta 2004 Esto fue a través de una compañía fantasma llamada E & J Holdings, una empresa de bienes raíces con sede en Puerto Rico. E & J es sinónimo de Erick y Joanne Prince. Erick Prince es el fundador de Blackwater Worldwide.
Tras el éxito de los ensayos preliminares de Boston para la píldora en 1954 y 1955, John Rock y Gregory Pincus estaban seguros de que habían apuntado a un anticonceptivo oral. Pero sin pruebas en humanos a gran escala, la droga nunca recibiría la necesaria aprobación de la FDA para llevar el medicamento al mercado. Dada la fuerte oposición legal, cultural y religiosa de control de la natalidad en Estados Unidos en la década de 1950, las perspectivas para este próximo paso crucial aparecieron tenue.
Una ubicación perfecta
En el verano de 1955, Gregory Pincus visitó Puerto Rico, y descubrió que sería el lugar perfecto para los ensayos en humanos. La isla, un territorio de Estados Unidos, fue una de las zonas más densamente pobladas del mundo, y los funcionarios de control de la natalidad apoyado como una forma de control de la población con la esperanza de que iba a frenar la pobreza endémica de Puerto Rico. No había leyes de control anti-natalidad en los libros, y Pincus quedó impresionado con la amplia red de clínicas de control de natalidad que ya existen en la isla. Había 67 consultorios que dispensan los métodos existentes de control de la natalidad y un gran grupo de mujeres utilizan sus servicios.
This year marked the 116th anniversary of the U.S. armed forces’ invasion of the island of Puerto Rico. Since the time of Christopher Columbus, Puerto Rico has remained under direct foreign domination–first under Spain and then under the U.S. Puerto Rico is one of the last colonies in the world today.
U.S. and Puerto Rican rulers maintain the fiction that the island’s political status results from a 1952 bilateral pact called the Estado Libre Asociado (ELA, Free Associated State, I know it makes no sense) between two sovereign governments. Still, the U.S. government reserves complete and unilateral control over the island. The U.S. Congress holds an absolute veto power over local legislation. The only legal form of currency is the U.S. dollar. All defense matters are deferred to the U.S. military, and all eligible males can be drafted. Although the island has a National Guard, it, like the National Guards of the fifty states of the U.S., falls under the jurisdiction of the Pentagon. Federal law enforcement is handled by the FBI. The federal courts carry out their functions strictly in the English language, despite the fact that roughly 80 percent of the population speaks only Spanish. In what is a hotly contested issue, the current official languages of the country are Spanish and English.
Puerto Ricans have been American citizens since the U.S. Congress imposed citizenship on all island residents in 1917. While residing in any state of the union, Puerto Ricans can exercise the same rights as any other citizen. But those living on the island are not allowed to vote in presidential elections or to elect senators or representatives to Congress. Additionally, the level of federal funds allocated to the island is frequently below that of any state in similar circumstances. Clearly, the relationship of Puerto Rico to the U.S. is that of a colony to its overlord. But since the word “colony” carries negative connotations, U.S. government documents refer to the island as the “Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.”
In the last post Puerto Rico “US LAB” I showed you part of this great relation between the two countries, now let see what else we can dig out:
The original intentions that the United States had with the island were what they called “Project 2020”. Amazingly, there is very little documentation about this, but it is a plan that they have had for the island since the early 1900’s! It consisted of converting the island into a large military installation. Although this was never fulfill, 13% of the land on the 35 x 100 mile island is occupied by U.S. military bases.
The U.S. Congress retains power to legislate for Puerto Rico *without* the consent of its people. Puerto Ricans on the island are not permitted to vote for the President or their congressional representatives.
– In 1917, the Jones Act *forced citizenship** on the Puerto Rican people, along with the draft and World War I. Puerto Ricans have been forced to serve in all subsequent U.S. wars, yet they are not allowed to vote?
And talking on the subject of war, while Puerto Rican have endure racism, here are some interesting facts
On March 21, 1915, the first shots by the United States in World War I were fired by the Puerto Rico Regiment of Infantry from El Morro Castle at a German ship in San Juan Bay.
The House of Representatives and the Senate have passed bills that will grant the 65th Infantry Regiment “Borinqueneers,” the Congressional Gold Medal.
This is an honor that is duly deserved. These men went through incredible hardships with no recognition or appreciation of their efforts,” Gomez said.
Much like their fellow soldiers of color, the Tuskegee Airmen and the Navajo Code Talkers, the Borinqueneers were members of a segregated infantry regiment, established in 1899 with members serving in World War I and World War II as well as in Korea. The infantry regiment was disbanded in 1959.
Currently, the Borinqueneers is the only segregated military infantry unit to have not been awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
The Puerto Ricans forming the ranks of the gallant 65th Infantry on the battlefields of Korea … are writing a brilliant record of achievement in battle and I am proud indeed to have them in this command. I wish that we might have many more like them.
