Nothing to Fear — Shifting From Fear to Love

 

Fear is running rampant on our world and it is blinding many to the inner guiding voice of their soul, and keeping us from creating a better world. We can all transcend our fears by embracing a few higher truths and increasing our awareness of a few important points.

A World of Fear

Our world is dominated by fear.  Fear of terrorism, fear of getting old, fear of death, fear of cancer, fear of whatever — you name it.

The mainstream media bombards us with bad news.  Commercial interests play on our many insecurities and fears to sell product.

Our fears are reflected in the wars we wage. The war on terror, the war on drugs, the war on you name it.  Our fears are reflected in the themes and archetypes in our fiction — zombie apocalypse, alien invasion, end-of-the-world, good vs. evil, etc.

Our fears are reflected subtly and not so subtly in all aspects of our lives and the world we create.

On a personal level, many of us allow the painful or challenging experiences of our past to dominate our thinking and responses in the present. We live in fear of re-experiencing past traumas and become guarded, defensive, and reactive rather than staying open and present.

Perhaps our deepest fears are of not having enough, or not being enough. Of not being able to provide physically for ourselves and not being good enough, worthy enough, deserving enough.

Fears that were born from the illusion of limitation our reality encourages. We have become lost in this realm of separation and duality and have come to believe deeply in limitation and separation as absolutes of existence.

We have lost touch with our higher self who knows no limitation and no separation from the one and the all.

Blinded by Fear

Fear isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Fear is an aspect of the ego, and a certain amount of it is required to protect and safeguard us as physical beings.

But fear has become exaggerated within us well beyond the instinct for protection; becoming a way of life, a constant experience and an inner guiding voice.

Fear was meant to encourage us to be conscious and aware, to be observant of any dangers around us and yet fear now encourages many to be unconscious and unaware of the inner guiding voice of their soul and higher self — their divine presence.

Manipulated by Fear

There are those on our world who are using fear as a tool to divide us, to disconnect us from our inner truth and divine presence, and to disempower us.

These people have realized that fear is a powerful tool they can use to control others, achieve their self-serving agendas, and give themselves a false sense of power and self-importance.

While they can create circumstances and situations that are calculated to create fearful experiences in many, you can choose to be conscious and aware of your own emotions and reactions and not have fear activated within you.

Fear Disempowers

Fear is a powerful emotion that distracts us from focusing on what’s important. It keeps us focusing on exactly what we don’t want instead of focusing on what we do want.

Our fears interfere with our ability to create the best possible outcomes for our lives and the world. Our fears keep us caged within a limited set of possibilities.

As we awaken to the truth of our higher-self, and the wider reality, we realize that our thoughts are creative and that what we focus on we attract. The creative power of thought is largely determined by its duration, consistency, and emotive intensity.

Fear is a very strong emotion, and letting it run amok in your head will make you a powerful manifestor of what you DON’T WANT. This is why people who have mastered their minds never dwell on their fears.

And, this is why those that seek to empower themselves through controlling others always try to encourage our fears.

Transcending Our Fears

A great shift in the consciousness of humanity is occurring and many of us are beginning to transcend our fears; shifting from the fear-centric responses of the mind and ego to the compassion centric responses of the heart; shifting from fear and judgement to forgiveness and love.

Yet many are still caught up in their personal dramas as well as the collective earthly drama. Wars and terrorism everywhere, famine and poverty, disasters of all kinds… There seems to be a lot to be worried about.

There Is Nothing to Fear

As one awakens to the wider reality and their higher self, one becomes less and less attached to all the drama of the world. One begins to see it for what it is, a grand illusion; a game that we are intentionally playing.

Fully embracing a few truths about the wider reality can give you a profoundly different perspective on life’s difficulties and liberate you from the tyranny of your fears.
The real you lives forever.

Existence does not end when your body dies because the real you is not your body.  The real you is an eternal non-physical being (your soul) — a thread of universal/ source consciousness (God).

The real you is connected to your physical body as a vehicle for physical experience. When your body dies your consciousness continues FOREVER.

“In the last few moments before physical death, and as you die, you then experience yourself as consciousness free of form. Suddenly, there is no more fear, just peace and a knowing that ‘all is well’ and that death is only a form dissolving. Death is then recognized as ultimately illusory — as illusory as the form you had identified with as yourself.” — Eckhart Tolle, Stillness Speaks

The real you has no physical needs.

Your soul is a non-physical being — pure energy, pure awareness. It does not need food, it does not need shelter, and it does not need a job or money. Its existence does not depend on any of these things.

The real you cannot be harmed.

You are a thread of universal consciousness and consciousness cannot be harmed by anything. Your body can be harmed, but the consciousness that drives your body cannot be harmed. No matter what happens, the real you is completely unharmed.

While every experience leaves an impression on your awareness and your soul, nothing can ever permanently harm your soul, your true nature as a non-physical being, as pure awareness.

The real you is loved completely and unconditionally.

Your soul exists in higher planes of existence that are filled with love and bliss. Love and support are given and received unconditionally. The real you is loved ALWAYS.

The real you chose to incarnate in the Earth game.

Your soul chose to participate in the Earth game and the school of life. You scripted your life and its major themes. You knew it would be challenging, but you were excited to play because you knew that formative growth only comes from real challenges.

You were not concerned with the apparent danger of some of the challenges because you understood that it is just a game and the real you can never be harmed.

Shifting from Fear into Love

 Imagine if your response to everything in your reality and your world, whether it is a major disaster or a painful experience, was compassion for yourself and EVERYONE involved.

 Imagine if every experience in your past, which has encouraged you to respond in fear, was altered and erased, instead replaced by a response of compassion. What would that be like? What perspective would you have about the world and would fear even exist or be acknowledged by you?

With a history of compassionate responses, how would you react to or feel about areas of your current reality that are causing reactions of fear?

Maybe current situations would not even have been manifested by you.  Remember that resistance, frustration, anxiety, stress and concern are also aspects of fear.

There are many horrific circumstances where it might seem appropriate to react with fear, anger, and indignation. But imagine how healing it would be to react with compassion instead. It would allow the love and the light of the divine source to flow through you; it would open you to divine guidance and intervention.

Exercising compassion allows every situation to be illuminated with light, love, and peace for yourself and all of humanity. Imagine if every person chose to react with compassion — fear would disappear and kindness would blossom in its place.

From kindness love is born, the unconditional love of the divine source that can be widely and freely shared because its supply is unlimited. When the love of the divine source is present anything and everything is possible and able to manifest with ease and perfection.

Shifting your reaction from fear to compassion simply requires you to realize and be observant of a few points:

Your fear is illusory.

