Dikteon Cave: The Legendary Birthplace of Zeus

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The Dikteon Cave is one of the most important and famous cult places of Minoan Crete.  It is located in the high mountains on the island of Crete in Greece and is associated with the birthplace of the Greek god Zeus.  For centuries it was considered a sacred place of cult worship where offerings were made and few were allowed to enter.  The use of caves as cult places was one of the basic characteristics of the religion of the ancient Cretans, and Dikteon Cave was among the most important and sacred. 

The Dikteon Cave, also known as Psychro Cave (due to its vicinity to the village of Psychro) or Andron Cave, is situated at an altitude of 1025 meters (3360 feet) on the northern slopes of Mount Dicte, which dominates the Lassithi Plateau and the whole of Eastern Crete.  The Lassithi Plateau was inhabited as early as the Neolithic Period and is one of the few sites in the Mediterranean where settlements were at high altitude. 

Dikteon Cave, as it stands today, consists of five chambers with an upper and lower section.  The upper cave or Ano spileo, resembles a rocky cavern and is devoid of stalactites or stalagmites.  A trek down a steep set of stairs 100 meters into the mountainside reveals the lower cave or Kato Spileo.  There is a larger hall on the right, which has small stone basins filled with water that legend says was a drinking spot for the god Zeus.  The most impressive sight is a small lake which is surrounded by large stalactites and stalagmites along the stairwell.  There is also what is known as the “Mantle of Zeus” which is a stalactite that hangs over the lake similar to that of a chandelier.  At the back of the lake there is a small chamber, where it is said that Zeus was born.

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The cave of Dikteon (Psychro cave), Crete, 2009. Credit: Jerzy Strzelecki (Wikimedia Commons)

To the ancient Greeks, Zeus was the all-knowing, all seeing deity associated with thunder, lightning, rain and the ruler of all other gods.  He was also the ruler of the sky, the earth and was regarded by the ancient Greeks as the personification of the laws of nature.  He headed a family of twelve other major gods and goddesses called the Olympians and lived on the mythical Mount Olympus, the highest peak in Greece.  In Greek Mythology, Zeus was said to have been born on the island of Crete.  Hesiod, the Greek epic poet who scholars believed lived during the 8th century BC, tells us that the birth of Zeus took place near the city of Lyktos in east-central Crete.  However, he does not specify the precise location of Zeus’s birthplace therefore, two caves, namely the Dikteon and Ideon, both located in the Cretan mountains have been put forward as his place of birth.

Gods and Goddesses of the Greek MythologyTalos –  CreteThe Sacred Omphalos Stone, Navel of the World and Communicator of the Gods.

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The cave of Dikteon (Psychro cave), Crete, 2009. Credit: Jerzy Strzelecki (Wikimedia Commons)

According to the ancient tradition as described by Hesoid in Theogony, Cronus, the Titan god of time and ages, and Rhea, the Titan goddess of fertility and motherhood, had five children before Zeus, all of which ended up in the stomach of Cronus.  He ate his offspring out of fear they would take his throne.  When Rhea became pregnant with Zeus, she did not want him to share the same fate and asked her parents Uranus and Gaia for help.  In order to deceive her husband Cronus, Rhea gave him a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes instead of the baby.  He swallowed the supposed infant at once and relaxed certain that his throne was not at risk from his children.  Meanwhile, Zeus grew up in the cave where he remained hidden away in the mountains of Crete from his cannibalistic father. 

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Saturn (Cronos) eating one of his children, painting by Rubens 1636-1638. (Wikimedia Commons)

As soon as Rhea gave birth to Zeus she gave him to the Curetes (gods of the wild mountainside) to look after.  So Cronus would not hear the cries of the infant Zeus, the Curetes drowned out his sounds with a frenzied dance of clashing spears and shields.  The goat nurse Amalthea and nymph Melissa also played an important role in his upbringing.  Amalthea, suckled the holy infant from her horn while Melissa nursed Zeus and looked after him, feeding him honey.  Several other myths surround the Dikteon cave, demonstrating its significance to both Crete and ancient Greece.  A lesser known story, speaks of the Harpies or mythical winged maidens that once lived there.

The Mighty Gods Zeus and PoseidonThe Minoan CivilizationTraces of the Minoan Culture from Egypt to Syria

Archaeological evidence has revealed that the Dikteon Cave was used by humans in antiquity.  Excavations to date show uninterrupted human presence in the Dikteon Cave from the end of the Neolithic period onwards or for about the last 6,000 years.  It operated as a cult center from the Minoan to the Archaic Period (2000-700 BC), while worship at the cave continued sporadically until Roman times (1st century BC – 1st century AD).  From the 16th century AD until 1883, the Dikteon Cave was used as a shelter by local shepherds and hunters.  In the late 1800s, some of the secrets of the cave and its cult significance were unearthed by chance. 