General Douglas MacArthur
The existence of a global system for intercepting private and commercial communications (the
ECHELON interception system)
A. whereas the existence of a global system for intercepting communications, operating by
means of cooperation proportionate to their capabilities among the USA, the UK, Canada,
Australia and New Zealand under the UKUSA Agreement, is no longer in doubt; whereas
it seems likely, in view of the evidence and the consistent pattern of statements from a very
wide range of individuals and organizations, including American sources, that its name is
in fact ECHELON, although this is a relatively minor detail,
B. whereas there can now be no doubt that the purpose of the system is to intercept, at the
very least, private and commercial communications, and not military communications,
although the analysis carried out in the report has revealed that the technical capabilities of
the system are probably not nearly as extensive as some sections of the media had
C. whereas, therefore, it is surprising, not to say worrying, that many senior Community
figures, including European Commissioners, who gave evidence to the Temporary
Committee claimed to be unaware of this phenomenon.
The radar station was to be placed in the western lands where the navy in one of its few acts of conservation and stimulation of the Vieques economy had planted a grove of mahogany trees. The facility would include 34 transmitting towers with an average height of about 100 feet.
Vieques protesters picketed the public hearings on the ROTHR facility that took place at the Alcaldía. They expressed concerns about the health risks of electromagnetic radiation, the fact that the ROTHR complex would consume 50% of the electricity supply of the Municipality of Vieques and the military use of lands, which the citizens hoped would some day be used for ecologically sensitive development.
The ROTHR project served to unite the community with even former staunch supporters of the navy joining in with anti navy protesters in voicing their opposition to the installation.
“In a startling development, in July 1994, the board of Directors of the Vieques Conservation and Historical Trust (VCHT) announced their unanimous opposition to the navy’s ROTHR station. The VCHT was the pet project of a number of wealthy North American seasonal residents, and it claimed to focus on preserving Vieques’ environment, particularly its unique bioluminescent bay, but over the years it had alienated itself from sympathetic Viequenses because of its refusal to oppose the naval bombing exercises. The VCHT maintained that speaking out against the bombing would be an exercise in politics and that it wished to engage in environmental preservation, not political controversy.
“In reality most VCHT members, who were often Navy League members as well, were strongly supportive of the military presence on Vieques and were not willing to compromise their loyalties, even in the face of this apparent conflict of interest. Thus, activists were surprised when the VCHT issued a strongly worded statement declaring its unequivocal opposition to the radar station, which aside from representing a visual blight on ‘one of the loveliest unspoiled islands of the Caribbean’ and a potential health threat to island residents, would almost certainly adversely affect the island’s environment, in particular the bioluminescent bay. For the first time, the interests of anti navy activists and those of a locally based North American organization had converged.”
According to the Associated Press, Blackwater trained and was used as base to carry out missions to Latin America in Puerto Rico with the consent of the Puerto Rican government till 2004. This was thru a shell company named E & J Holdings, a real estate firm based in Puerto Rico. E & J stands for Erick and Joanne Prince. Erick Prince is the founder of Blackwater Worldwide.
After the success of the preliminary Boston trials for the Pill in 1954 and 1955, John Rock and Gregory Pincus were confident they had honed in on an oral contraceptive. But without large-scale human trials, the drug would never receive the FDA approval necessary to bring the drug to market. Given the strong legal, cultural and religious opposition to birth control in America in the 1950s, the prospects for this crucial next step appeared dim.
A Perfect Location
In the summer of 1955, Gregory Pincus visited Puerto Rico, and discovered it would be the perfect location for the human trials. The island, a U.S. territory, was one of the most densely populated areas in the world, and officials supported birth control as a form of population control in the hopes that it would stem Puerto Rico’s endemic poverty. There were no anti-birth control laws on the books, and Pincus was impressed with the extensive network of birth control clinics already in place on the island. There were 67 clinics dispensing existing methods of birth control and a large group of women used their services.
Poor, Uneducated Women
For Pincus, the island offered a pool of motivated candidates, and a stationary population that could be easily monitored over the course of the trials. Pincus also knew that if he could demonstrate that the poor, uneducated, women of Puerto Rico could follow the Pill regimen, then women anywhere in the world could too. Pincus hoped that by showing Puerto Rican women could successfully use oral contraceptives, he could quiet critics’ concerns that oral contraceptives would be too “complicated” for women in developing nations and American inner cities to use.
The base for the first trial was a clinic at Rio Piedras, a brand new housing project complete with running water and sunny balconies just outside of San Juan. The worst slum on the island, El Fangito (“the little mud hole”), had been razed to build clean, white seven-story buildings, and the new residents were eager to continue to improve their standard of living. Many American companies were building factories on the island, and plenty of factory jobs were available for local women.