The lesser you, here on Earth — your egoic self — may be allowing fear to dominate its thoughts and manifest them into your reality, but the truth is that your soul and higher self know no fear. When you fully embrace this truth, it becomes much easier to let go of your fears.

By choosing to let go of any fears that arise in you, they can be released and erased. This can take some persistence because fears can be tenacious, but with constant focus on letting your fears go you will begin to feel a freedom birth within you, and as you taste this, it will become easier and easier to release your fears.

Through the desire to transcend your fears you are encouraging yourself to observe your fears free from judgement and attachment. Observing and being consciously aware of your fears is the most powerful tool to releasing the habit of fear because only through awareness is change possible.

With detachment from fear, you will be able to think and sense with greater clarity, and manifest with greater power.

Forgiveness

When you are aware that you have reacted and responded with fear be forgiving to yourself, know that fear is a conditioned habit; it will take time and dedication to shift this conditioning.

With awareness you can overcome your automatic fear reactions. Responding with forgiveness whenever you feel a fear reaction starting acts as an opening that allows you to express the higher energies, thought processes, and emotions of compassion.

With forgiveness, you encourage your detachment from fear and consciously choose to manifest a loving reality for yourself no matter what occurs and what challenges you face. Practice forgiveness regularly and you will notice a beautiful habit of forgiveness forming.

Compassion

There are many circumstances occurring on our world right now that are causing terror, pain, and suffering for those involved as well as those who are witnessing.

Many of these situations are manifesting because of the strong egos and lack of compassion of the individuals involved, and their inability to sense the love and guidance of their higher self (the divine presence). This causes them to inflict pain upon others.

When we view these horrific circumstances with a wider perspective, we recognize that these circumstances are acting as catalysts for positive shifts in many people. As pain and suffering are witnessed by those around the world, compassion is activated within many people.

This activation of compassion opens the individual to the flow of healing energy from their soul and the universe, raising the energetic frequency of our world and all of humanity. This heightened energy is then triggering many more to awaken to the truth of the wider reality and their higher selves.

The more you respond regularly to situations with forgiveness and compassion, the more you will deeply feel the peaceful energy that it produces within you, and in others, and the more you’ll want to share your compassion with yourself and others, birthing a beautiful new pattern within your thoughts, emotions, and the reality you manifest.

If you would like to help energize and manifest a world filled with compassion, please consider repeating the affirmation below regularly.

“With the support of Mother Earth and the Creator I now emanate from my soul sacred waves of light carrying compassion to empower the compassion of the Creator within every person upon the Earth. The Earth is a space of compassion and love eternally; this is our collective experience.”

Your heart is inviting you to be loving in every moment; it is through compassion and your conscious awareness of fear that you can encourage others to experience the profound love of the Creator, and contribute to the manifestation of a new reality — a reality characterized by cooperation, harmony, peace, and prosperity FOR ALL.

By Jeff Street, Guest writer

http://humansarefree.com/2017/11/nothing-to-fear-shifting-from-fear-to.html

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BREAKING: Remains of Buddha Found? 2,500-Year-Old Cremated Bones with Revealing Inscription Unearthed in China

Remains-of-Buddha-Found

 

In what could be an enormously significant finding for Buddhists around the world, archaeologists in China have unearthed an ancient ceramic box containing cremated human remains, which carries an inscription saying they belong to Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama.

Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha or “Enlightened One,” is probably one of the most influential individuals to come out of India through the founding of Buddhism.  He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BC.  According to the Mahaparinibbana Sutta of the Pali canon, at the age of 80, the Buddha announced that he would soon reach Parinirvana, or the final deathless state, and abandon his earthly body.

After his death, Buddha’s cremation relics are said to have been divided amongst 8 royal families and his disciples. Legends say that, centuries later, they were enshrined by King Ashoka into 84,000 stupas.  Many of the remains were supposedly taken to other countries.

The Death of the Buddha, a hanging scroll painting at the British Museum. Credit: Trustees of the British Museum

The Death of the Buddha, a hanging scroll painting at the British Museum. Credit: Trustees of the British Museum

Gathering of the Buddha

Around 1,000 years ago, two monks named Yunjiang and Zhiming, spent two decades gathering together the remains of the Buddha, which had been distributed around India and other countries.

Live Science reports that the newly-discovered box, which was unearthed in Jingchuan County, China, came with an inscription dated to June 22, 1013. It states

 

The monks Yunjiang and Zhiming of the Lotus School, who belonged to the Mañjuśrī Temple of the Longxing Monastery in Jingzhou Prefecture, gathered more than 2,000 pieces of śarīra [cremated remains of the Buddha], as well as the Buddha’s teeth and bones, and buried them in the Mañjuśrī Hall of this temple.
In order to promote Buddhism, they wanted to collect śarīra [Buddhist relics]. To reach this goal, both of them practiced the instruction of Buddhism during every moment of their lives for more than 20 years. Sometimes they received the śarīra from others’ donations; sometimes they found them by chance; sometimes they bought them from other places; and sometimes others gave them the śarīra to demonstrate their wholeheartedness.”
 

The ceramic box containing human remains believed to belong to Buddha. Credit: Chinese Cultural Relics

The ceramic box containing human remains believed to belong to Buddha. Credit: Chinese Cultural Relics

According to Live Science, archaeologists identified cremated human remains inside the ancient ceramic box, and while it is impossible to say with certainty whether they are indeed the remains of Siddhārtha Gautama, the 1,000-year-old inscription certainly suggests this is the case.

 

The discovery was first made back in December 2012 while a group of villagers were repairing roads. After years of archaeological excavations at the site, the historically significant finding was reported in Chinese in 2016. Now, the discovery has reached the English-speaking world for the first time in the journal Chinese Cultural Relics.

Top image: A statue of Buddha (CC by SA 4.0)

 

The Passetto: Escape Route of Popes in Times Past

inside-the-Passetto

The Passetto di Borgo (also known simply as the Passetto, which may be translated as a small passage) is a corridor that connects the Vatican City, more specifically St. Peter’s Basilica, with the Castel Sant’ Angelo. This passageway is found on top of the old Vatican wall, and was used by the popes as a secret escape route in times of trouble. One of the most well-known incidents when the Passetto was used happened in 1527, when Rome was sacked, and the pope, Clement VII, was forced to flee from his residence to the safety of the Castel Sant’ Angelo via this secret passageway.