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Minoan girl, c. 1600-1500 BCE, bronze, Minoan, Crete, Cleveland Museum of Art. Photo taken: 2012 by Wmpearl (Wikimedia Commons)

Joseph Chatzidakis and Italian archaeologist Federico Halbherr carried out the first, small-scale excavations of the site in 1886.  The first systematic excavation began in 1899 by British Archaeologist David Hogarth.  The findings of the cave were published in 1961 by art historian and archaeologist John Boardman.  The excavation found many artifacts such as small statues, tables, double axes, rings, and broaches.  Stone tablets inscribed with Linear A script were found at the site along with religious bronze and clay figurines.  In the antechamber of the Dikteon Cave the foundations of a built altar and the remains of offerings placed in rock crevices were discovered.  Pilgrims made offerings at the site, including olive oil, honey, wine, wheat and animal sacrifices, which were placed on the altar and burnt.  The numerous artifacts are on display at the Heraklion Museum in Heraklion Greece and Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England. Today, Diketeon Cave is a popular tourist attraction that impresses both physically and geologically, and for its rich and fascinating history.

Featured Image: “Zeus and Thetis” Painting by John Duncan, 1811. (Wikimedia Commons)

References

“Greek Mythology: Greek Gods: Greek Goddesses: Greek Myths.” Greek Mythology: Greek Gods: Greek Goddesses: Greek Myths. Accessed May 14, 2015. http://www.greekmythology.com/.

“Zeus Was Born on Crete.” Zeus Was Born on Crete. Accessed May 14, 2015. http://www.explorecrete.com/mythology/zeus-birth.html.

“Ministry of Culture and Sports | Diktaion Antron.” Ministry of Culture and Sports | Diktaion Antron. Accessed May 14, 2015. http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=1628.

“Dikteon Cave.” Or Dikteon Andron or Dictaean Cave. Accessed May 14, 2015. http://www.explorecrete.com/archaeology/dikteon-andron-cave.html.

“Dikteon Cave – Lonely Planet.” Lonely Planet. Accessed May 14, 2015. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/greece/psyhro/sights/natural-landmarks/dikteon-cave.

“Dikteon Andron | Caves | Nature | Lasithi Prefecture | Regions | WonderGreece.gr.” Http://www.wondergreece.gr/. Accessed May 14, 2015.http://www.wondergreece.gr/v1/en/Regions/Lasithi_Prefecture/Nature/Caves/3919-Dikteon_Andron.

http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-europe/dikteon-cave-legendary-birthplace-zeus-003063

Alien Visitation Evidence: The Most Amazing Ancient Objects in the World!

They’re evidence of extraterrestrial visitation, time travelers or lost civilizations like Atlantis – or perhaps they’re here to show us that some ancient peoples were far more advanced than we think. 

It’s hard not to get caught up in the mystery and intrigue of these puzzling and often bizarre ancient objects, most of which simply can’t be explained by modern science.

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1. Antikythera Mechanism

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The world’s oldest computer predates Bill Gates only by about 2,000 years. In fact, the absolutely mind-boggling Antikythera Mechanism – a corroded clocklike object found among the ruins of a sunken ship – may prove that advanced scientific technology existed far earlier than we ever thought possible. 

Scientists have since discovered that this mysterious Greek invention predicted solar eclipses, organized the calendar in four-year cycles, and may well be linked to renowned astrologer and engineer Archimedes. Though no other such mechanisms have ever been found, experts believe that many more made around the same time in 100 B.C.E. once existed.

The mechanism was finally reconstructed after using advanced X-ray and other scanning techniques to examine it.

The Reconstruction

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Antikythera Working Models
Virtual 3D:

The First Model to Incorporate All the Main Features:

Lego Reconstruction:

2. The Baigong Pipes

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“Alien toilet found in China”. This is just one of many absurd headlines seen on the internet concerning the undoubtedly bizarre Baigong Pipes, rusty red iron pipes that lead into a pyramid atop Mount Baigong from a nearby salt water lake. 

What’s so strange about the pipes? Well, for one thing, they’re in an area that is completely inhospitable to man – no civilization is ever known to have lived there. They’re uniform in size and seem to have been created in an intentional pattern. No clear explanation exists for the presence of these pipes, and scientists don’t seem to agree on whether they could be natural occurrences.