Many Trial Subjects
Puerto Rico Trials The Rio Piedras trials quickly got off the ground in April 1956. In no time, the trial was filled to capacity, and they expanded the trials to additional locations on the island. Although Puerto Rico was a predominantly Catholic island, people were far more concerned with the struggles of daily life than Church dogma, and did not follow Rome on matters of birth control. At the time, most women relied on sterilization or abortion to limit their family size, and the Pill was a welcome alternative.
The pharmaceutical company G.D. Searle provided the pills for the trial. Rock selected a high dose of Enovid, the company’s brand name for their synthetic oral progesterone, to ensure that no pregnancies would occur while test subjects were on the drug. Later, after discovering Enovid worked better with small amounts of synthetic estrogen, that active ingredient was added to the Pill as well.
Dr. Edris Rice-Wray, a faculty member of the Puerto Rico Medical School and medical director of the Puerto Rico Family Planning Association, was in charge of the trials. After a year of tests, Dr. Rice-Wray reported good news to Pincus. The Pill was 100% effective when taken properly. She also informed him that 17% of the women in the study complained of nausea, dizziness, headaches, stomach pain and vomiting. So serious and sustained were the reactions that Rice-Wray told Pincus that a 10-milligram dose of Enovid caused “too many side reactions to be generally acceptable.”
Dismissing Side Effects
Rock and Pincus quickly dismissed Rice-Wray’s conclusions. Their patients in Boston had experienced far fewer negative reactions, and they believed many of the complaints were psychosomatic. The men also felt that problems such as bloating and nausea were minor compared to the contraceptive benefits of the drug. Although three women died while participating in the trials, no investigation was conducted to see if the Pill had caused the young women’s deaths. Confident in the safety of the Pill, Pincus and Rock took no action to assess the root cause of the side effects.
Deceit and Exploitation?
In later years, Pincus’s team would be accused of deceit, colonialism and the exploitation of poor women of color. The women had only been told that they were taking a drug that prevented pregnancy, not that this was a clinical trial, that the Pill was experimental or that there was a chance of potentially dangerous side effects. Pincus and Rock, however, believed they were following the appropriate ethical standards of the time. In the 1950s, research involving human subjects was much less regulated than it is today. Informed consent standards were minimal and only the most basic toxicity tests were required for human trials.
To this day, questions linger over whether Pincus and Rock overlooked serious side effects from the original high dosage Pill during trials, in their rush to bring an effective pill to market. The dosage of the Pill has since been dramatically lowered and the incidence of serious side effects has been greatly reduced. Still, the Puerto Rico pill trials remain a controversial episode in the history of the Pill’s development.
The Department of Defense has identified 110 sites in the United States that could serve as bases for military unmanned aerial systems (UAS), or drones. A new report to Congress lists each of the 110 sites “and the UAS likely to fly at that location.” See “Report to Congress on Future Unmanned Aircraft Systems Training, Operations, and Sustainability,” Department of Defense, April 2012 (pp. 9-12).
The newly disclosed DoD report was first reported by InsideDefense.com.
U.S. Air Force Tech. Sgt. Ron Zechman, a predator sensor operator, and Maj. Jeff Bright, a predator pilot and detachment commander of the 432nd Wing out of Creech Air Force Base, Nev., go over pre-flight check lists for an RQ-1 Predator unmanned aerial vehicle at Aeropuerto Rafael Hernandez outside Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, Jan. 28, 2010, but has been going on since 2002.
Radiation test in (El Verde) El Yunque Rainforest
An Arboretum of more than 100 tropical tree species is established in the EYNF/LEF.
UPR scientists from the Puerto Rico Nuclear Research Center test the effects of gamma radiation on tropical forests in the El Verde sector of the EYNF. These tests were accomplished to provide scientific evaluation of whether nuclear energy should be used to carve-out a proposed inter-ocean waterway through Central America, to replace the Panama Canal.
Nuclear Bomb In Vieques?
In 1995 NOTICENTRO 4 (channel 4 news) DENOUNCED IN AN EXCLUSIVE REPORT THE COMPLICATED SITUATION LIVED BY THE PEOPLE OF VIEQUES DUE TO THE PRESENCE OF THE NAVY AND THE MILITARY MANEUVERS ON THE ISLAND. DURING THE SPECIAL ASSIGNMENT, “RED ALERT”, IT WAS ALSO DENOUNCED THAT AN INCIDENT WITH A NUCLEAR BOMB HAD OCCURRED IN VIEQUES DURING THE MID 60’S.
THE HIGH COMMAND OF THE NAVY IN PUERTO RICO CATEGORICALLY DENIED IN 1995 THAT SUCH AN INCIDENT EVER OCCURRED AND COMMENCED A CAMPAIGN TO SUPPRESS AND HARRASS THIS TV STATION AND OUR REPORTER. NOW, AFTER FIVE YEARS OF INVESTIGATIONS, NOTICENTRO HAS FOUND NEW EVIDENCE THAT CONFIRMS THE OCCURRENCE OF THE NUCLEAR INCIDENT AND ITS COVER-UP.
To be continued …