U.S. Civil War: The US-Russian Alliance that Saved the Union

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At the point of maximum war danger between Great Britain and the United States, the London satirical publication Punch published a vicious caricature of US President Abraham Lincoln and Russian Tsar Alexander II, demonizing the two friends as bloody oppressors. 

From Punch, October 24, 1863.

 “Who was our friend when the world was our foe.” – 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1871

One hundred fifty years after the attack on Fort Sumter, the international strategic dimension of the American Civil War represents a much-neglected aspect of Civil War studies. In offering a survey of some of the main issues involved, one feels required to justify the importance of the topic. It is indeed true that, as things turned out, the international strategic dimension of the 1861-65 conflict was of secondary importance. However, it was an aspect that repeatedly threatened to thrust itself into the center of the war, transforming the entire nature of the conflict and indeed threatening to overturn the entire existing world system. The big issue was always a British-French attack on the United States to preserve the Confederate States of America. This is certainly how Union and Confederate leaders viewed the matter, and how some important people in London, St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin did as well.

The result is that today, the international dimension is consistently underestimated: even a writer as sophisticated as Richard Franklin Bensel can repeatedly insist in his recent Yankee Leviathan that the US development over the decade before the Civil War was “acted out in a vacuum,” while asserting that “the relative isolation of the United States on the North American continent contributed to the comparative unimportance of nationalism in American life prior to secession.” [1] Reports of American isolation, however, were already exaggerated in the era of a British fleet that could summer in the Baltic and winter in the Caribbean.

Views of the domestic side of the Civil War have often been colored by the sectional loyalties of the authors. In the diplomatic sphere, the international alignments of 1861-65 have been experienced as something of an embarrassment or aberration by American scholars of the twentieth century, at least partly because they inverted the alliance patterns that emerged after 1900. In 1865, the United States was friendly to Russia and Prussia, and resentful and suspicious in regard to Britain and France, whose governments had sympathized with and supported the Confederacy. The general tendency of US historians in 1915 or 1945 or 1952 seems to have been to put the best possible face on things, or, better yet, turn to another area of inquiry. As the Civil War centennial approached, the historian Allan Nevins addressed this issue rather directly in a chapter of his 1960 “War for the Union”. Here he dramatically evoked the immense worldwide significance of Civil War diplomacy in a fascinating paragraph to which Howard Jones calls attention. Nevins, horrified by the idea of US war with Britain, wrote:

It is hardly too much to say that the future of the world as we know it was at stake. A conflict between Great Britain and America would have crushed all hope of the mutual understanding and growing collaboration which led up to the practical alliance of 1917-18, and the outright alliance which began in 1941. It would have made vastly more difficult if not impossible the coalition which defeated the Central Powers in the First World War, struck down Nazi tyranny in the Second World War, and established the unbreakable front of Western freedom against Communism. Anglo-French intervention in the American conflict would probably have confirmed the splitting and consequent weakening of the United States; might have given French power in Mexico a long lease, with the ruin of the Monroe Doctrine; and would perhaps have led to the Northern conquest of Canada. The forces of political liberalism in the modern world would have received a disastrous setback. No battle, not Gettysburg, not the Wilderness, was more important than the context waged in the diplomatic arena and the forum of public opinion. The popular conception of this contest is at some points erroneous, and at a few grossly fallacious…. (Nevins II, 242)

While Nevins does make the point that these questions are important, he feels that many accounts are unfair to Lord Russell, the British foreign secretary, and to Prime Minister Palmerston. Nevins sees Palmerston as a man of peace, an attitude which is impossible to square with the bellicose imperialist bluster of Lord Pam’s civis romanus suminterventionism. Between about 1848 and 1863, the British Empire was at the aggressive height of its world power, had launched attacks on China, India, and Russia, and in the 1860s was backing Napoleon III’s adventure in Mexico and Spain’s in Santo Domingo, both direct challenges to the US Monroe Doctrine. This is a context which often gets lost. Otherwise, Nevins’ assertion that Britain “did not like other nations to fight” turns reality on its head; the greatest art of the Foreign Office was that of divide and conquer. Finally, Nevins pays no attention to the deterrent effect of Russia’s refusal to countenance any European intervention against the Union.

