Lloyd Pye used to say “Everything you know is wrong” and presents evidence about what is really going on with human evolution that mainstream science won’t discuss.
He presents evidence that the human genome was tampered with and he says the best story that explains why modern humans look like the way they do is presented in Zacharia Sitchin’s books.
How modern humans got here is a big mystery and can be explained with the Anunnaki theory according to many researchers.
The best piece of evidence is not ancient archeology of ancient Sumeria or the translations of the cuneiform text but in the human genome itself. If we were modified then the hard evidence has to be in the DNA, end of story, period.
And here’s the deal, we have that evidence, the 2nd human chromosome is fused making the human genome the only primate with 46 Chromosomes (23 pairs) and not 48 like all the other primates (apes and monkeys).
This is not just odd, but Darwinian impossible, how can a random mutation that is so radical become dominant? That is very unlikely, with most mutations the offspring will be less fit and die off.
So to have Chromosome 2 to be a successful mutation is strange. A fused single strand of Chimp 2a and 2b is highly unlikely and this combined with all the other extreme variations from our nearest Ape relatives it becomes highly improbable.
Modern humans are unexplainable by normal science. There is simply no missing links between our nearest relatives that show a steady progression of adaptive features.
Where are the skull changes, the teeth changes, the bone thickness changes, or the huge brain increase changes? No where and they won’t ever find them because they don’t exist. Think about it, recent hominids should be abundant in the fossil record.
Neanderthals coming and going with no good predecessors is also really weird. So how can we account for Neanderthal DNA in our DNA? We adopt the Anunnaki theory, we solve the mystery by examining what the Sumerians said with the evidence.
What if the Neanderthals were one of the first self replicating robust slaves engineered by the Anunnaki? What if some of them escaped their Mespotamia overlords and went north where we find their remains today?
It is hard to dismiss the Sumerian account because of the evidence. First, the Holy Bible is the most believed holy book on the planet and is considered to be the words of god, billions believe the authenticity of the account.
The story of earth and the rise of humanity as the dominant specie is partially told in the Holy Bible as a watered down and religiously perverted account.
The gods who came down from the heavens became “fallen angels” and “demons” leaving the believer in a paralyzed fear of unknown other worldy agents.
The Holy Bible is a terrible religious propaganda account of human origin, it makes people irritated and prone to do evil because the text confuses the mind with irrational tales of a needy creator god.
The omniscient creator God making bad angels and casting them to this world is demented to say the least.
The Sumerian story of the Anunnaki is the same information – but earlier and more detailed. It is also rational.
No demons, no bad angels cast to earth, but a credible logical story or another race coming here on a military mission. They did fall to earth like angels as they are shown in reliefs with wings.
But they did so voluntarily as astronauts on a mission to earth for gold. They did make the first man Adama in their image – the Sumerian text describes in detail their genetic engineering attempts to create hominid worker slaves by mixing of DNA.
The discovery of older and more detailed Sumerian myth paints an entirely new picture of the creation account, it paints a very clear detailed picture of what happened, not the superstitious fear version of the Jewish holy book.
There needs to be a differentiation, the Anunnaki creators of the human specie are not the same as the original Creator Prime. The Anunnaki were not gods but a competing race in our solar system.
Then we have the DNA evidence, humans are the only primate with 46 chromosomes and the only primate without fur. Lloyd Pie came up with 12 huge differences between us and the apes. The most bothersome one is all the genetic diseases that only humans have.
If Darwinian progress is the path of our origin we wouldn’t have 4,000 unique genetic disorders because they would have been selectively eliminated. Our condition is not the product of Darwinian fitness.
How can the prevalence of human diseases be explained? If we were genetically engineered to be slaves, who were wiped out by the owners periodically, they didn’t care about their mistakes. The story of humans artificially created by Enlil and Enki the Anunnaki overlords as slaves explains much.
It explains humans diseases and human starvation and environment degradation. Humans are not natural, they don’t fit here, they are self destructive with drug use, body abuse, environment abuse.
Humans are the abandoned abominations of the Anuna Lords who came and went back to their damnable planet Nibiru.
So if Neanderthals were the first Anunnaki slave abomination how did we come about? Well, the Sumerian text tells us exactly what happened, the “gods” lusted after our women and mated with them making a new hybrid, one that is less robust and has more Anunnaki DNA.
The human being is very much in the likeness of the Anunnaki gods but inferior smaller models. We look like Anunnaki but we also have native earth hominid DNA. We are hybrids of the gods.
Remember that all primates have 48 chromosomes and we 46 (23 pairs). This means the Anunnaki must have 46 chromosomes which is why they modified earth primate DNA to have one pair less.
They changed our DNA to match their DNA and then later they mated with us and created new hybrids. They even created a Royal line, a hybrid with extra genes to be overlords just like them. We call this slave master race abomination “Jews”.
Have you noticed how the chosen ones are obsessed with their mother’s blood?
We also have to explain our water origin. Have you heard of the Aquatic Ape Theory?
“It is much harder to explain why we differ from the gorilla and the chimpanzee much more markedly than they differ from one another. Something must have happened to cause one section of the ancestral ape population to proceed along an entirely different evolutionary path.
“The most widely held theory, still taught in schools and universities, is that we are descended from apes which moved out of the forests onto the grasslands of the open savannah. The distinctly human features are thus supposed to be adaptations to a savannah environment.
“In that case, we would expect to find at least some of these adaptations to be paralleled in other savannah mammals. But there is not a single instance of this, not even among species like baboons and vervets, which are descended from forest- dwelling ancestors.”
The Aquatic Ape is a compelling hypothesis but there is a better explanation for the naked ape. We look just like the naked Anunnaki Gods.
They created us in their image by mixing their DNA with ours. One god, our father god (according to the Sumerian myth), Enki was a water god. Thus we have a dead ringer for the origin of water born human traits, the Anunnaki genome:
“The Anuna awakened Enki from his subterranean, underwater habitat. He was in what could be described today as a state of suspended animation. Enki and his wife, Ninmah, created humans to be the slaves of the Anuna.”
Click here for a larger chart:
“The texts chronical the Anuna’s genetic experimentations as they engineered the first humans. The texts write about six attempts and how the first five were failures for various reasons ranging from deformities to androgynous life forms.
“Finally, the sixth was successful and insemination was used to produce the first humans from this humanoid creation. Ninmah was the original scientist trying to engineer humans. After her multiple failures she became frustrated and asked Enki to take over the development.
“Each of these genetic failures was kept alive and cared for in the manner it required. This shows the benevolent nature of these advanced beings. Writings later reference the “black headed ones” whom the Anuna ruled.