The Baigong Pipes are described as a sophisticated system of metal pipes, buried in geology in such a way that precludes the possibility of having been installed in modern times. They are located on Mt. Baigong in the Qinghai province of China, about 40 kilometers southwest of Delingha. Most accounts describe a pyramid-shaped outcropping on the mountain, and the cave containing the pipes is on this pyramid.

80 meters from the mouth of this cave is a salt lake (the twin of an adjacent freshwater lake), and more pipes can be found poking up along the shore.

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Most of the information you can find online about the Baigong Pipes appears to be originally sourced from a 2002 article from the ‘Xinhua News Agency’, talking about preparations by a team of scientists about to embark to this remote area to study the pipes. “Nature is harsh here,” said one. 

“There are no residents let alone modern industry in the area, only a few migrant herdsmen to the north of the mountain.”

3. The Roman Dodecahedra

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These fist-sized bronze Roman artifacts found in France, Switzerland and Germany pose a fascinating problem for archaeologists: they just don’t have a clear purpose, but many are covered in symbols, some undecipherable and others relating to the Zodiac. But for all the speculation on their use, including that they may have been surveying instruments, some experts believe the Roman dodecahedra were merely decorative candlesticks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_dodecahedron

4. Baghdad Battery

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What need would ancient people have for batteries when electronics did not yet exist? Found outside Baghdad, Iraq in 1936, the Baghdad Battery is a small clay jar containing an iron rod suspended in a copper cylinder which is soldered shut and sealed with asphalt. Replicas that have been made since then can produce small mounts of electricity, proving the battery’s capabilities, but the question of what the battery was used for many never be answered.

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5. The Piri Reis Map

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Probably the most famous ‘Out of the place Artifact’ in the world! Compiled in 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman-Turkish admiral and cartographer Piri Reis. The half of the map which survives shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy. Various Atlantic islands including the Azores and Canary Islands are depicted, as is the mythical island of Antillia and possibly Japan. The map has been used to claim an ancient knowledge of an ice-free Antarctica, transmitted either from extra-terrestrials or an Ice Age civilization.

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Short Documentary from History Channel about the Antikythera, the Baghdad Battery and Piri Reis Map:

6. The Voynich Manuscript

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The Voynich manuscript is a handwritten book thought to have been written in the early 15th century and comprising about 240 vellum pages, most with illustrations. Although many possible authors have been proposed, the author, script, and language remain unknown. It has been described as “the world’s most mysterious manuscript”.

Generally presumed to be some kind of ciphertext, the Voynich manuscript has been studied by many professional and amateur cryptographers, including American and British codebreakers from both World War I and World War II. 

Yet it has defied all decipherment attempts, becoming a historical cryptology cause célèbre. The mystery surrounding it has excited the popular imagination, making the manuscript a subject of both fanciful theories and novels.

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Because nobody was able to decrypt the writing code used in this manuscript and because many drawings seem to follow a sacred geometry pattern, many speculate its origin to be extraterrestrial.

7. The Giant Stone Spheres of Costa Rica (and all over the planet)

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They appear to be flawlessly round, ranging in size from just a few centimeters to over 6.6 feet in diameter, and are found all over the Diquis Delta and Isla de Cano in Costa Rica. Weighing up to 16 tons, it’s hard to imagine how humans could have moved these gigantic sculptures hewn from hard granodiorite – considering that the nearest quarry for that material is over 50 miles away from where the sculptures were found. 

Over three hundred of them are scattered across Costa Rica, but we’ll never know why – the people who made them back in 1,000 C.E. are long gone and had no written records.

http://humansarefree.com/2011/04/incredible-alien-visitation-proof-most.html?m=0

Lo que la palabra Amén significa realmente …

Cada vez que oramos a Dios que terminó la oración con la palabra Amén que en la definición tradicional, “se utiliza al final de una oración o una declaración para manifestar el consentimiento o aprobación”

Ahora, vamos a volver 3000 antes de Cristo y miramos el texto Pirámide y nos encontramos con que Amen, es el Dios de la vida y la reproducción, representado como un hombre con cabeza de carnero.