Like so many other historians, Nevins would seem to have allowed the needs of the Cold War present to shape his view of the past — the tendency against which Sir Herbert Butterfield, long Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, warned in the 1930s when we wrote that “it is part and parcel of the Whig interpretation of history that it studies the past with reference to the present….” [2] In Butterfield’s view, this is a method which “has often been an obstruction to historical understanding because it has been taken to mean the study of the past with direct and perpetual reference to the present….it might be called the historian’s ‘pathetic fallacy.’” (Butterfield 11, 30) The following comments are inspired by the conviction that Union diplomacy was Lincoln’s diplomacy, and that it offers valuable lessons for today.

As far as I have been able to determine, there exists no modern exhaustive study of Civil War diplomacy. Of the books I have seen, D. P. Crook comes closest. Crook’s 1974 work is a very serviceable and reliable survey of the entire topic. Crook naturally places US-British relations at the center of his account, focusing on the three crises when UK and/or French intervention against the Union was threatened: the Trent affair of late 1861-1862; the push for intervention by Lord Russell and Gladstone after Antietam in October-November 1862; and the mid-1863 Laird rams/Polish rebellion flare-up (which Howard Jones, by contrast, omits from consideration). For Crook, Secretary of State Seward is the center of attention on the Union side, rather than Lincoln. But Lincoln repeatedly had to override Seward, as in the case of the Secretary of State’s 1861 reckless “foreign war panacea” proposal for a US war against France and Spain (probably involving Britain as well), which Lincoln wisely rejected in favor of his “one war at a time” policy. Here Bensel is of the opinion that Seward’s proposal “revealed the new secretary of state’s profound awareness of the narrow basis of northern nationalism during the early months of the Lincoln administration.” (Bensel 12n) Another view is that Seward was looking for a means of saving face while permitting the south to secede. Seward’s panacea theory can also be seen as a flight forward, a kind of political nervous breakdown. Crook has almost nothing to say about the pro-Union role of Prussia (which surely dissuaded Napoleon III from greater activism), nor about the Holy See, where Pius IX – who had lost his moorings after having been driven out of Rome by Mazzini in 1849 — was pro-Confederate and highly controversial at the time. He also plays down the central importance of Russia for the Union. As for Napoleon II, Crook follows the misleading tradition of stressing the conflicts and suspicion between Napoleon III and Palmerston while downplaying the fundamental fact that Napoléon le petit (who had once been a British constable) always operated within the confines of a Franco-British alliance in which he provided the bulk of the land forces but was decidedly the junior partner.

In contrast to Lincoln, Confederate President Jefferson Davis took almost no interest in diplomatic affairs. The Confederacy sent envoys to London and Paris, but never bothered to even send a representative to St. Petersburg, which turned out to be the most important capital of all.

The Threat of British Intervention

The two great interlocutors of Union foreign policy were Great Britain and Russia, and the geopolitical vicissitudes of the twentieth century tended to distort perceptions of both, minimizing the importance of both British threat and Russian friendship. Crook, in his valuable bibliographical essay, traces this tendency back to the “Great Rapprochement” between Britain and the US in the early twentieth century. The standard work on US-UK relations, Crook notes, was for many years E. D. Adams’ Great Britain and the American Civil War, which plays down friction between London and Washington, and narrates events “from the meridian of London.” (Crook 381)

The Russia-American Special Relationship that Saved the Union

Adams tells his reader that he does not view his topic as part of American history; rather, he poses for himself the contorted question of “how is the American Civil War to be depicted by historians of Great Britain…?” (Adams I 2) Adams treats the autumn crisis of 1862 as the main danger point of US-UK conflict, writing that “here, and here only, Great Britain voluntarily approached the danger of becoming involved in the American conflict.” (Adams II 34) He pleads for understanding for the much-vituperated British role, recalling that “the great crisis in America was almost equally a crisis in the domestic history of Great Britain itself…,” and providing valuable materials in this regard. (Adams I 2) Adams generally relegates Russo-American diplomacy to the footnotes, mentioning the “extreme friendship” and even the “special relationship” of these two nations. In the North, he notes, Russia was viewed as a “true friend” in contrast to the “unfriendly neutrality” of Great Britain and France. (Adams II, 45n, 70n, 225) But for Adams, the main lesson is that the Anglo-American disputes of the Civil War era have “distorted” the “natural ties of friendship, based upon ties of blood and a common heritage of literature and history and law” which exist or ought to exit between the two countries. Those disputes, he suggests, can be relegated to the category of “bitter and exaggerated memories.” (Adams II 305)