“This is obviously a reference to early black skinned people who were likely the first mass-procreated creations of the Anuna. The reference to their color implies the Anuna were not black (otherwise, why call out the color?).”
“If one believes Zecharia Sitchin, then they are the beings from a “planet” that has an clockwise rotation around our sun every 3600 years.
When my colleague, Jack O’Brien, asked about their heritage and race one Anunnaki Warrior female responded that:
She said that her race was from the Orion Nebula, and was not a pure race but included Anunnaki, which in turn was a Reptilian race interbred with another.
I reminded her that the Orion Nebula was the remains of a star gone Nova, resulting in an expanding cloud of gas around the star.
She said that they had anticipated this happening and had evacuated their planet long before this occurred.
In The Cosmic Code Sitchin writes:
“There was a time, the Sumerians told, when civilized Man was not yet on Earth, when animals were only wild and undomesticated and crops were not yet cultivated. At that long ago time there arrived on Earth a group of fifty Anunnaki.
“Lead by a leader whose name was E.A. (meaning “Whose home is water”) they journeyed from their home planet NIBIRU (“planet of crossing”) and, reaching Earth, splashed down in the waters of the Persian Gulf… The time: 445,000 years ago.” (p.42)
In the first place they came to obtain gold which they require for survival on their planet which is losing its atmosphere.
Because their planet goes far out into space, these beings are in darkness and misery much of the time; when they approach the sun again they delight in visiting our planet Earth with the feminine essence of the Goddess so vibrant and living upon her.
There is evidence of these visits throughout ancient history, particularly in the Sumerian culture.
When the Anunnaki and their God, Anu, visit our planet they interfere with its natural rhythms and nature.
Since they are of a different origin, which is more advanced and they live for thousands of our years; they have manipulated us by genetic experiments and consider us like guinea pigs, or as slaves for their gold mines.
It is said thousands of our years past, they took the gentle and docile Hominid species we know as Homo Erectus and bred a human hybrid from their own DNA. This explains the famous “missing link.”
Humanity was formed from Anunnaki DNA and Homo Erectus DNA with many horrific mistakes…”
With the Sumerian myth story of our origin we can also explain the human condition. No researcher has yet to correlate the unthinkable human condition with the ancient alien theory. Can we not explain the human condition because of the godly intervention?
Are we not artificial creations and not a product of natural selections? Is not drug abuse rampant and are not some government who are in the know about our true origin, controlling the drug trade?
We are the damned and abandoned specie of the gods. We are not happy campers on this planet. We are unnatural selections of a terrible space faring race who came here and experimented on us as if we were Guinea Pigs.
The sad fact is that we are the left behind abominations of the Anunnaki bastards that created us and then left us to rot. Many of us are like abandoned little puppy dogs hoping for their master to return some day. How many Christians are awaiting rescue when Jesus returns?
On planet earth the abandoned miserable hominids are fighting it out because of their heritage. War, disease, and suffering are the norm on this hell planet. This beautiful water planet has been greatly decreased in beauty because of the Anunnaki abominations called human beings.
We don’t fit here, we are not adapted here, many of us don’t want to be here and so we go to war or use drugs. What we should do about our situation is beyond me, I just find the situation very sad.
The most widely read book in all of history, the Bible has pushed the faith of billions of people and has shaped the very world that we live in.
But what if there was something that was not drastically clear in the way that people decipher the Bible.
What we’re going to discuss is the Annunaki in the Bible.
These are very important parts of Scripture that often go overlooked by readers, but shed some light on a different side of the Bible and the very faith that billions of people believe in.
Who Are The Annunaki?
Annunaki is a word that has been made famous by Zecharia Sitchin.
Found within many of his famous books, Sitchin explores ancient mythology, megalithic structures around the world and various books to demonstrate that an extraterrestrial race visited the planet.
What’s interesting is that these were the gods found within the Sumerian tablets.
The Annunaki were actual deities and their names come from the old god of the sky “Anu.”
But when you look deeper into the Sumerian tablets, you start to notice that there is a stark comparative relationship between the Bible and what these ancient cultures believed in.
When you begin to look deep into the Bible, you’ll see that there are some similarities that often go overlooked by even the most religious people.
Such occurrences include Giants in the Bible.
Must-Read: Who Were the Real ‘Gods of Eden’?
The Sumerian tablets were written by the Sumerians. This was a society that invented writing, and had advanced knowledge of mathematics, science and astronomy.
According to these tablets, the Anunnaki, or Anannge, were angels.
These were people that were technologically advanced and actually lived on earth around 8200 BC in the Middle East.
Ninill and Enlil were at the center of the stories. Ninill was the goddess that ruled over the land, and Enlil was her husband. The God of War, Ninurta, was the son of Enlil and Ninlil.
These gods are very similar to the gods that you would know from ancient Greece and Rome, and this is the first time that we hear about the garden of Eden. This is the same Eden that we know from the Bible.
Within the Sumerian tablets, Ninlil asks the Council of seven to create what is called “Eden.” This is a heavenly garden.
The Annunaki were also tied to the Watchers which are found in the Book of Enoch. Not surprisingly, the Watchers were in charge of watching over “Eden.”
The Book of Enoch
A book that is an ancient Jewish religious work, the Book of Enoch is the tradition of Enoch, and is closely tied to Noah.
As you already know, Noah was in charge of saving all the world’s animals, and it was his great-grandfather who wrote the Book of Enoch.
Much like the Bible, the Book of Enoch is really a series of different books.
Inside of the book, you’ll find the following:
This is a very important read if you want to delve deeper into religious text. Now the reason that we’re talking about this book is because of:
The Watchers fell to earth and are our form of Angels who fathered the Nephilim. What is interesting is that many of the names found within this text correlate directly to the Bible:
And while the book is not considered part of the Bible, many believe that it is one of the texts that does hold religious significance.
There are many such books to have not made it into the Bible that you and I know today. Why?
It could be that these texts go against what the church has been telling us for centuries.
What we’ve seen so far is that these two ancient texts seem to meld into each other perfectly. But it goes even deeper than that with the Annunaki.
The scripture that is of the main importance is [Genesis 5:18]. Within this text, you’ll find Enoch who fathered Methuselah, who fathered Lamech, who fathered Noah.
This is within the holy Bible, and directly correlates with the two texts The Book of Enoch and the Sumerian tablets.
Interestingly, the Annunaki Fallen Angels would mix with indigenous people as stated within The Book of Enoch.
Giants in the Bible
Where do Giants fit into all of this? Well, the Annunaki began to mingle with the indigenous people, and this union led to the hybrid race that were called Giants.
The Giants can be found in Chapter 7 of the Book of Enoch. The exact wording is: “And the women conceiving brought forth giants, whose stature was each three hundred cubits.”