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Entre los dioses que se sabe que los egipcios en tiempos muy tempranos eran Amen y su consorte Ament, y sus nombres se encuentran en los Textos de las Pirámides, por ejemplo, Unas, línea 558, en el que se mencionan inmediatamente después de la pareja de dioses Nau y Nen , y en relación con las gemelas Lion-dioses Shu y Tefnut, que se describen como los dos dioses que hicieron sus propios cuerpos, y con la diosa Temt, la contraparte femenina de Tem. Es evidente que, incluso en el período de control remoto de la dinastía Amén y Ament Vth contados entre los dioses primigenios, si no como dioses en jefe ciertamente como formas subsidiarias de algunos de ellos, y del hecho de que se les menciona inmediatamente después de las deidades de la materia primigenia, Nau y Nen, que podemos considerar que son los equivalentes del abismo acuoso de la cual todas las cosas surgieron, e inmediatamente antes de Temt y Shu y Tefnut, parecería que los escritores o editores de los Textos de las Pirámides asignan gran antigüedad a su existencia. De los atributos dados a Amen en la nada Imperio Antiguo se conoce, pero, si aceptamos el significado “oculto”, que por lo general se le da a su nombre, tenemos que concluir que él era la personificación del poder creador oculto y desconocido que se asoció con el abismo primigenio, dioses de la creación del mundo, y todo lo que hay en él. La palabra o raíz amen, sin duda significa “lo que está oculto”, “lo que no se ve”, “lo que no se puede ver”, y similares, y este hecho se demuestra por decenas de ejemplos que pueden ser recogidos a partir de textos de todas las épocas . En himnos a Amen a menudo leemos que está “escondido a sus hijos,” y “oculto a los dioses y los hombres”, y se ha señalado que estas expresiones se refieren sólo a la “clandestinidad”, es decir, “ajuste” del sol cada noche, y que sólo han de entenderse en un sentido físico, y para significar nada más que la desaparición del dios Amón de la vista de los hombres al cierre del día. Ahora, no sólo es el Dios mismo dice que es “oculto”, pero su nombre también es “oculto”, y su forma o semejanza, se dice que es “desconocido”; estas declaraciones demuestran que “oculta”, cuando se aplica a Amén, el gran dios, tiene referencia a algo más que el “sol que ha desaparecido en el horizonte”, y que indica el dios que no puede ser visto con los ojos de los mortales, y que es invisible, así como inescrutable, a dioses como a hombres. En los tiempos que se aproximan el período ptolemaico el nombre Amén parece haber sido conectado con los hombres de raíz, “a respetar, a ser permanentes”; y uno de los atributos que se aplicaron a él fue el de la eterna. Amén está representado en cinco formas: 1. Como hombre, cuando se le ve sentado en un trono, y sosteniendo en una mano el cetro, y en la otra el símbolo de la “vida”. De esta forma es una de las nueve deidades que componen la compañía de los dioses de Amen-Ra, los otros ocho ser Ament, Nu, Nut, Hehui, Hehet, Kekui, Keket y Hathor. 2. Como un hombre con la cabeza de una rana, mientras que su contraparte femenina Ament tiene la cabeza de un uraeus. 3. Como un hombre con la cabeza de un uraeus, mientras que su contraparte femenina tiene la cabeza de un gato. 4. Como un mono. 5. Como majada león sobre un pedestal.

La próxima vez que estés orando por esa cosa especial que desea, recuerde que usted está usando una invocación a Amón-Ra
Despertarse

http://www.sacred-texts.com/egy/tut/tut06.htm#page_46

http://debatingchristianity.com/forum/pda/thread.php?topic_id=5435

Enorme Pirámide submarina descubierta cerca de Portuga La Marina está investigand

Noticias portuguesa informó sobre el descubrimiento de una gran pirámide bajo el agua primero descubierto por Diocleciano Silva entre las islas de São Miguel y Terceira en las Azores de Portugal.

De acuerdo a las reclamaciones, se dice que la estructura que se va perfectamente cuadrado y orientada por los puntos cardinales.

Las estimaciones actuales obtenidos utilizando la tecnología digital GPS ponen la altura a 60 metros con una base de 8.000 metros cuadrados.

El Instituto Hidrográfico de la Marina portuguesa actualmente tiene la tarea de analizar los datos para determinar si la estructura es hecha por el hombre.

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Interpretación Artistic de la pirámide sumergida cerca de Portugal

“La pirámide es perfectamente formado y orientado al parecer por los puntos cardinales”, dijo Silva Diário Insular, el periódico local.

La pirámide fue encontrado en un área del Atlántico medio que ha estado bajo el agua durante unos 20.000 años. Teniendo en cuenta esto es en la época de la última edad de hielo, donde la glaciación estaba derritiendo desde su máximo de 2000 años antes, cualquiera que sea la civilización, humano o no, eso era todo antes de la edad de hielo, podría ser responsable de la construcción de la pirámide.

Mientras que la Marina Portuguesa aún no ha determinado el origen, muchos podrían preguntarse por qué esto no se ha reportado por primera vez en más pronto que a finales de 2012. Sin duda, la NOAA, que estudia la actividad volcánica en la zona de la pirámide habría descubierto la pirámide a través de imágenes de sonar y así sucesivamente ya que la zona que se estudia en gran medida debido a la actividad volcánica.