Seward, 1861: A US-UK War Would “Wrap the World in Flames”

Kenneth Bourne’s Britain and the Balance of Power in North America, 1815-1908 provides an effective antidote to such sentimental thinking in the form of a notable chapter (singled out for attention by Crook) on the British planning for war with the United States at the time of the Trent affair in December-January 1861, when Seward threatened to “wrap the world in flames” and the British lion roared in reply. [3] Two Confederate envoys, Mason and Slidell, were taken off the British merchant ship Trent by a US warship as they were sailing to plead the cause of intervention in London and Paris; the London press became hysterical with rage, and the anti-Union group in the cabinet saw their chance to start a transatlantic war. This study draws not only upon the British Admiralty archives in the Public Record Office, but also on the papers of Admiral Sir Alexander Milne in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich. Bourne depicts the British predicament as their “defenceless” position in Canada, even with the help of the 10,000 additional regular infantry which Palmerston deployed in response to the crisis. (Bourne 211) A recurrent British fear was that their soldiers would desert to the American side, urged on by “crimps.” (Bourne 217). Their Canadian vulnerability, the British thought, encouraged Seward and others to twist the tail of the British lion. The US had the only serious warships on the Great Lakes, British fortifications were weak, Canadian volunteers were scarce, and there were few decent muskets for them. The greatest problem was that the Saint Lawrence River was blocked by ice in winter, preventing re-enforcements from reaching Quebec City by water; the only roads inland went dangerously parallel to the Maine border. Some of the British staff officers had to land in Boston and take the Grand Trunk Railway to Montreal. [4] One is left with the impression that winter ice might have cooled Palmerston’s aggressivity even before Seward’s release of the captured Confederate envoys Mason and Slidell did.

Admiralty Plans to Bombard and Burn Boston and New York

The heart of the British strategy in case of war was “overwhelming naval strength based on a few select fortresses,” especially Bermuda and Halifax (in today’s Nova Scotia). (Bourne 208) British Prime Minister Lord Palmerston dispatched a powerful squadron of eight ships of the line and thirteen frigates and corvettes under Admiral Milne to the western Atlantic, and wanted to use the Great Eastern, the largest ship in the world, as a troop transport. London even considered ways to foment secession in Maine. Bombarding and burning both Boston and New York was actively considered as a contingency; it was concluded that the reduction of Boston would be very difficult because of the channels and forts; New York was seen as more vulnerable, especially to a surprise attack. An Admiralty hydrographer saw New York City as “the true heart of [US] commerce, — the centre of …maritime resources; to strike her would be to paralyse all the limbs.” (Bourne 240)

New US Monitors Deterred the British Fleet

By the time spring of 1862 came, the Monitor had come on the scene, further complicating British intervention. The Royal Navy had ironclads, but they were only usable in deep water. Bourne aptly notes that “the American monitors might have played havoc with any attempt by the older wooden frigates to maintain a close blockade” of Union ports. (Bourne 240) As more vessels of the Monitor type were produced by the US, this aspect of the British predicament became even more acute. The point of detailing these facts here is to suggest the existence of a fascinating array of neglected issues. Crook at least sketches this strategic picture before he falls back on the maudlin tradition that it was the dying Prince Albert who was instrumental in restraining Palmerston’s jingoism and avoiding war. Crook also recognizes that in any warlike denouement to the Trent affair, “world-shaking trading and political alignments would be forged.” (136)