The Book of Enoch is not the Bible, but the Bible does talk about Giants.
You’ll find Giants in the King James Bible, and also within Genesis. Genesis 6:4 states that:
“There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.”
But keep in mind that this all occurred before the great flood that Noah is known to be a part of in biblical history.
There was a war in heaven that caused the Watchers to mingle with the women on earth that eventually resulted in the Giants being born.
You’ll also find that in Deuteronomy [2:10-11]:
“The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites call them Emims.”
Keep in mind that this occurs after the great flood, meaning that these giants must have roamed the earth even after the flood occurred.
There are several occurrences of Giants in Deuteronomy, which you can find in Deuteronomy:
Joshua 17:5 also mentions Giants in its text:
“And Joshua answered them, If thou be a great people, then get thee up to the wood country, and cut down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants, if mount Ephraim be too narrow for thee.”
What is very important to understand is that the Annunaki are not the creators of the world, or the human race.
Instead, these are fallen angels that were created by God. You’ll also find mention of Enki, which is a Sumerian God who is considered the Lord of the earth.
Looking deeper into mythology, you’ll also find that there are giants mentioned in many texts. This doesn’t just occur in one part of the world.
Mentions of giants have been found all throughout the world, including Rome, India and Egypt. Virtually every corner of the world has some mention of Giants or similar race that co-mingled with humans.
Just to name a few, you can find Giants in the following:
Norse Myths: Jotunheim, a land of Giants. Different types of Giants are also mentioned, such as the Jotun and Iotun. Fire giants even lived in Muspelheim.
Hindu Texts: Interestingly, the Giants known as Daityas fought against the gods because they were jealous of their half-brothers.
Greek Texts: Two great giants named Ge and Tar’taros are mentioned in an attempt to storm heaven. It is stated that these giants were thrown to earth with the help of Hercules, and lay buried underneath Mount Edna.
It’s not so far-fetched even looking at today’s world. There are some people that are exceptionally tall. We have people, such as Bates, that stood 7’11” tall, and even Charlemagne, whom they say was 8 feet tall.
John Middleton was said to stand 9’3”, and the British Strand magazine posted a photo in 1895 of a grave that was uncovered in Ireland with a person that stood 12’2” tall. This person who have had an arm span of 4’6”.
While the giant’s remains used to be on display in exhibitions, no one yet knows what exactly happened to this proof that Giants existed.
The Annunaki have left some strands of evidence that they existed, and the link to giants is one of the many that are still explored today.
Even in our own Bible, we see that there is some proof behind the Annunaki that many people shrug off as a mere myth itself.
We know this is controversial for many to read, but we are asking those with open minds to consider the scriptures in a different light.
The creation of the New World Order (NWO) agenda was put in motion by the infamous character, Mayer Amschel Rothschild, the one who decided to control the entire planet by any means necessary.
Of course, this meant: deception, control, financial enslavement, blackmail and murder… but also far graver things, like: wars, famine and depopulation… a genocide unlike any other before it.
If you want to better understand just how powerful and black-hearted the Rothschild family is, then you must read their complete history HERE.
They are the richest clan in the world, and their empire was built on mountains of bones and sufferance.
1773 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild assembles twelve of his most influential friends, and convinces them that if they all pool their resources together, they can rule the world. This meeting takes place in Frankfurt, Germany.
Rothschild also informs his friends that he has found the perfect candidate, an individual of incredible intellect and ingenuity, to lead the organization he has planned – Adam Weishaupt.
May 1, 1776 – Adam Weishaupt (code named Spartacus) establishes a secret society called the Order of the Illuminati. Weishaupt is the Professor of Canon Law at the University of Ingolstadt in Bavaria, part of Germany. The Illuminati seek to establish a New World Order.
Their objectives are as follows:
1) Abolition of all ordered governments
2) Abolition of private property
3) Abolition of inheritance
4) Abolition of patriotism
5) Abolition of the family
6) Abolition of religion
7) Creation of a world government
July, 1782 – The Order of the Illuminati joins forces with Freemasonry at the Congress of Wilhelmsbad. The Comte de Virieu, an attendee at the conference, comes away visibly shaken. When questioned about the “tragic secrets” he brought back with him, he replies:
“I will not confide them to you. I can only tell you that all this is very much more serious than you think.”
From this time on, according to his biographer, “the Comte de Virieu could only speak of Freemasonry with horror.”
The insignia of the Order of the Illuminati first appeared on the reverse side of U.S. one-dollar bills in 1933. One can read, at the base of the 13-story pyramid, the year 1776 (MDCCLXVI in Roman numerals). The eye radiating in all directions is the “all-spying eye” that symbolizes the terroristic, Gestapo-like, agency set up by Weishaupt.
The Latin words “ANNUIT COEPTIS” mean “our enterprise (conspiracy) has been crowned with success.” Below, “NOVUS ORDO SECLORUM” explains the nature of the enterprise: a “New Social Order” or a “New World Order”.
1785 – An Illuminati courier named Lanze is struck by lightning, and killed while traveling by horseback through the town of Ratisbon. When Bavarian officials examine the contents of his saddle bags, they discover the existence of the Order of the Illuminati, and find plans detailing the coming French Revolution.
The Bavarian Government attempts to alert the government of France of impending disaster, but the French Government fails to heed this warning. Bavarian officials arrest all members of the Illuminati they can find, but Weishaupt and others have gone underground, and cannot be found.
1796 – Freemasonry becomes a major issue in the presidential election in the United States. John Adams wins the election by opposing Masonry, and his son, John Quincy Adams, warns of the dire threat to the nation posed by the Masonic Lodges:
“I do conscientiously and sincerely believe that the Order of Freemasonry, if not the greatest, is one of the greatest moral and political evils under which the Union is now laboring.”
1797 – John Robison, Professor of Natural History at Edinburgh University in Scotland, publishes a book entitled “Proofs of a Conspiracy” in which he reveals that Adam Weishaupt had attempted to recruit him. He exposes the diabolical aims of the Illuminati to the world.
1821 – George W. F. Hegel formulates what is called the Hegelian dialectic – the process by which Illuminati objectives are achieved. According to the Hegelian dialectic, thesis plus antithesis equals synthesis. In other words, first you foment a crisis.
Then there is an enormous public outcry that something must be done about the problem. So you offer a solution that brings about the changes you really wanted all along, but which people would have been unwilling to accept initially.
1828 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild, who finances the Illuminati, expresses his utter contempt for national governments which attempt to regulate International Bankers such as him:
“Allow me to issue and control the money of a nation, and I care not who writes the laws.”