Old Wall

The walls on which the Passetto was built on is said to date back to the second half of the 6th century AD. In 576, the king of the Ostrogoths, Totila, had taken Rome, and decided to build a low wall by the tomb of Hadrian, linking it to the city walls built by Aurelian three centuries before. Additionally, the tomb was transformed into a fortress. This ancient wall, however, crumbled shortly after, and only a few stone blocks of this structure has survived till this day.

Totila razes the walls of Florence: illumination from the Chigi ms of Villani's Cronica.

Totila razes the walls of Florence: illumination from the Chigi ms of Villani’s Cronica. (Public Domain)

New Wall

Construction of a new wall began following the coronation of Charlemagne as Emperor by Pope Leo III in 800 AD. As Rome was considered the religious capital of his empire, Charlemagne ordered that a wall be built to defend the tomb of St. Peter. It seems that this wall too did not last long, as the people of Rome tore it down shortly after the death of Leo III in 816. The people of the city were fearful that should the Castel Sant’ Angelo be turned into a new center of power under the rule of the pope and the emperor, Rome’s autonomy would be eroded.

The Passetto.

The Passetto. Photo source: (Public Domain)

As St. Peter’s Basilica lacked a defensive wall, it was easily attacked by Saracen pirates on two occasions, the first being in 830, whilst the second took place 16 years later. By comparison, the rest of Rome was effectively protected from the pirates by the walls built by Aurelian. As a result of these attacks, Pope Leo IV, who is claimed to have been urged by the emperor, Lothair I, had a defensive wall built around the basilica and its grounds around 850. This wall measured about 3 km (1.8 mi) in length, and had 44 towers.

The view from Castel Sant'Angelo towards Vatican City where the wall can be seen.

The view from Castel Sant’Angelo towards Vatican City where the wall can be seen. (CC BY 3.0)

Permanent Wall Connections

The Passetto was not part of Leo IV’s design, and was a later addition. It was in 1377, after the popes’ return to Rome following their self-exile in Avignon, France, that the idea of the Passetto was conceived. The popes realized that a connection between their residence and the Castel Sant’ Angelo was important, should they need to flee to safety.

Castel Sant’Angelo from the bridge. The top statue depicts the angel from whom the building derives its name. (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Thus, it was Pope Nicholas III, who reigned between 1277 and 1280, who had the first walkway built on top of the portion of the wall that connected St. Peter’s Basilica and the Castel Sant’ Angelo. Some further alterations were carried out by Pope Alexander VI towards the end of the 15th century.

Pope Nicholas III Cameo

Pope Nicholas III Cameo (Public Domain)

Sack of Rome

The Passetto was most famously used by Pope Clement VII when Rome was sacked in 1527. On May 6 of that year, the landsknecht, who were German mercenaries, entered and sacked Rome. These mercenaries were based in the north of Italy, and were threatening mutiny due to a lack of provisions and pay.

Sebastiano del Piombo (Italian) - Pope Clement VII.

Sebastiano del Piombo (Italian) – Pope Clement VII. (Public Domain)

Although a sum of 100,000 ducats was paid, the landsknecht nevertheless marched against Rome. They arrived before the city walls on the 5th of May, which were left almost undefended, as an attack from this army was not expected. For eight days, Rome was sacked. The pope, however, survived, as he was led by the Swiss Guard across the Passetto to the safety of the Castel Sant’ Angelo. Of the 189 Swiss Guards on duty that day, only 42 survived.

Sack of Rome of 1527.

Sack of Rome of 1527. (Public Domain)

The Passetto Today

In the following centuries, the Passetto was neither used by the popes, nor opened to visitors. Nevertheless, the Swiss Guards always kept a key ready for the pope, in the event of an emergency. In 2000, the Passetto was renovated and temporarily reopened, in honor of the Jubilee Year. Today, the Passetto is open to visitors for a limited time each summer.

The southern side of the "Passetto" seen from the Borgo S. Angelo.

The southern side of the “Passetto” seen from the Borgo S. Angelo. (Public Domain)

As most of the passageway is said to have become unsteady and insecure over the centuries, only small groups are allowed to visit, and such visits have to be booked in advance.

Featured image: View of inside the Passetto, the secret passage between Vatican City and Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome, Italy. (CC BY-SA 3.0)

 

References

Atlas Obscura, 2016. Passetto di Borgo. [Online]
Available at: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/passetto-di-borgo

roma.andreapollett.com, 2016. The Passetto. [Online]
Available at: http://roma.andreapollett.com/S1/roma-c7.htm

Thurston, H., 1908. Pope Clement VII. [Online]
Available at: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04024a.htm

www.romereports.com, 2009. The Passetto di Borgo, secret passageway of the popes. [Online]
Available at: http://www.romereports.com/2009/07/27/the-passetto-di-borgo-secret-passageway-of-the-popes

ARE WE LIVING IN A COMPUTER SIMULATED UNIVERSE?

 



Just Imagine what would happen if we all were trapped in a Computer Game,and were just designed to perform specific tasks,our body and actions were controlled by someone else,probably by one who is more intelligent than us,then what would be the scenerio?Is it Possible?

Hold Your Breath…..

Firstly,Let’s understand…..

WHAT IS SIMULATION HYPOTHESIS?

According to this Hypothesis…

“Reality is not real,its just an illusion,or just a Simulation,most probably a computer simulation”



This Hypothesis gives rise to an unbelievable theory,which is quite hard to believe but somewhere,somewhat it can be true.This Hypothesis suggests that we all are living in a programmed universe,in which each and every single thing,is programmed.

It is believed that,we all are living in a computer simulated world,designed by our future Generation.Our actions are under Guidance.They would probably,have the ability to run many such simulations.

According to Moderator,Neil deGrasse Tyson,a direction of the museum’s Hayden Planetarium,He will put the odds at 50-50,that our entire existence is a program on someone else’s Hard Drive.“I Think the Likelihood may be very High”.
He explained the gap between Humans and our ancestors chimpanzee intelligence,despite the fact that we share almost 98% of our DNA.
Somewhere,Somewhat, there would be someone,who is more powerful and more intelligent than our own.


“If that’s the case,it is easy for me to imagine,that everything in our lives is just the creation of some other entity for their entertainment”he added.

There are many other theories also,that may force us to think,that we are programmed and living in a computer simulated Universe.

For example,the more we explore about the happening of our galaxy,planets,more they seems to obey mathematical law.

As per Max Tegmark,a cosmologist at MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,if he was a character in a computer game,he would also discover that the rules seemed completely rigid and mathematical.That just reflects the computer code in which it was written.”If it turns out tha we really are living in a version of “THE MATRIX”,though,so what?”
May be we are living in a simulation,may be we are not,but if we are its not so bad.