Howard Jones, in his account of Anglo-American relations written just after the Thatcher era and the end of the Cold War, pays very little attention to the salient military aspects of the Atlantic situation. Jones offers a limited and legalistic interpretation of the threat of British intervention. He calls “special attention” to the fact that “the most outspoken opponent” of intervention in the British cabinet was the Secretary for War, George Cornewall Lewis. This role emerged through public speeches and cabinet memoranda issued in the wake of Gladstone’s well-known speech in praise of Jefferson Davis and the Confederacy at Tyneside on October 7, 1862. However, the role of Lewis had already been highlighted at some length by Crook, who classified Lewis as “one of the ‘do-nothing’ school rather than a partisan,” and possibly urged on by Palmerston for invidious reasons. (Crook 233) Jones argues that “the great majority of British interventionists were not malevolent persons who wanted the American republic to commit national suicide so they might further their own ends; they wanted to stop the war for the sake of humanity in general and British textile workers in particular.” (Jones 8 ) It is hard to ascribe such humanitarian motives to a group of politicians who had, according to contemporary accounts, recently shocked the world by their murderous atrocities carried out during the repression of the Sepoy Mutiny in India. Jones regards Lewis’s memoranda more as legal briefs rather than strategic estimates: “Lewis knew that they key person he had to dissuade from intervention was Russell. He also knew that the foreign secretary relied on history and international law to justify his stand and that the only way to undermine his argument for intervention was to appeal to that same history and international law.” (Jones 224) This analysis does not capture what actually went on in the brutal deliberations of the dominant power politicians and imperialists of the age, who were more impressed by American monitors and by Russian infantry divisions than by legalistic niceties or high ideals. Given this emphasis, it is not surprising that Jones has little interest in the Russian aspect of the problem, although he does concede that “Russia’s pro-Union sentiment prevented participation in any policy alien to the Lincoln Administration’s wishes.” (Jones 228)

The Union and Russia

The Russian-British rivalry was of course the central antagonism of European history after the Napoleonic era, and the Russian attitude towards London coincided with the traditional American resentment against the former colonial power. Benjamin Platt Thomas’s older study shows that the US-Russian convergence became decisive during the Crimean War; while Britain, France and the Ottoman Empire attacked Russia, the United States was ostentatiously friendly to the court of St. Petersburg. He depicts Russian minister to Washington Éduard de Stoeckl as a diplomat “whose sole aim was to nurture the chronic anti-British feeling in the United States.” (Thomas 111) According to Thomas, Stoeckl succeeded so well that there was even a perceptible chance that the United States might enter the Crimean War on the Russian side. The US press and public were all on the side of Russia, and hostile to the Anglo-French, to the chagrin of the erratic US President Pierce (who had been close to Admiralty agent Giuseppe Mazzini’s pro-British Young America organization) and the doughface politician James Buchanan. The latter, at that time US envoy to London, embraced the British view of the Tsar as “the Despot.” (Thomas 117) Thomas finds that “the Crimean War undoubtedly proved the wisdom of Russia’s policy of cultivating American friendship, and in fact, drew the two nations closer together.” (Thomas 120) But Thomas glosses over some of the more important US-UK frictions during this phase, which included British army recruiting in the US, and the ejection of the British ambassador as persona non grata. (Thomas 120)

Turning to the conflict of 1861-65, Thomas points out that “in the first two years of the war, when its outcome was still highly uncertain, the attitude of Russia was a potent factor in preventing Great Britain and France from adopting a policy of aggressive intervention.” (Thomas 129) He shows that the proposed British-French interference promoted by Lord Russell, the Foreign Secretary, in October 1862 was “deterred at this time mainly” by the Russian attitude, and cites Russell’s note to Palmerston concluding that Britain “ought not to move at present without Russia.” [5] (Thomas 132)

The critical importance of Russian help in deterring the British and Napoleon III as well is borne out by a closer analysis. As early as 1861, Russia alerted the Lincoln government to the machinations of Napoleon III, who was already scheming to promote a joint UK-France-Russia intervention in favor of the Confederacy. [6] As Henry Adams, the son and private secretary of US Ambassador to London Charles Francis Adams, sums up the strategic situation during Lee’s first invasion of Maryland, on the eve of the Battle of Antietam: These were the terms of this singular problem as they presented themselves to the student of diplomacy in 1862: Palmerston, on September 14, under the impression that the President was about to be driven from Washington and the Army of the Potomac dispersed, suggested to Russell that in such a case, intervention might be feasible. Russell instantly answered that, in any case, he wanted to intervene and should call a Cabinet for the purpose. Palmerston hesitated; Russell insisted….” [7]