1848 — Moses Mordecai Marx Levy, alias Karl Marx, writes “The Communist Manifesto.” Marx is a member of an Illuminati front organization called the League of the Just.
He not only advocates economic and political changes; he advocates moral and spiritual changes as well. He believes the family should be abolished, and that all children should be raised by a central authority. He expresses his attitude toward God by saying:
“We must war against all prevailing ideas of religion, of the state, of country, of patriotism. The idea of God is the keynote of a perverted civilization. It must be destroyed.”
Jan. 22, 1870 – In a letter to Italian revolutionary leader Giuseppe Mazzini, Albert Pike – Sovereign Grand Commander of the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry – announces the establishment of a secret society within a secret society:
“We must create a super rite, which will remain unknown, to which we will call those Masons of high degree of whom we shall select. With regard to our brothers in Masonry, these men must be pledges to the strictest secrecy. Through this supreme rite, we will govern all Freemasonry which will become the one international center, the more powerful because its direction will be unknown.”
This ultra-secret organization is called The New and Reformed Paladian Rite. (This is why about 95% of the men involved in Masonry don’t have a clue as to what the objectives of the organization actually are. They are under the delusion that it’s just a fine community organization doing good works.)
1875 – Russian occultist Helena Petrovna Blavatsky founds the Theosophical Society. Madame Blavatsky claims that Tibetan holy men in the Himilayas, whom she refers to as the Masters of Wisdom, communicated with her in London by telepathy. She insists that the Christians have it all backwards – that Satan is good, and God is evil. She writes:
“The Christians and scientists must be made to respect their Indian betters. The Wisdom of India, her philosophy and achievement, must be made known in Europe and America.”
1884 – The Fabian Society is founded in Great Britain to promote Socialism. The Fabian Society takes its name from the Roman General Fabius Maximus, who fought Hannibal’s army in small debilitating skirmishes, rather than attempting one decisive battle.
July 14, 1889 – Albert Pike issues instructions to the 23 Supreme Councils of the world. He reveals who is the true object of Masonic worship:
“To you, Sovereign Grand Instructors General, we say this, that you may repeat it to the Brethren of the 32nd, 31st and 30th degrees: The Masonic religion should be, by all of us initiates of the high degrees, maintained in the purity of the Luciferian doctrine.”
1890-1896 – Cecil Rhodes, an enthusiastic student of John Ruskin, is Prime Minister of South Africa, a British colony at the time. He is able to exploit and control the gold and diamond wealth of South Africa.
He works to bring all the habitable portions of the world under the domination of a ruling elite. To that end, he uses a portion of his vast wealth to establish the famous Rhodes Scholarships.
1893 – The Theosophical Society sponsors a Parliament of World Religions held in Chicago. The purpose of the convention is to introduce Hindu and Buddhist concepts, such as belief in reincarnation, to the West.
1911 – The Socialist Party of Great Britain publishes a pamphlet entitled “Socialism and Religion” in which they clearly state their position on Christianity:
“It is therefore a profound truth that Socialism is the natural enemy of religion. A Christian Socialist is in fact an anti-Socialist. Christianity is the antithesis of Socialism.”
1912 – Colonel Edward Mandell House, a close advisor of President Woodrow Wilson, publishes “Phillip Dru: Administrator”, in which he promotes “socialism as dreamed of by Karl Marx.”
Feb. 3, 1913 – The 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, making it possible for the Federal Government to impose a progressive income tax, is ratified. Plank #2 of “The Communist Manifesto” had called for a progressive income tax. (In Canada, the income tax is introduced in 1917, as a “temporary measure” to finance the war effort.)
1913 – President Woodrow Wilson publishes “The New Freedom” in which he reveals:
“Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men’s views confided to me privately. Some of the biggest men in the U.S., in the field of commerce and manufacturing, are afraid of somebody, are afraid of something. They know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they had better not speak above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it.”
Dec. 23, 1913 – The Federal Reserve (neither federal nor a reserve – it’s a privately owned institution) is created. It was planned at a secret meeting in 1910 on Jekyl Island, Georgia, by a group of bankers and politicians, including Col. House.
This transfers the power to create money from the American Government to a private group of bankers. The Federal Reserve Act is hastily passed just before the Christmas break. Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh Sr. (father of the famed aviator) warns:
“This act establishes the most gigantic trust on earth. When the President signs this act the invisible government by the money power, proven to exist by the Money Trust Investigation, will be legalized.”
1916 – Three years after signing the Federal Reserve Act into law, President Woodrow Wilson observes:
“I am a most unhappy man. I have unwittingly ruined my country. A great industrial nation is controlled by its system of credit. Our system of credit is concentrated. The growth of the nation, therefore, and all our activities are in the hands of a few men. We have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled and dominated governments in the civilized world. No longer a government by free opinion, no longer a government by conviction and the vote of the majority, but a government by the opinion and duress of a small group of dominant men.”
1917 – With aid from Financiers in New York City and London, V. I. Lenin is able to overthrow the government of Russia. Lenin later comments on the apparent contradiction of the links between prominent capitalists and Communism:
“There also exists another alliance – at first glance a strange one, a surprising one – but if you think about it, in fact, one which is well grounded and easy to understand. This is the alliance between our Communist leaders and your capitalists.”
(Remember the Hegelian dialectic?)
May 30, 1919 – Prominent British and American personalities establish the Royal Institute of International Affairs in England and the Institute of International Affairs in the U.S. at a meeting arranged by Col. House; attended by various Fabian socialists, including noted economist John Maynard Keynes.
1920 – Britain’s Winston Churchill recognizes the connection between the Illuminati and the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. He observes:
“From the days of Spartacus-Weishaupt to those of Karl Marx, to those of Trotsky, Bela Kun, Rosa Luxembourg, and Emma Goldman, this world-wide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization and for the reconstitution of society on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence and impossible equality, has been steadily growing.
It played a definitely recognizable role in the tragedy of the French Revolution. It has been the mainspring of every subversive movement during the nineteenth century, and now at last this band of extra- ordinary personalities from the underworld of the great cities of Europe and America have gripped the Russian people by the hair of their heads, and have become practically the undisputed masters of that enormous empire.”
1920-1931 – Louis T. McFadden is Chairman of the House Committee on Banking and Curency. Concerning the Federal Reserve, Congressman McFadden notes:
“When the Federal Reserve Act was passed, the people of these United States did not perceive that a world banking system was being set up here. A super-state controlled by International Bankers and international industrialists acting together to enslave the world for their own pleasure.