“My advice is to go out and do really interesting things,so,the simulators wont shut you down”he added.

BUT WHAT WE CONCLUDED?

After going through all these theories and believes,We can not deny the SIMULATION HYPOTHESIS in one go.
However,it may be hard to believe,but,Yes,there is 50% probability that we all are living in a COMPUTER SIMULATED UNIVERSE.

¿Qué es lo que realmente está escondido en los archivos secretos del Vaticano?

Vatican-Secret-Archives

El misterio y la intriga son inherentes a la Santa Sede. La gente siempre se preguntará qué autoridades religiosas están conspirando a puertas cerradas, qué tesoros se encuentran dentro de las bóvedas del Vaticano. A pesar de las afirmaciones de que el Papa tiene pruebas de extraterrestres y demonios escondidos en sus catacumbas, la verdad de los archivos secretos es mucho más realista. Debido a esto, también es mucho más interesante. De las cartas escritas a mano de personajes históricos como Mary Queen of Scotts y Abraham Lincoln a los toros papales excomulgando a Martín Lutero, el contenido de los archivos es suficiente para hacer que los ojos de cualquier erudito se abran. Sin embargo, la naturaleza de alto nivel que hace que el contenido tan fascinante es también lo que los hace tan estrechamente guardado. En realidad, no es evidencia de extraterrestres que el Vaticano se esconda del ojo público, sino documentos que pueden mostrar que la Iglesia fue cómplice del terror patrocinado por el estado de Mussolini y, posiblemente, incluso en los pogromos antisemitas de Hitler.

Archivum Secretum

La verdad detrás de los archivos secretos proviene de una traducción errónea del latín. El nombre real de los archivos del Vaticano es Archivum Secretum Apostolicum Vaticanum. ‘Secretum’ en latín no significa ‘secreto’ como algunos pueden suponer. Se traduce más exactamente como “personal” o “privado”. De hecho, los archivos están formados por las cartas privadas y los registros históricos de los últimos papas durante los últimos cuatro siglos. Los archivos fueron establecidos por el Papa Pablo V. El Papa claramente tenía un sentido de la importancia histórica de la correspondencia papal y sabía que tales documentos deben ser preservados. Sin embargo, el siglo 17 fue firmemente de la mentalidad de que la gente común no debe estar al tanto de las palabras intercambiadas por los reyes y los papas. Así que los archivos se mantuvieron bajo llave.

Acceso a los Archivos Privados

No fue hasta 1881 que el Papa León XIII permitió a los investigadores ver algunos de los contenidos del archivo. Sin embargo, no era fácil para uno ver los documentos y el procedimiento no ha cambiado mucho en los últimos 200 años. En primer lugar, los periodistas, los estudiantes y los historiadores aficionados no tienen acceso. Una vez que una parte interesada ha demostrado que él o ella es un erudito lo suficientemente serio, las credenciales se conceden que debe renovarse cada seis meses. Para ingresar a los archivos, “los estudiosos entran por la Porta Sant’Anna, pasan guardias suizos, recorren el Cortile del Belvedere y presentan credenciales” (O’Loughlin, 2014).

Porta-Sant-Anna

La Porta Sant Anna, donde los visitantes deben pasar para llegar a los archivos (Wikimedia Commons)

Una vez admitidos, los académicos deben solicitar qué documentos específicos desean revisar. Sólo se les permite solicitar tres por día. Así que en lugar de poder navegar por el contenido del archivo, deben seleccionar los artículos de los catálogos en los que los elementos se escriben a mano en italiano o latín. Estos catálogos son bastante imponentes considerando que los archivos contienen “50 millas [80km] de estanterías y documentos que datan del siglo VIII” (Keyser, 2015). “Si en pocos minutos se dan cuenta de que lo que buscan no está en las carpetas solicitadas, se ven obligados a hacer las maletas para el día, un desafío para los académicos en un plazo o para quienes han viajado largas distancias” ( O’Loughlin, 2014). Las computadoras están permitidas, pero no la fotografía, por lo que los expertos pasan la mayor parte de las sesiones en las salas de lectura escribiendo notas.

Gemas históricas

Si una persona es lo suficientemente afortunada como para tener acceso a los Archivos del Vaticano, podría perseguir joyas históricas como:

El pergamino de 60 metros que contiene los minutos de las pruebas de los Caballeros Templarios, que duró varios años a partir de 1307.

El Inter caetera, la bula papal emitida por el Papa Alejandro VI en 1493 que dividió el mundo entre los españoles y los portugueses

Una carta de Miguel Ángel al Papa Julio II

La bula papal de 1521 del Papa León X excomulgando a Martín Lutero

La petición de Enrique VIII de 1530 envió al Papa Clemente VII para pedir la anulación del matrimonio del rey con Catalina de Aragón, que incluye las firmas y sellos de más de 80 señores y clérigos ingleses (el Papa se negó)

Una carta al Papa Sixto V de María, reina de los escoceses, pidiendo a la Iglesia que intervenga poco antes de su ejecución

Notas relativas al juicio de 1633 contra Galileo

Una carta al Papa Inocencio X de la Gran Emperatriz Viuda Helena Wang de China

Una carta del Papa Clemente XII al Séptimo Dalai Lama pidiendo protección a los misioneros franciscanos en el Tíbet.

Cartas de ambos Abraham Lincoln y Jefferson Davis (ambos escritos en 1863, ni el hombre católico) en los esfuerzos para que el Papa Pío IX caiga a favor de la Unión o la Confederación

King-Henry-VIII-to-Anne-Boleyn

Una carta del rey Enrique VIII a Ana Bolena, que se celebra en el archivo del Vaticano (dominio público)

Papa Pío XII en Liga con los nazis?

David Kertzer, un historiador de la Universidad de Brown, pudo examinar documentos del reinado de Pío XI (1922-1939). Concluyó que el papa “hizo tratos con Mussolini para proteger el interés de la Iglesia a cambio del silencio sobre el antisemitismo patrocinado por el estado, una conclusión en desacuerdo con el relato de la Iglesia” (O’Loughlin, 2014). Los grupos están presionando al Papa Francisco para poner plenamente a disposición los contenidos relacionados con el Papa Pío XII (1939 – 1958) para que el mundo pueda finalmente saber con certeza el compromiso del hombre con los nazis. Algunos dicen que apoyó a Hitler, bien de una manera similar al apoyo de la Iglesia a Mussolini, o quizá incluso más sustancialmente. Otros dicen que el Papa trabajó contra los nazis y ayudó a esconder judíos y otros objetivos de la agresión nazi.