On September 22, 1862, Lincoln used the Confederate repulse at Antietam to issue a warning that slavery would be abolished in areas still engaged in rebellion against the United States on January 1, 1863. The Russian Tsar Alexander II had liberated the 23 million serfs of the Russian Empire in 1861, so this underlined the nature of the US-Russian convergence as a force for human freedom. This imminent Emancipation Proclamation was also an important political factor in slowing Anglo-French meddling, but it would not have been decisive by itself. The British cabinet, as Seward had predicted, regarded emancipation as an act of desperation. The London Timesaccused Lincoln in lurid and racist terms of wanting to provoke a slave rebellion and a race war,

Gladstone’s Open Hostility to the United States, October 7, 1862

On October 7, 1862, despite the news that the Confederates had been repulsed at Antietam, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer William Gladstone, who spoke for Lord John Russell, pressed for British intervention against the Union and on the side of the Confederacy in a speech at Tyneside, saying: “. . . We know quite well that the people of the Northern States have not yet drunk of the cup [of defeat and partition] — they are still trying to hold it far from their lips — which all the rest of the world see they nevertheless must drink of. We may have our own opinions about slavery; we may be for or against the South; but there is no doubt that Jefferson Davis and other leaders of the South have made an army; they are making, it appears, a navy; and they have made, what is more than either, they have made a nation… We may anticipate with certainty the success of the Southern States so far as regards their separation from the North”. [8]

It was practically a declaration of war against the Lincoln government, and it also contained a lie, since Gladstone knew better than most that the only navy the Confederacy ever had was the one provided with British connivance.

On October 13, 1862 Lord John Russell called a meeting of the British cabinet for October 23, with the top agenda item being a deliberation on the “duty of Europe to ask both parties, in the most friendly and conciliatory terms, to agree to a suspension of arms.” [9] Russell wanted an ultimatum to Washington and Richmond for an armistice or cease-fire, followed by a lifting of the Union blockade of southern ports, followed then by negotiations leading to Washington’s recognition of the CSA as an independent state. If the Union refused, then Britain would recognize the CSA and in all probability begin military cooperation with the Confederates.

US Ambassador Charles Francis Adams asked Russell in advance of the October 23 cabinet meeting what he had in mind. As his son and private secretary Henry Adams recounts, “On October 23, Russell assured Adams that no change in policy was now proposed. On the same day he had proposed it, and was voted down.” Henry Adams was doubtless correct in his impression that “every act of Russell, from April, 1861, to November, 1862, showed the clearest determination to break up the Union.” [10]

At this point, Napoleon III of France invited London to join him in a move against the Union. According to Adams’ memoir, “Instantly Napoleon III appeared as the ally of Russell and Gladstone with a proposition which had no sense except as a bribe to Palmerston to replace America, from pole to pole, in her old dependence on Europe, and to replace England in her old sovereignty of the seas, if Palmerston would support France in Mexico…. The only resolute, vehement, conscientious champion of Russell, Napoleon III, and Jefferson Davis was Gladstone.” [11] Napoleon III had conferred with the Confederate envoy Slidell and proposed that France, England, and Russia impose a six-month armistice on the US and CSA. Napoleon III believed that if Lincoln did not accept his intrusion, this would provide a pretext for Anglo-French recognition of the CSA, followed by military intervention against the Union. [12] There was no real hope of getting pro-Union Russia to join such an initiative, and the reason Napoleon III included Russia was merely as camouflage to cloak the fact that the whole enterprise was a hostile act against Washington.

Russia Rejects the Anglo-French Intrigues for Interference

The clouds of world war gathered densely over the planet. Russell and Gladstone, now joined by Napoleon III, continued to demand aggressive meddling in US affairs. This outcome was avoided because of British and French fears of what Russia might do if the continued to launch bellicose gestures against the Union. On October 29, 1862 there occurred in St. Petersburg an extremely cordial meeting of Russian Foreign Minister Gortchakov with US chargé d’affaires Bayard Taylor, which was marked by a formal Russian pledge never to move against the US, and to oppose any attempt by other powers to do so. Taylor reported these comments by Gortchakov to the State Department: “You know the sentiments of Russia. We desire above all things the maintenance of the American Union as one indivisible nation. We cannot take any part, more than we have done. We have no hostility to the Southern people. Russia has declared her position and will maintain it. There will be proposals of intervention [by Britain and France]. We believe that intervention could do no good at present. Proposals will be made to Russia to join some plan of interference. She will refuse any intervention of the kind. Russia will occupy the same ground as at the beginning of the struggle. You may rely upon it, she will not change. But we entreat you to settle the difficulty. I cannot express to you how profound an anxiety we feel — how serious are our fears.” [13]

The Journal de St. Petersbourg, the official gazette of the Tsarist government, denounced the Anglo-French intervention plan against the US, which had been inspired by Russell. This article helped prevent a wider war: the British cabinet, informed of the Russian attitude by telegraph, voted down Russell’s aggressive project. Russell made his last bid to swing the British cabinet in favor of a policy of interference together with Napoleon III against the Union on November 12, 1862, but he was unable to carry the day, and this turned out to be his last chance for the year.