Every effort has been made by the Fed to conceal its powers, but the truth is – the Fed has usurped the Government. It controls everything here, and it controls all our foreign relations. It makes and breaks governments at will.” Concerning the Great Depression and the country’s acceptance of FDR’s New Deal, he asserts: “It was no accident. It was a carefully contrived occurrence. The International Bankers sought to bring about a condition of despair here so they might emerge as the rulers of us all.”
1921 – Col. House reorganizes the American branch of the Institute of International Affairs into theCouncil on Foreign Relations (CFR). (For the past 60 years, 80% of the top positions in every administration – whether Democrat or Republican – have been occupied by members of this organization.)
December 15, 1922 – The CFR endorses World Government in its magazine “Foreign Affairs.” Author Philip Kerr states:
“Obviously there is going to be no peace nor prosperity for mankind as long as the earth remains divided into 50 or 60 independent states, until some kind of international system is created. The real problem today is that of world government.”
1928 – “The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution” by H. G. Wells is published. A former Fabian socialist, Wells writes:
“The political world of the Open Conspiracy must weaken, efface, incorporate, and supersede existing governments. The Open Conspiracy is the natural inheritor of socialist and communist enthusiasms; it may be in control of Moscow before it is in control of New York. The character of the Open Conspiracy will now be plainly displayed. It will be a world religion.”
1933 – “The Shape of Things to Come” by H. G. Wells is published. Wells predicts a second world war around 1940, originating from a German-Polish dispute. After 1945, there would be an increasing lack of public safety in “criminally infected” areas.
The plan for the “Modern World State” would succeed on its third attempt, and come out of something that occurred in Basra, Iraq. The book also states:
“Although world government had been plainly coming for some years, although it had been endlessly feared and murmured against, it found no opposition anywhere.”
Nov. 21, 1933 – In a letter to Col. Edward M. House, President Franklin Roosevelt writes:
“The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the larger centers has owned the Government since the days of Andrew Jackson.”
March 1942 – An article in “TIME” magazine chronicles the Federal Council of Churches (which later becomes the National Council of Churches, a part of the World Council of Churches) lending its weight to efforts to establish a global authority.
A meeting of the top officials of the council comes out in favor of:
1) a world government of delegated powers;
2) strong immediate limitations on national sovereignty;
3) international control of all armies and navies.
Representatives (375 of them) of 30-some denominations assert that “a new order of economic life is both imminent and imperative” – a new order that is sure to come either “through voluntary cooperation within the framework of democracy or through explosive revolution.”
June 28, 1945 – U.S. President Harry Truman endorses world government in a speech:
“It will be just as easy for nations to get along in a republic of the world as it is for us to get along in a republic of the United States.”
October 24, 1945 – The United Nations Charter becomes effective. Also on October 24, Senator Glen Taylor (D-Idaho) introduces Senate Resolution 183, calling upon the U.S. Senate to go on record as favoring creation of a world republic, including an international police force.
Feb. 7, 1950 – International financier and CFR member James Warburg tells a Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee:
“We shall have world government whether or not you like it – by conquest or consent.”
Feb. 9, 1950 – The Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee introduces Senate Concurrent Resolution #66 which begins:
“Whereas, in order to achieve universal peace and justice, the present Charter of the United Nations should be changed to provide a true world government constitution.”
1952 – The World Association of Parliamentarians for World Government draws up a map designed to illustrate how foreign troops would occupy and police the six regions into which the United States and Canada will be divided as part of their world-government plan.
1954 – Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands establishes the Bilderbergers: international politicians and bankers who meet secretly on an annual basis.
1961 – The U.S. State Department issues Document 7277, entitled “Freedom From War: The U.S. Program for General and Complete Disarmament in a Peaceful World.”
It details a three-stage plan to disarm all nations and arm the U.N. with the final stage in which “no state would have the military power to challenge the progressively strengthened U.N. Peace Force.”
1966 – Professor Carroll Quigley, Bill Clinton’s mentor at Georgetown University, authors a massive volume entitled “Tragedy and Hope” in which he states:
“There does exist and has existed for a generation, an international network which operates, to some extent, in the way the radical right believes the Communists act. In fact, this network, which we may identify as the Round Table Groups, has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists, or any other groups, and frequently does so.
I know of the operations of this network because I have studied it for twenty years and was permitted for two years, in the early 1960s, to examine its papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to most of its aims, and have, for much of my life, been close to it and to many of its instruments. I have objected, both in the past and recently, to a few of its policies, but in general my chief difference of opinion is that it wishes to remain unknown, and I believe its role in history is significant enough to be known.”
April 1972 – In his keynote address to the Association for Childhood Education International, Chester M. Pierce, Professor of Education and Psychiatry in the Faculty of Medicine at Harvard University, proclaims:
“Every child in America entering school at the age of five is insane because he comes to school with certain allegiances toward our founding fathers, toward his parents, toward a belief in a supernatural being. It’s up to you, teachers, to make all of these sick children well by creating the international child of the future.”
July 1973 – International banker and staunch member of the subversive Council on Foreign Relations, David Rockefeller, founds a new organization called the Trilateral Commission, of which the official aim is “to harmonize the political, economic, social, and cultural relations between the three major economic regions in the world” (hence the name “Trilateral”).
He invites future President Jimmy Carter to become one of the founding members. Zbigniew Brzezinski is the organization’s first director.
There are three major economic areas in the world: Europe, North America, and the Far East (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, etc.).
If, under the pretext of having to join forces to be able to face economic competition with the two other economic regions, the member countries of each of these three regions decide to merge into one single country, forming three super-States, then the one-world government will be almost achieved.
Like Fabian socialists, they achieve their ultimate goal (a world government) step by step.
This aim is almost achieved in Europe with the Single European Act (Maastricht Treaty) that was implemented in 1993, requiring all the member countries of the European Community to abolish their trade barriers, and to hand over their monetary and fiscal policies to the technocrats of the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium.
In January, 2002, all these European countries abandoned their national currencies to share only one common currency, the “Euro”. Moreover, the Nice Treaty removed more powers from countries to give them over to the European Commission.
What begun innocently in 1952 as the EEC (European Economic Community, a common authority to regulate the coal and steel industry among European nations), finally turned into a European super-state.
Jean Monnet, a French socialist economist and founder of the EEC, had this in mind when he said: “Political union inevitably follows economic union.” He also said in 1948:
“The creation of a United Europe must be regarded as an essential step towards the creation of a United World.”
As regards the North American area, the merger of its member countries is well under way with the passage of free trade between Canada and the U.S.A., and then Mexico.
In the next few years, this free-trade agreement is supposed to include also all of South and Central America, with a single currency for them all.
Mexico’s President Vucente Fox said on May 6, 2002, in Madrid:
“Eventually, our long-range objective is to establish with the United States, but also with Canada, our other regional partner, an ensemble of connections and institutions similar to those created by the European Union.”