O bien la NOAA aún no ha llegado a través de ella, se esconden lo que han encontrado, o la pirámide no existe. La última teoría no parece ser probable dada la autenticidad del hallazgo.

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La pirámide real, ya que escanea con alta tecnología deviceTo apoyar aún más la idea de que esta pirámide podría haber sido construida por diferentes civilizaciones, arqueólogos de la Asociación Portuguesa de Investigación Arqueológica han descubierto recientemente evidencia en la isla de Pico que sugiere su creencia de que existían seres humanos en la región de las Azores antes de la llegada de los portugueses a miles de años atrás. Al día de hoy, todavía no hay explicación para quien creó el arte rupestre encontrado en las islas.

Fue la pirámide construida por cualquier civilización existió antes de los portugueses? Es, posiblemente, ni siquiera por el hombre?

Este puede ser el famoso continente sumergido de la Atlántida

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este continente hundida de la Atlántida Aquí está el informe de noticias portugués con subtítulos en inglés para aquellos que desean estudiar la autenticidad de las afirmaciones:

Las Azores son una región interesante, ya que son una cadena de nueve islas volcánicas en tres grupos principales que son aproximadamente 930 millas al oeste de Lisboa. Todos ellos están situados alrededor de las líneas de fractura entre la América del Norte, Eurasia y las placas tectónicas de África. Un lugar interesante para tener una pirámide dadas las cualidades energéticas a menudo asociados con las pirámides.

Este video analiza algunos datos interesantes que explorar la autenticidad de la historia y la posible ubicación visualmente utilizando algunos mapas.

Es importante tener en cuenta que las coordenadas exactas de la pirámide no han sido puestos en libertad. Se cree que puede haber un descubrimiento de 2 pirámides más en el área como imágenes sugieren que podría ser un enlace de diseño a la de las pirámides construidas en Egipto.

Huge Underwater Pyramid Discovered Near Portugal — The Navy is Investigating…

Portuguese news reported the discovery of a very large under water pyramid first discovered by Diocleciano Silva between the islands of São Miguel and Terceira in the Azores of Portugal.

According to claims, the structure is said to be perfectly squared and oriented by the cardinal points.

Current estimates obtained using GPS digital technology put the height at 60 meters with a base of 8000 square meters.

The Portuguese Hydrographic Institute of the Navy currently has the job of analyzing the data to determine whether or not the structure is man-made.

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Artistic interpretation of the submerged pyramid near Portugal

“The pyramid is perfectly shaped and apparently oriented by the cardinal points,” Silva told Diário Insular, the local newspaper.

The pyramid was found in an area of the mid-Atlantic that has been underwater for about 20,000 years. Considering this is around the time of the last ice age where glaciation was melting from its peak 2000 years prior, whatever civilization, human or not, that was around before the ice age, could be responsible for building the pyramid.

While the Portuguese Navy still hasn’t determined the origins, many might question why this hasn’t been first reported on sooner than late 2012. Certainly the NOAA who studies volcanic activity in the area of the pyramid would have discovered the pyramid through sonar imaging and so forth since the area is heavily studied due to volcanic activity.

Either the NOAA hasn’t yet come across it, they are hiding what they have found, or the pyramid doesn’t exist. The last theory does not seem to be likely given the authenticity of the find.

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Right: The actual pyramid, as scanned with high tech deviceTo further support the idea that this pyramid could have been built by different civilizations, archaeologists from the Portuguese Association of Archaeological Research have recently discovered evidence on Pico island that suggests their belief that humans existed in the Azores region before the arrival of the Portuguese thousands of years ago. As of today, there is still no explanation for who created the rock art found on the islands.

Was the pyramid built by whatever civilization existed prior to the Portuguese? Is it possibly not even man-made?

This may be the famous sunken continent of Atlantis

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Is this the sunken continent of Atlantis?Here is the Portuguese news report with English subtitles for those who wish to look into the authenticity of the claims:

The Azores are an interesting region as they are a chain of nine volcanic islands in three main groups that are roughly 930 miles west of Lisbon. They are all situated around the fault lines between the North American, Eurasian and African tectonic plates. An interesting place to have a pyramid given the energetic qualities often associated with pyramids.

This video discusses some interesting bits of information that explore the authenticity of the story and the possible location visually using some maps.

It is important to note that exact coordinates of the pyramid have not been released. He believes that there may be a discovery of 2 more pyramids in the area as images suggest there could be a design link to that of the pyramids built in Egypt.

– See more at: http://humansarefree.com/2014/01/huge-underwater-pyramid-discovered-near.html?m=0#sthash.JTIq711H.dpuf