“La gente habla, los expertos hablan. ¿Hay cosas que no están disponibles porque son vistos como poco halagadores desde el punto de vista de la Iglesia? “, Dijo Kertzer. Sin embargo, admite Kertzer, los Archivos Secretos son atendidos por profesionales y “hay una apreciación de una seria erudición histórica” ​​(O’Loughlin, 2014).

En 2012, en conmemoración del 400 aniversario de los archivos, se pusieron a disposición del público 100 documentos en una exposición llamada Lux in Arcana.

Lux-in-Arcana

Lux in Arcana – Los archivos secretos del Vaticano se revelan.

Crédito: El Vaticano Imagen superior: Algunas de las 50 millas de estanterías en el archivo secreto del Vaticano Foto: El Vaticano

Por Kerry Sullivan

 

The Guardian. “In Pictures: Secrets of the Vatican Archives.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 16 Sept. 2010. Web. https://www.theguardian.com/books/gallery/2010/sep/08/vatican-secret-archives-pope.

Keyser, Hannah. “15 Historic Wonders Housed in the Vatican’s Secret Archives. “Mental Floss. Mental Floss, Inc., 15 May 2015. Web. http://mentalfloss.com/article/63850/15-historic-wonders-housed-vaticans-secret-archives.

O’Loughlin, Michael. “What’s Hidden in the Vatican Secret Archives?” Crux. Crux Catholic Media Inc., 01 Sept. 2014. Web. https://cruxnow.com/church/2014/09/01/whats-hidden-in-the-vatican-archives/.

 

What Really Lies Hidden in the Vatican Secret Archives?

Vatican-Secret-Archives

 

Mystery and intrigue are inherent to the Holy See. People will always wonder what religious authorities are conspiring to behind closed doors, what treasures lie within the vaults of the Vatican. Despite claims that the Pope has evidence of extraterrestrials and demons tucked away in his catacombs, the truth of the secret archives is much more realistic. Because of this, it is also much more interesting. From handwritten letters of historic personages such as Mary Queen of Scotts and Abraham Lincoln to papal bulls excommunicating Martin Luther, the contents of the archives are enough to make any scholar’s eyes go wide. Yet, the high-level nature that makes the contents so fascinating is also what makes them so closely guarded. For in truth, it is not evidence of aliens that the Vatican is hiding from the public eye but rather documents that may show the Church was complicit in Mussolini’s state-sponsored terror and, possibly, even in Hitler’s anti-Semitic pogroms.

 

Archivum Secretum

The truth behind the secret archives stems from a mistranslation of Latin. The actual name of the Vatican archives is Archivum Secretum Apostolicum Vaticanum. ‘Secretum’ in Latin does not mean ‘secret’ as some may suppose. It is more accurately translated to mean ‘personal’ or ‘private’. The archives are in fact made up of the private letters and historic records of past popes over the past four centuries. The archives were established by Pope Paul V. The Pope clearly had a sense of the historic importance of papal correspondence and knew that such documents should be preserved. However, the 17th century was firmly of the mentality that common people should not be privy to words exchanged by kings and popes. So the archives were kept under lock and key.

Accessing the Private Archives

It was not until 1881 that Pope Leo XIII allowed researchers to view some of the archive’s contents. However, it was no simple matter for one to view the documents and the procedure has not changed much over the last 200 years. First of all, journalists, students, and amateur historians are not given access. Once an interested party has proven that he or she is a serious enough scholar, credentials are granted that must be renewed every six months. To enter the archives, a “scholars enter through the Porta Sant’Anna, pass Swiss Guards, walk through the Cortile del Belvedere, and present credentials” (O’Loughlin, 2014).

Porta-Sant-Anna

 

The Porta Sant Anna, where visitors must pass through to reach the archives (Wikimedia Commons)

Once admitted, scholars must request which specific documents they wish to review. They are only allowed to request three per day. So instead of being able to browse the contents of the archive, they must select articles from catalogs in which items are handwritten in Italian or Latin. These catalogs are quite imposing considering that the archives contain “50 miles [80km] of shelving and documents dating back to the eighth century” (Keyser, 2015). “If in just a few minutes they realize that what they’re seeking isn’t in the requested folders, they’re forced to pack up for the day – a challenge for scholars on a deadline or those who have traveled long distances” (O’Loughlin, 2014). Computers are allowed but not photography so scholars spend most of the sessions in reading rooms typing up notes.

 

Historical Gems

If a person is fortunate enough to gain access to the Vatican Archives, he or she would be able to pursue such historical gems as:

  • The 197-foot-long (60 meters) scroll containing the minutes of the trials of the Knights Templar, which lasted for several years starting in 1307.
  • The Inter caetera, the papal bull issued by Pope Alexander VI in 1493 that split the world between the Spanish and the Portuguese
  • A letter from Michelangelo to Pope Julius II
  • The 1521 papal bull of Pope Leo X excommunicating Martin Luther
  • The 1530 petition Henry VIII sent to Pope Clement VII in order to request an annulment of the king’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon, which includes the signatures and seals of over 80 English lords and clergymen (the Pope refused)
  • A letter to Pope Sixtus V from Mary, Queen of Scots begging the Church to intervene shortly before her execution
  • Notes relating to the 1633 trial against Galileo
  • A letter to Pope Innocent X from Grand Empress Dowager Helena Wang of China
  • A letter from Pope Clement XII to the Seventh Dalai Lama requesting protection for Franciscan missionaries in Tibet.
  • Letters from both Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis (both written in 1863, neither man Catholic) in efforts to have Pope Pius IX come down in favor of the Union or the Confederacy
  • King-Henry-VIII-to-Anne-Boleyn

 

A letter from King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn, held in the Vatican archive (public domain)

Pope Pius XII in League with the Nazis?

David Kertzer, a historian from Brown University, was able to examine documents from the reign of Pope Pius XI (1922 – 1939). He concluded that the pope “made deals with Mussolini to protect the Church’s interest in exchange for silence on state-sponsored anti-Semitism, a conclusion at odds with the Church’s account” (O’Loughlin, 2014). Groups are pressuring Pope Francis to make fully available the contents relating to Pope Pius XII (1939 – 1958) in order that the world may finally know for certain the man’s involvement with the Nazis. Some say that he supported Hitler, either in a manner similar to the Church’s support of Mussolini or perhaps even more substantially. Others say that the Pope worked against the Nazis and helped to hide Jews and other targets of Nazi aggression.