1973 – The Club of Rome, a U.N. operative, issues a report entitled “Regionalized and Adaptive Model of the Global World System.” This report divides the entire world into ten kingdoms.
1979 – FEMA, which stands for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, is given huge powers. It has the power, in case of “national emergency”, to suspend laws, move entire populations, arrest and detain citizens without a warrant, and hold them without trial.
It can seize property, food supplies, transportation systems, and can suspend the Constitution.
Not only is it the most powerful entity in the United States, but it was not even created under Constitutional law by the Congress. It was a product of a Presidential Executive Order.
An Executive Order becomes law simply by a signature of the U.S. President; it does not even have to be approved by the Representatives or Senators in the Congress.
A state of “national emergency” could be a terrorist attack, a natural disaster, or a stock market crash, for example. Here are just a few Executive Orders associated with FEMA that would suspend the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
These Executive Orders have been on record for nearly 30 years, and could be enacted by the stroke of a Presidential pen:
# 10995: Right to seize all communications media in the United States.
# 10997: Right to seize all electric power, fuels and minerals, both public and private.
# 10999: Right to seize all means of transportation, including personal vehicles of any kind, and total control of highways, seaports, and waterways.
# 11000: Right to seize any and all American people and divide up families in order to create work forces to be transferred to any place the Government sees fit.
# 11001: Right to seize all health, education and welfare facilities, both public and private.
# 11002: Right to force registration of all men, women, and children in the United States.
# 11003: Right to seize all air space, airports, and aircraft.
# 11004: Right to seize all housing and finance authorities in order to establish “Relocation Designated Areas”, and to force abandonment of areas classified as “unsafe”.
# 11005: Right to seize all railroads, inland waterways, and storage facilities, both public and private.
# 11921: Authorizes plans to establish Government control of wages and salaries, credit and the flow of money in U.S. financial institutions.
1991 – President George Bush Sr. praises the New World Order in a State of the Union Message:
“What is at stake is more than one small country; it is a big idea – a new world order… to achieve the universal aspirations of mankind… based on shared principles and the rule of law… The illumination of a thousand points of light… The winds of change are with us now.”
(Theosophist Alice Bailey used that very same expression – “points of light” – in describing the process of occult enlightenment.)
June, 1991 – World leaders are gathered for another closed door meeting of the Bilderberg Society in Baden Baden, Germany. While at that meeting, David Rockefeller said in a speech:
“We are grateful to the Washington Post, The New York Times, Time Magazine and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost forty years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years. But, the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries.”
Oct. 29, 1991 – David Funderburk, former U.S. Ambassador to Romania, tells a North Carolina audience:
“George Bush has been surrounding himself with people who believe in one-world government. They believe that the Soviet system and the American system are converging.”
May 21, 1992 – In an address to the Bilderberger organization meeting in Evian, France, former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger declares:
“Today Americans would be outraged if U.N. troops entered Los Angeles to restore order; tomorrow they will be grateful! This is especially true if they were told there was an outside threat from beyond, whether real or promulgated, that threatened our very existence.
It is then that all peoples of the world will plead with world leaders to deliver them from this evil. The one thing every man fears is the unknown. When presented with this scenario, individual rights will be willingly relinquished for the guarantee of their well being granted to them by their world government.”
July 20, 1992 – “TIME” magazine publishes “The Birth of the Global Nation,” by Strobe Talbott, Rhodes Scholar, roommate of Bill Clinton at Oxford University, CFR Director and Trilateralist (and appointed Deputy Secretary of State by President Clinton), in which he writes:
“Nationhood as we know it will be obsolete; all states will recognize a single global authority… All countries are basically social arrangements… No matter how permanent or even sacred they may seem at any one time, in fact they are all artificial and temporary… Perhaps national sovereignty wasn’t such a great idea after all… But it has taken the events in our own wondrous and terrible century to clinch the case for world government.”
1993 – A second Parliament of World Religions is held in Chicago on the 100th anniversary of the first. Like the first convention, this one seeks to join all the religions of the world into “one harmonious whole,” but it wants to make them “merge back into their original element.”
Traditional beliefs of monotheistic religions such as Christianity are considered incompatible with individual “en- lightenment”, and must be drastically altered.
July 18, 1993 – CFR member and Trilateralist Henry Kissinger writes in the “Los Angeles Times” concerning NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement):
“What Congress will have before it is not a conventional trade agreement but the architecture of a new international system…a first step toward a new world order.”
1994 – In the Human Development Report, published by the UN Development Program, there was a section called “Global Governance for the 21st Century.”
The administrator for this program was appointed by Bill Clinton. His name is James Gustave Speth. The opening sentence of the report said:
“Mankind’s problems can no longer be solved by national government. What is needed is a world government. This can best be achieved by strengthening the United Nations system.”
May 3, 1994 – President Bill Clinton signs Presidential Decision Directive 25, and then declares it classified so the American people can’t see what it says.
(The summary of PDD-25 issued to members of Congress tells us that it authorizes the President to turn over control of U.S. military units to U.N. command.)
Sept. 23, 1994 – The globalists realize that as more and more people begin to wake up to what’s going on, they have only a limited amount of time in which to implement their policies. Speaking at the United Nations Ambassadors’ dinner, David Rockefeller remarks:
“This present window of opportunity, during which a truly peaceful and interdependent world order might be built, will not be open for too long… We are on the verge of a global transformation. All we need is the right major crisis, and the nations will accept the New World Order.”
March 1995 – U.N. delegates meet in Copenhagen, Denmark, to discuss various methods for imposing global taxes on the people of the world.
Sept. 1995 – “Popular Science” magazine describes a top secret U.S. Navy installation called HAARP (High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) in the state of Alaska.
This project beams powerful radio energy into the earth’s upper atmosphere. One of the goals of the program is to develop the capability of “manipulating local weather” using the techniques developed by Bernard Eastlund.
(The program has been underway since 1990.)
September 27, 1995 – The State of the World Forum took place in the fall of this year, sponsored by the Gorbachev Foundation located at the Presidio in San Francisco.
Foundation President Jim Garrison chairs the meeting of who’s-who from around the world, including Margaret Thatcher, Maurice Strong, George Bush, Mikhail Gorbachev, and others.
Conversation centers around the oneness of mankind and the coming global government. However, the term “global gov- ernance” is now used in place of “new world order” since the latter has become a political liability, being a lightning rod for opponents of global government.
1996 – The United Nations’ 420-page report “Our Global Neighborhood” is published. It outlines a plan for “global governance,” calling for an international “Conference on Global Governance” in 1998 for the purpose of submitting to the world the necessary treaties and agreements for ratification by the year 2000.