Seward thought that if the Anglo-French were to assail the Union, they would soon find themselves at war with Russia as well. He wrote to John Bigelow early in the war: “I have a belief that the European State, whichever one it may be, that commits itself to intervention anywhere in North America, will sooner or later fetch up in the arms of a native of an oriental country not especially distinguished for amiability of manners or temper.” (Thomas 128)

Adams to Russell: Superfluous to Point Out this Means War

The summer of 1863, despite the news of Gettysburg and Vicksburg, was marked by another close brush with US-UK war. It was on September 5, 1863 that US Ambassador Charles Francis Adams told Lord Russell that if the Laird rams – powerful ironclad warships capable of breaking the Union blockade which were then under construction in England — were allowed to leave port, “It would be superfluous in me to point out to your Lordship that this is war.” [14] Lord Russell had to pause, and then backed off entirely. The Laird rams were put under surveillance by the British government on September 9, and finally seized by the British government in mid-October, 1863. (Adams II 147) They never fought for the Confederacy.

A revolt against Russian domination of Poland, incited by the British, started in 1863 and lasted into late 1864. Crook points out that it was Lord Russell who told Lord Lyons in March 1863 that the Polish issue had the potential to create a Russo-American common front and thus revolutionize world power relations, evidently to the detriment of London. (Crook 285) Such a prophecy was coherent with the then -fashionable ideas of de Tocqueville about Russia and America as the two great powers of the future.

The Russian Fleets in New York and San Francisco

The most dramatic gestures of cooperation between the Russian Empire and the United States came in the autumn of 1863, as the Laird rams crisis hung in the balance. On September 24, the Russian Baltic fleet began to arrive in New York harbor. On October 12, the Russian Far East fleet began to arrive in San Francisco. The Russians, judging that they were on the verge of war with Britain and France over the British-fomented Polish insurrection of 1863, had taken this measure to prevent their ships from being bottled up in their home ports by the superior British fleet. These ships were also the tokens of the vast Russian land armies that could be thrown in the scales on a number of fronts, including the northwest frontier of India; the British had long been worried about such an eventuality. In mid-July 1863, French Foreign Minister Droun de Lhuys was offering London the joint occupation of Poland by means of invasion. But the experience of the Confederate commerce raiders had graphically illustrated just how effective even a limited number of warships could be when they turned to commerce raiding, which is what the Russian naval commanders had been ordered to do in case of hostilities. The Russian admirals had also been told that, if the US and Russia were to find themselves at war with Britain and France, the Russian ships should place themselves under Lincoln’s command and operate in synergy with the US Navy against the common enemies. It is thus highly significant that the Russian ships were sent to the United States.

US Navy Secretary Gideon Welles: “God Bless the Russians”

Coming on the heels of the bloody Union reverse at Chickamauga, the news of the Russian fleet unleashed an immense wave of euphoria in the North. It was this moment that inspired the later verses of Oliver Wendell Holmes, one of the most popular writers in America, for the 1871 friendship visit of the Russian Grand Duke Alexis:

Bleak are our shores with the blasts of December, Fettered and chill is the rivulet’s flow; Thrilling and warm are the hearts that remember Who was our friend when the world was our foe. Fires of the North in eternal communion, Blend your broad flashes with evening’s bright star; God bless the Empire that loves the Great Union Strength to her people! Long life to the Czar! [15]