“People talk, scholars talk. Are there things that aren’t being made available because they’re seen as unflattering from a Church point of view?” said Kertzer. Still, Kertzer admits, the Secret Archives are staffed by professionals, and “there’s an appreciation of serious historical scholarship.” (O’Loughlin, 2014)

In 2012, in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the archives, 100 documents were made available for the public to see in an exhibit called Lux in Arcana.

Lux-in-Arcana

Lux in Arcana – The Vatican Secret Archives Reveals Itself. Credit: The Vatican

Top image: Some of the 50 miles of bookshelves in the Vatican secret archive Photo: The Vatican

By Kerry Sullivan

Sources:

The Guardian. “In Pictures: Secrets of the Vatican Archives.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 16 Sept. 2010. Web. https://www.theguardian.com/books/gallery/2010/sep/08/vatican-secret-archives-pope.

Keyser, Hannah. “15 Historic Wonders Housed in the Vatican’s Secret Archives. “Mental Floss. Mental Floss, Inc., 15 May 2015. Web. http://mentalfloss.com/article/63850/15-historic-wonders-housed-vaticans-secret-archives.

O’Loughlin, Michael. “What’s Hidden in the Vatican Secret Archives?” Crux. Crux Catholic Media Inc., 01 Sept. 2014. Web. https://cruxnow.com/church/2014/09/01/whats-hidden-in-the-vatican-archives/.

Sinister Sites: The Sansevero Chapel

kapella-san-severo-e1495738835602

Local legends about the Sansevero Chapel of Naples claim that the astonishing works of art it contains are the result of sorcery and black magic. The sculptures appear impossible to create by hand, while a macabre display featuring two actual human bodies is said to be the result of ritual killings. Also, adding to the occult aura surrounding the chapel, it is filled with Masonic symbolism.

At first glance, Capella Sansevero is your typical Italian chapel from the 17th century, tastefully filled with paintings and sculptures of a religious nature. However, a closer look at the various items in the chapel reveals that something is “off” about this place. Some sculptures are so “organic-looking” that they lead many to believe they were the result of a supernatural process. Furthermore, the enigmatic symbolism found around the chapel heavily hints to an allegorical esoteric message.

And, when visitors climb down a few stairs, they see this:

What the?

The chapel has on display two actual human remains with their entire nervous system on display. Creepily dubbed “Adam and Eve” – and even more creepily referred to as “anatomical machines” – this bizarre display has been the subject of all kinds of occult rumors.

To fully understand what is going on with the chapel, one must understand its creator: Raimondo di Sangro, the Prince of Sansevero. While he was considered a brilliant inventor and philosopher by many, others believed that he was a cruel black magician who killed people to conduct bizarre experiments.

A visit to his Sansevero Chapel gives credence to both points of view as it puts on display all of di Sangro’s alchemical genius … and madness. Before looking at the bizarre works of art on display at the chapel, let’s first look at the man behind it all.

Raimondo di Sangro, the “Sorcerer Prince”

From the age of 10, di Sangro was educated at the Jesuit College of Rome. In 1730, at age 20, he came back to Naples using the title “Prince of Sansevero”. He soon joined the ranks of occult secret societies.

“In spite of the religious training that he had received with the Jesuits, the young man soon joined the secret brotherhood of the Rosicrucians, where he was initiated into ancient alchemic rituals, the so called “sacred art” or “king’s art” which had been handed down through the centuries from Egyptian priest to their disciples. Don Raimondo had found his life calling. While maintaining the outmost silence about “his brothers” and the teachings he was receiving (he left no documents whatsoever on the activities of the mysterious sect) the Prince radically changed his life and devoted all his time to alchemy. Vials, ovens and alembics filled the cellar of his palace and at nighttime it was not rare to see strange, colored vapors and disgusting smells coming out of the barred windows of his cellar. It was at that time that Neapolitans started labeling him a sorcerer.”
– Rino Di Stefano, Raimondo de Sangro,
the “Sorcerer” Prince

Di Sangro introduced Freemasonry to his city as he became the head of the Neapolitan Masonic Lodge. This fact, combined with his knack for presenting peculiar inventions, such as an “eternal flame” made from a chemical compound of his creation and human skull bones, only grew the legend surrounding Di Sangro.

“Prince Raimondo di Sangro was known as an eccentric, enigmatic, and mystical man. He was the head of the Neapolitan Masonic lodge, the symbols of which are interspersed throughout the chapel, and was a student of numerous areas of the sciences, as well as alchemy and other mystical disciplines. He also spoke several exotic languages such as Hebrew and Arabic and was an inventor, some of his inventions of which were rather bizarre, such as a mechanized carriage with wooden horses that was said to be able to travel over both land and water. These eccentricities led to the Prince garnering a reputation as a practitioner of wizardry and black magic, and rumors abounded that he performed sinister magical rituals, human sacrifices, and curses. It was also said that he could perform great feats of alchemy, such as creating blood out of water or even thin air, and that he used the various body parts of his sacrificed victims in his odious spells and potions. The Prince was said to lock himself away for days on end and perform demented experiments on human beings, such as reanimating the dead. These dark rumors and legends that swirled around the Prince made him into a man to be feared and avoided; a larger than life black sorcerer who could bend magical and natural forces to his will. The Prince did little to deny these rumors and it is thought that he even encouraged them.”
– Brent Swancer, The Bizarre Anatomical Machines of Italy

One of di Sangro’s many “hobbies” was Bel Canto, which means “beautiful singing”. Sounds good, doesn’t it? Who doesn’t appreciate beautiful singing?

However, for di Sangro, “Bel Canto” means buying little boys from impoverished parents, castrating them and forcing them to sing.

“In spite of his being acquainted with the pleasures of family life and having children (…), the Prince enjoyed going around his many estates looking for young boys with beautiful voices. Usually he would find them in the church choir. Then he would “buy” them from their parents (usually poor, illiterate peasants who had many children) and had his personal physician, don Giuseppe Salerno, castrate them. He would then lock them up in the Conservatory of Jesus Christ’s Poor in Naples, where these young castrated boys started their careers as “sopranist”.
(…)

He saw in the castrati a search for perfection, which according to the Rosicrucians resulted from “annulling the dualism that comes from separation, a return to the primordial androgynous being”.
– Ibid.

As di Sangro’s reputation grew, and his writings gained publicity, he made powerful friends and powerful enemies. His involvement with Freemasonry lead to his writings being banned and for him to be ex-communicated by the Catholic Church.

He spent the later days of his life decorating the Sansevero Chapel, turning this small place into a grandiose representation of the “alchemical and Masonic path to illumination”.

A Mysterious Occult Temple

Before it was transformed by Raimondo di Sangro, the Sansevero Chapel was already the subject of bizarre rumors. It was said to have been constructed on an old temple of Isis and, to prove this fact, locals point to a massive Statue of the God of the Nile, located just around the corner from his home.