2003 – The world is on the verge of another global war, the “state of emergency” looked for by the one-worlders to impose martial law and the universal microchip under the skin… But with the global shift in awareness, they will not have the last word!
By Theodoros Karasavvas, Ancient-Origins.net
Experts are now wondering: are giants more than just myth after all?
Did Giants Ever Exist?
In the search for proof that giants existed, people have traditionally exaggerated with unfounded stories and tales.
Interestingly, American president Abraham Lincoln once stated, inspired by viewing Niagara Falls:
“The eyes of that species of extinct giants, whose bones fill the mounds of America, have gazed on Niagara, as ours do now.
“Contemporary with the whole race of men, and older than the first man, Niagara is strong, and fresh today as 10,000 years ago.”
Apparently, Lincoln believed in the existence of giants, but was he right?
A new study says yes; well, kind of (not the kind of giants most of us would imagine).
Not the Kind of Giant You Might Imagine
Live Science reports that as part of a study-in-progress on mummies, scientists have been closely examining a skeleton found in 1901 in a tomb near Beit Khallaf in Egypt.
Previous research estimated that the bones dated from the Third Dynasty of Egypt, about 2700 BC. The initial analysis of the skeleton indicated that it belonged to Sa-Nakht, a pharaoh during the Third Dynasty.
The only two evidences about his existence are found in two seal fragments, which were excavated from Wadi Maghareh, located in the Sinai Peninsula region.
Egypt Travel Experts, Ask Aladdin, reported that the skeletal remains “of a very large-sized man” believed to be Sa-Nakht, were found in mastaba tomb K2 in Beit Khallaf, a small village of Mille Egypt.
Sa-Nakht was a notably tall man for his time, as he was around 6’2 (1.87m) tall.
Previous studies on ancient Egyptian mummies have shown that the average height for men back then was around 5’6 (1.68m), according to the study’s co-author Michael Habicht, an Egyptologist at the University of Zurich’s Institute of Evolutionary Medicine.
Of course, most ancient Egyptian royals were better fed and in better health than everyday Egyptians, so they would normally grow taller and live longer than the Egyptian commoners.
However, the nearly 6’2 remains of Sa-Nakht the scientists re-examined recently are almost five inches longer than the remains of Ramsses II, the tallest recorded ancient Egyptian pharaoh, who lived more than a millennium after Sa-Nakht and was only about 5’9 (1.75m) tall, as Habicht told Live Science.
Sa-Nakht May Have Suffered from Gigantism
Scientists who studied Sa-Nakht’s skeleton now believe that he had a condition known as gigantism, which occurs when the body produces too much growth hormone.
In most cases, this occurs because of a tumor on the pituitary gland of the brain. Habicht and his colleagues have concluded that Sa-Nakht probably suffered from gigantism after they reanalyzed the alleged skull and bones of Sa-Nakht,
“The skeleton’s long bones showed evidence of ‘exuberant growth,’ which are clear signs of gigantism,” Habicht tells Live Science.
And added, “Studying the evolutionary development of diseases is of importance for today’s medicine.”
If their diagnosis is correct, the alleged Sa-Nakht would be the oldest known palaeopathological case of gigantism in the world.
Of course, no one would describe a 6’2 human as a giant nowadays, so the definition the scientists give to describe Sa-Nakht is not compatible with what we would consider a giant today, but is based on his diagnosis of gigantism.
In fact, he probably wouldn’t have been tall enough to make a basketball team today – a typical NBA center stands in the 7-foot range!
The scientists detailed their findings in the August issue of the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
Archaeologists and other scientists have been scratching their heads trying to figure out how remarkable ancient Peruvian structures like Sacsayhuamán were constructed.
This marvelous structure consists of gigantic stones so heavy that our modern machinery can hardly move and put in place.
Does the key to the puzzle lie in a certain very specific plant that gave the ancient Peruvians possibility to soften stone or is the answer to the mystery access to advanced ancient technology that could melt stone?
According to researchers Jan Peter de Jong , Christopher Jordan Jesus Gamarra, the granite walls in Cuzco show evidence of being heated to a very high degree and vitrified- the outside surface becoming glassy and very smooth.
Based on this observation, Jong, Jordan and Gamarra draw the conclusion that “some sort of high tech device was used to melt stone blocks which were then placed and allowed to cool next to hard, jigsaw-polygonal blocks that were already in place.
Researchers Jong and Jordan propose that several ancient civilizations world-wide were familiar with the high-tech melting of stone technology. They also say that “the stones on some of the ancient streets in Cuzco have been vitrified by some high temperature to give them their characteristic glassy texture. Read more
The Hypogeum of Hal-Saflieni inMalta has special significance due to its remarkable acoustic properties. The Hypogeum of Hal-Saflieni is an underground cave system covering around 500m² on 3 levels, with various inter-connecting corridors and passageways that lead to a number of small chambers, built between 3000-2500BC. The cave system was re-discovered in 1902 and since then there has been particular interest in one of the rooms, named the “Oracle Chamber”. With its ceilings intact, the underground structure holds secrets of a strange play of sound in the stone rooms and halls; a “forgotten” technology which operates on the human emotional sphere. The space is said to amplify voices dramatically, with certain frequencies resonating enough to be felt through the body.
The Hal Saflieni hypogeum has a dark history. Researchers have discovered the hypogeum of Hal Saflieni contained the bodies of over 7,000 people, a ‘speaking chamber’, trilithons, lintelled-doorways, a large cistern and a ‘holy of holies’ surrounded by ’embryonic’ chambers. What experiments were conducted in this bizarre and mysterious place? Read more
This amazing artifact clearly shows that our ancestors were far ahead of their time. In fact they were so advanced that they may even have been inventors of what we today call nanotechnology.
This extraordinary cup is the only surviving complete example made from dichroic glass, which changes colour when held up to the light. When light is shone through the body of the cup it turns from opaque green to a glowing translucent red. The glass contains tiny amounts of colloidal gold and silver, which give it these unusual optical properties. Read more
Another good example revealing our ancestors were familiar with nanotechnology are the strange microscopically small nanospirals within material that had to be at least 100,000 years old have been detected in several places, during a routine investigation of mineral deposits in the Ural Mountains in 1992.
The origin of these extraordinary but strange artifacts that the human eye can barely see – is still not explained. Read more
A small, undecorated artifact with rather plain appearance, is believed by some scientists to be an example of a prehistoric, electrical power source. It’s the so-called Baghdad Battery, also known as the Parthian Battery.
The artifact – thought to be a 2,000-year-old electric battery – was found in 1936 by railroad workers in the area of Tel Khujut Rabu, south of Baghdad.
Most sources date the batteries to around 200 BC, but the first known electric battery – the Voltaic pile – was not invented by Italian physicist Alessandro Volta until 1799.
The bottoms of these mysterious cylinders were capped with copper discs and sealed with bitumen or asphalt. Another insulating layer of bitumen sealed the tops of the pots and held in place iron rods suspended into the center of the copper cylinders.
The rods showed a strong evidence of having been corroded by an acid solution that evaporated long ago. Read more
The Antediluvians had technologies that matched our own; there are also serious indications that in certain areas they even possessed extraordinary knowledge, which has only hardly been nudged by our present-day science.
Highly advanced hardening techniques of the ancients as well as ancient castings of large pieces were widespread in antiquity. Our ancestors were in possession of an extremely sophisticated scientific knowledge of metalworking from an earlier civilization and evidence of this knowledge was found in different parts of the world.
China with a long history in metallurgy, was the earliest civilization that manufactured cast iron and some of the ancient Chinese feats of casting iron are so impressive as to be almost unbelievable.
Ancient Indians, for example, produced iron capable of withstanding corrosion, most likely due to the high phosphorus content of the iron produced during those times.
A column of cast iron 23 feet (7 meters) high, weighing approximately 6 tons with diameter of 16.4 inches stands in the courtyard of Kutb Minar in Delhi, India.
An inscription in the Sanskrit language informs that the column was originally erected in the temple of Muttra and capped with Garuda – “Messenger of the Gods” – an image of the bird incarnation of the god Vishnu, the Indian god known as “The Preserver”. Read more
This incredible technology was widespread in antiquity and evidence of it can be found in all corners of the world. Prehistoric builders used stones, the toughest surfacing material found on Earth to create perfectly round holes.
This impressive cutting-holes-in-stone technique reveals our ancestors were familiar with an extremely advanced technology we have long been unable to use.
Large-sized holes found in ancient stone demanded engineering skills and proper cutting equipment. Read more
The Norse sagas mention a mysterious “sunstone” – a magical stone which showed sailors road when the sun disappeared.
Now researchers say the stone is real and it’s a special crystal. One of the reasons why the existences of sunstones have long been disputed is because they are contained in the saga of Saint Olaf, a tale with many magical elements.
However, this has changed and now. Sunstones can no longer be considered just a myth. Archaeologists have discovered a special crystal that suggests legendary Viking sunstones did exists in reality. Read more
Ancients were in possession of very sophisticated knowledge. Ancient gold and silversmiths used mercury, which was produced more than 8,000 years ago in Turkey. Mercury was used for gilding (domes, interiors of cathedrals, religious figures and more) in many parts of the ancient world.
Many of the ancients’ techniques are still unknown. They were so skilled that some of the quality they achieved has still not been matched.
In ancient times, these sophisticated methods were used to produce and decorate different types of artefacts, such as jewels, statues, amulets, and commonly-used objects. Gilders performed these processes not only to decorate objects but also to simulate the appearance of gold or silver, sometimes fraudulently. From a technological point of view, the aim of these workmen over 2000 years ago was to make the precious metal coatings as thin and adherent as possible. This was in order to save expensive metals and to improve the resistance to the wear caused by continued use and circulation.
Recent findings confirm the high level of competence reached by the ancient artists and craftsmen and stresses an artistic quality of the objects they produced could not be bettered in ancient times and has not yet been reached in modern ones. Read more
In 1900, an amazing encrusted bronze object of undetermined use was found on the small island of Antikythera, 25 miles northwest of Crete. One of the curious scientists decided to clean it and found that it was a complex instrument with cog-wheels fitting one into another.
Finely graduated circles and inscriptions marked on the instrument in ancient Greek were apparently related to its function. Based on the cargo, it was dated to about the 1st century BC.
It seemed to be a sort of astronomical clock without pendulum but no Greek or Roman writer has ever described such an ancient computer, though many other wonders of antiquity are mentioned. Read more
In ancient China we come across a number of highly advanced robots that could sing, dance, act like servants and perform many other surprising tasks.
Some of these remarkable robots are even said to have possessed life-like organs such as bones, muscles, joints, skin and hair.
It’s a quite remarkable considering it is only recently our modern civilization has started to develop human-like robots.
There is no doubt mechanical engineering in ancient China reached a very high level.
In what could be an enormously significant finding for Buddhists around the world, archaeologists in China have unearthed an ancient ceramic box containing cremated human remains, which carries an inscription saying they belong to Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama.
Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha or “Enlightened One,” is probably one of the most influential individuals to come out of India through the founding of Buddhism. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BC. According to the Mahaparinibbana Sutta of the Pali canon, at the age of 80, the Buddha announced that he would soon reach Parinirvana, or the final deathless state, and abandon his earthly body.
After his death, Buddha’s cremation relics are said to have been divided amongst 8 royal families and his disciples. Legends say that, centuries later, they were enshrined by King Ashoka into 84,000 stupas. Many of the remains were supposedly taken to other countries.
The Death of the Buddha, a hanging scroll painting at the British Museum. Credit: Trustees of the British Museum
Around 1,000 years ago, two monks named Yunjiang and Zhiming, spent two decades gathering together the remains of the Buddha, which had been distributed around India and other countries.
Live Science reports that the newly-discovered box, which was unearthed in Jingchuan County, China, came with an inscription dated to June 22, 1013. It states
The monks Yunjiang and Zhiming of the Lotus School, who belonged to the Mañjuśrī Temple of the Longxing Monastery in Jingzhou Prefecture, gathered more than 2,000 pieces of śarīra [cremated remains of the Buddha], as well as the Buddha’s teeth and bones, and buried them in the Mañjuśrī Hall of this temple.
In order to promote Buddhism, they wanted to collect śarīra [Buddhist relics]. To reach this goal, both of them practiced the instruction of Buddhism during every moment of their lives for more than 20 years. Sometimes they received the śarīra from others’ donations; sometimes they found them by chance; sometimes they bought them from other places; and sometimes others gave them the śarīra to demonstrate their wholeheartedness.”
The ceramic box containing human remains believed to belong to Buddha. Credit: Chinese Cultural Relics
According to Live Science, archaeologists identified cremated human remains inside the ancient ceramic box, and while it is impossible to say with certainty whether they are indeed the remains of Siddhārtha Gautama, the 1,000-year-old inscription certainly suggests this is the case.
The discovery was first made back in December 2012 while a group of villagers were repairing roads. After years of archaeological excavations at the site, the historically significant finding was reported in Chinese in 2016. Now, the discovery has reached the English-speaking world for the first time in the journal Chinese Cultural Relics.
Top image: A statue of Buddha (CC by SA 4.0)