The Statue of the God of the Nile in Naples.

Adding to the sinister factor, the Palazzo Sansevero was the scene of a brutal murder at the end of the 16th century, when the composer Carlo Gesualdo caught his wife and her lover together and hacked them to death in their bed. Up until 1888, a passageway connected Palazzo Sansevero to the Sansevero chapel.

However, it is when Raimondo di Sangro turned this chapel into an alchemical project that the site became an attraction, especially in occult circles. Other than the enigmatic “hidden message” of the chapel, it is the works of art that mystify visitors. They appear to daringly declare: “I was an occultist and this is what I could do”.

The works of art in the Sansevero Chapel are indeed unique, powerful and unsettling, forcing visitors to ask: “How did he do that”? And, when one knows the esoteric and alchemical background of the Prince, observing them leads to the question: “Was this done through an occult process?”

The most compelling example of this is The Veiled Christ. Set in the middle of the chapel, this sculpture of Christ covered by a thin veiled has an unnerving quality: How was this marble sculpture made using a block of stone and a chisel? The veil is too … real.

“Veiled Christ”
A closeup of the face.

“Completed in 1753 by Giuseppe Sanmartino and commissioned by Raimondo di Sangro, it portrays Christ deposed after crucifixion, covered by a transparent veil. This veil is rendered with such subtlety as to be almost deceiving to the eye, and the effect seen in person is really striking: one gets the impression that the “real” sculpture is lying underneath, and that the shroud could be easily grabbed and lifted.

It’s precisely because of Sanmartino’s extraordinary virtuosity in sculpting the veil that a legend surrounding this Christ dies hard – fooling from time to time even specialized magazines and otherwise irreproachable art websites.

Legend has it that prince Raimondo di Sangro, who commissioned the work, actually fabricated the veil himself, laying it down over Sanmartino’s sculpture and petrifying it with an alchemic method of his own invention; hence the phenomenal liquidness of the drapery, and the “transparence” of the tissue.”
– Bizarrobazar, The Mystery of Chapel Sansevero

For centuries, a “black legend” surrounded this sculpture and others in the chapel that held that the Prince used a mysterious alchemical process to “marbelize” a fine cloth placed over the sculpture.

Veiled Christ from above.

Some observers noticed a troubling detail about that sculpture: Christ appears to still be breathing.

“There may be another small “anomaly” in this Veiled Christ, as there is a slight indentation over the nostril, as if the shroud is being sucked in by breath – is this “dead Jesus” alive? Did di Sangro believe that Jesus had not died on the Cross? If so, perhaps he was not only a Mason, but a member of another, even more mysterious, order?

Jesus disappeared from his tomb – but he is not alone. The Prince’s tombstone can still be seen in the chapel. He died on March 22, 1771, “from a sudden illness caused by his mechanic experiments”. During the long nights he spent in his laboratory he had probably inhaled or ingested some toxic substance, which this time had indeed become lethal. His sarcophagus, however, does not contain his body; someone stole it. When or why is not known.

Raimondo had a plaque placed in the chapel, stating that the person who commissioned those works (i.e. himself) was moved by a desire “to astonish, discover and teach”.
– Phillip Coppens, The Alchemical Chapel

On the left of Veiled Christ is The Chastity, a sculpture modeled after di Sangro’s mother Cecilia Caetani d’Aragona. The naked woman is covered from head to toe by a thin veil which reveals her forms in every detail. This work of art is, once again, another “supernatural” feat of sculpture. How can this effect be achieved using marble?

The Chastity.
A close-up shot.

“The Chastity (La Pudicizia) by Corradini, with its drapery veiling the female character as if it was transparent, is another “mystery” of sculpting technique, where the stone seems to have lost its weight, becoming ethereal and almost floating. Imagine how the artist started his work from a squared block of marble, how his mind’s eye “saw” this figure inside of it, how he patiently removed all which didn’t belong, freeing the figure from the stone little by little, smoothing the surface, refining, chiselling every wrinkle of her veil.”
– Op. Cit, Bizarrobazar.

Although the statue was modeled after di Sangro’s mother, it is clearly a tribute to the most important figure in Freemasonry: Veiled Isis.

“The veiled woman can be interpreted as an allegory of Wisdom, and the reference to the veiled Isis, special divinity of the science of initiation.”
– Made in South Italy, The Alchemist Chapel

Indeed, in occult symbolism, Veiled Isis is the ultimate representation of occult mysteries where the truth is veiled to the profane until true esoteric initiation.

“The mysteries of Hermeticism, the great spiritual truths hidden from the world by the ignorance of the world, and the keys of the secret doctrines of the ancient philosophers, are all symbolized by the Virgin Isis. Veiled from head to foot, she reveals her wisdom only to the tried and initiated few who have earned the right to enter her sacred presence, tear from the veiled of Nature its shroud of obscurity, and stand face to face with the Divine Reality. (…)

To the modern seeker she is the epitome of the Great Unknown, and only those who unveil her will be able to solve the mysteries of life, death, generation, and regeneration.”
– Manly P. Hall, The Secret Teachings of All Ages

Locals claim that The Chastity is placed exactly where a statue of Isis stood, back when the chapel was a temple of Isis.

On the opposite side of The Chastity is Disillusionment, another perplexing sculpture infused with profound symbolism. Modeled after the Prince’s father Antonio di Sangro, it depicts a man struggling to free himself from a net as he is being helped by a winged youth.

Disullisionnement by Francesco Queirolo.
A close-up shot.

Once again, a mystery surrounds this sculpture: How can a net be sculpted over a body that appears to have been already sculpted underneath? Was an alchemical process used to achieve this astonishing result?

Not unlike The Chasity, this sculpture is an allegory for a fundamental Masonic concept: The freeing of Man using the intellect.

“Its allegorical meaning is that man is intent on freeing himself from false beliefs (the net) with the aid of the intellect (the young man).”
– Rino Di Stefano, “San Severo”

Although there are several other sculptures in the chapel, the three above clearly stand out and are connected with their mysterious organic qualities. Furthermore, these three sculptures constitute an “esoteric triangle”. With The Chastity on the left (representing the female principle), Disillusionment on the right (representing the male principle) and Veiled Christ in the middle (representing the “perfected man”), the sculptures esoterically represent the most fundamental hermetic principle: Duality merging to create a perfected being.

In occult circles, this concept is personified by Isis and Osiris uniting to create Horus – the perfect being.

In my article about Sirius, I write:

“To achieve perfection, the initiate must successfully understand and internalize the dual nature of the world (good and evil; masculine and feminine; black and white, etc.) through alchemical metamorphosis. This concept is symbolically represented by the union of Osiris and Isis (the male and female principles) to give birth to Horus, the star-child, the Christ-like figure, the perfected man of Freemasonry – who is equated with the Blazing Star.”

The original floor of the chapel also heavily plays on the concept of duality and esoteric initiation.

The original floor of the chapel before it was changed in 1909.

The original floor was in black and white – meant to represent duality and the unification of opposing forces – not unlike the checkerboard floor found in all Masonic lodges. The intricate, tri-dimensional design depicts a labyrinth – a masonic symbol for initiation.

“Labyrinths and mazes were favored places of initiation among many ancient cults. Remains of these mystic mazes have been found among the American Indians, Hindus, Persians, Egyptians, and Greeks. (…) The famous labyrinth of Crete, in which roamed the bull-headed Minotaur, was unquestionably a place of initiation into the Cretan Mysteries.

Labyrinths were symbolic of the involvements and illusions of the lower world through which wanders the soul of man in its search for truth.”
– Hall, op. cit.

Just like duality opposes black and white, the sublime works of art described above are opposed to a morbid and sinister display: The Anatomical Machines.

Adam and Eve

The two “anatomical machines” on display at Capella Sansevero.

What the heck are those things might you ask? Well, they’re exactly what you’re hoping they are not. And maybe worse.

This exhibit consists of two actual skeletons of a mature male and a pregnant woman. Their entire nervous system is exposed, where the arteries are colored red and the veins are colored blue.

A closeup of the woman’s head.

The fetus of the pregnant woman was on also originally on display but the specimen mysteriously disappeared.

The macabre display.

How did Raimondo di Sangro preserve the nervous system of these human remains? Well, that’s a mystery that keeps on being mysterious. And, once again, a “dark legend” surrounds these “anatomical machines”.

It was indeed rumored that “Adam and Eve” were two servants of di Sangro who were injected with a substance that crystallized their nervous system – killing them in the process. Here’s a dramatic account of the legend:

“The Prince, just like a sorcerer, is stirring the preparation in a big cauldron. Eventually, the long-awaited reaction takes place: a mysterious liquid is ready. On the other side of the room, the two bound and gagged servants can’t even scream anymore. The man is sobbing, while the woman, even immobilized, stays vigilant and alert — perhaps the new life she carries in her womb prevents her from giving in to fear, commanding an already impossible defense. The Prince hasn’t got much time, he has to act quickly. He pours the liquid down a strange pump, then he gets close to his victims: in their eyes he sees an unnameable terror. He starts with the man, puncturing the jugular vein and injecting the liquid right into his bloodstream with a syringe. The heart will pump the preparation throughout the body, and the Prince watches the agonizing man’s face as the dense poison begins to circulate. There, it’s all done: the servant is dead. It will take two to three hours for the mixture to solidify, and surely more than a month for the putrified flesh to fall off the skeleton and the network of veins, arteries and capillaries the process turned into marble. Now it’s the woman’s turn.”
– bizzarrobazar, The mysteries of Sansevero Chapel

While recent “studies” claim that di Sangro artificially recreated the nervous systems of these bodies using wire and beeswax, I find this difficult to believe. I mean, just look at the closeup pictures above. How can a man create that complex system manually?

“These two skeletons are overlaid with a complex, twisting network of metal tendrils and hardened arteries and veins which represent the arterial system, viscera and musculature of human beings with amazing, meticulous accuracy. The skulls of the two figures are hinged, and can be opened to reveal an incredibly detailed spiderweb of blood vessels within. Upon their unveiling, the disturbing models were so mystifying and grotesque that it was believed that the dark Prince had actually used his black magic and alchemy on some of his unwilling servants to morph them into these abominations.

Regardless of whether they are the result of black magic or not, Adam and Eve present a number of very real mysteries, not the least of which is how they were made in the first place. For years the method of construction was the source of bafflement among scientists and doctors. Were the intricate hardened circulatory systems real, and if so how did they remain so remarkably well preserved for over 200 years? Were they artificial? If so, how could they be reproduced so faithfully? Since there was little to no documentation as to the original creation of the anatomical machines, these were questions for which the answers long remained elusive. The main theory was that the two anatomical machines were created through a process known as plasticization, or “human metallization,” which involves injecting substances directly into the circulatory systems of subjects while they were still living, after which these materials would travel along the veins and harden, painfully killing the unfortunate victim in the process. However, no one really knew for sure.”
– Op Cit. Swancer

No matter what the case may be, these anatomical machines aren’t simply there to freak out visitors. They are also said to serve a symbolic purpose in the alchemical “great work” that is the chapel.

Through various clues, it is believed that the anatomical machines represent the last stage of the alchemical process called Rubedo – the reddening – symbolized by a red phoenix rising from its ashes. Interesting fact: The “machines” were originally on display in a room called The Phoenix.

“the originary placement of the “anatomical machines”, inside the Phoenix Apartment on a revolving platform, looks like a symbolic choice: maybe Raimondo di Sangro thought of them as a depiction of the rubedo, a stage in the search for the philosopher’s stone in which matter recomposes itself, granting immortality.”
– Op. Cit., bizzarrobazar

The least one can say is that the chapel is surrounded by mystery. This is only amplified by the fact that di Sangro destroyed his own scientific archive before he died. Then, after his death, under threat of excommunication by the Church due to di Sangro’s involvement with Freemasonry and alchemy, his descendants destroyed what was left of his writings, formulae, laboratory equipment and results of experiments. All that is left is thinly veiled symbolism.

In Conclusion

In the image of its creator, the Chapel of Sansevero is brash and unapologetic. It is a celebration of the esoteric path and a showcase of the alchemical know-how of an enthusiastic occultist. While “occult” literally means “hidden from the public”, Raimondo di Sangro spent his life publicizing his interests and discoveries, barely “placing a veil” on the true nature of his experiments.

The Chapel is, therefore, one of those rare instances where “magic” can be seen in plain sight. While the sublime works of art of the chapel are a celebration of life, beauty, and spirituality, the morbid manipulation of cadavers below celebrate death, decay and the gruesome. In short, not unlike the black and white floors that used to cover this occult temple, the Chapel of Sansevero visually represents the dualistic nature of the universe and, by correspondence, the dualistic nature of man. Once these opposing forces are united, and the duality is resolved, esoteric perfection is said to be attained. To achieve this, one must not be afraid to look towards the heavens … and stare into the depth of hell.