The Russians, as Clay reported to Seward and Lincoln, were delighted in turn by the celebration of their fleets, which stayed in American waters for over six months as the Polish revolt was quelled. The Russian officers were lionized and feted, and had their pictures taken by the famous New York photographer Matthew Brady. When an attack on San Francisco by the Confederate cruiser Shenandoah seemed to be imminent, the Russian admiral there gave orders to his ships to defend the city if necessary. There were no major Union warships on the scene, so Russia was about to fight for the United States. In the event, the Confederate raider did not attack. Soon after the war, Russia sold Alaska to the United States, in part because they felt that an influx of Americans searching for gold was inevitable, and in part to keep the British from seizing control of this vast region. Lincoln’s Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles wrote in his diary, “The Russian fleet has come out of the Baltic and is now in New York, or a large number of the vessels have arrived…. In sending them to this country at this time there is something significant.” Welles was fully justified in his famous concluding words, “God bless the Russians!” [16]

This exceedingly cordial Russo-American friendship set the tone of much nineteenth-century historiography; Thomas indicates that a darker view of Russian motivation began to be heard around 1915 with the work of Professor Frank A. Golder, who emphasized that the Russians were only following their own national interests. [17] According to Thomas, it was “not until Professor Golder published the result of his researches that the matter was finally cleared up and those who were less gullible were found to be correct.” (Thomas 138) Surely no one needs to be reminded that great nations defend their national interests. Disinterested philanthropists are admittedly rare in foreign ministries. However, when the interests converge, alliance de jureor de facto may result, and these can have far-reaching significance. During the American Civil War, the Russian attitude was the most powerful outside factor deterring Anglo-French interference. The need of Russia to prepare its own defenses during the Polish crisis of 1863 was perfectly legitimate and a secret to no one. Nevertheless, Thomas feels compelled to harp repeatedly on point that “the policy of Russia was dictated solely by self-interest.” (Thomas 127)

For Crook, the visiting squadrons were not a fleet, but a “fleet,” and a “not very seaworthy” one at that. In his view, the entire matter can be written off as “popular hysteria” and “folklore”. (Crook 317) The attempt to play down the Russian angle is evident. When Simon Cameron is sent to St. Petersburg as US Ambassador, Woldman and others can see nothing in this but an “exile in Siberia.” (Woldman 115) Another favorite target is Cassius Clay, the very capable US Ambassador to Russia for most of the Civil War (apart from the brief Simon Cameron interlude). Crook retails Bayard Taylor’s crack to Horace Greeley that Clay was “better suited to the meridian of Kentucky than of St. Petersburg.” (Crook 44) In reality, St. Petersburg was on a par with London as one of the two most sensitive and important diplomatic posts the Union had. Cassius Clay, who called himself a “remote relative” of Lincoln’s great American System mentor Henry Clay, was a distinguished American diplomat who played a critical role in saving the Union. Another important US diplomat of the time was the Bostonian John Lothrop Motley, who became a friend of the future Prussian leader Otto von Bismarck while studying at the University of Goettingen. Motley served in US legation in St. Petersburg and from 1861-1867 as the US minister to the Austrian Empire, and later wrote an important biography of Oldenbarneveld, the father of the Dutch Republic, and other studies of Dutch history.

Woldman, at the height of the Cold War, devoted an entire book to denigrating the importance of the US-Russian entente cordiale and of the Russian fleet in particular. In addition to Golder, he cites Professor E. A. Adamov as a key precursor of his views. [18] For Woldman, the Russia of 1863 was already an international pariah, “the most hated nation in Europe,” whose policy reflected “no concern or friendship for the United States.” At the hands of Woldman, the well-established Russo-American amity of the 1850s, 1860s, and beyond is reduced to a “myth.” (Woldman, 156-7) This is not history, but propaganda laced with bile.

Russian friendship provided an economic as well as a military brake on the Anglo-French. Statistics provided by Crook show that in 1861-64, the US and Russia together provided more half or more of all Britain’s wheat imports (16.3 million cwt out of a total of 30.8 in 1863). In case of war with either the US and Russia (and a fortiori in case of war with both), the British would have faced astronomical bread prices, insufficient supply, and an overall situation of famine which would have been conducive to serious internal revolt against the privileged classes — all in all a situation which aristocrats and oligarchs like Palmerston, Russell and Gladstone had to think twice about courting. King Wheat was therefore more powerful than King Cotton. [19]

Confederate commerce raiders built and fitted out with the help of the British had a devastating and long-lasting effect. As Chester Hearn details, Confederate raiders fitted out in Europe, including the Alabama, Shenandoah, and Florida, destroyed 110,000 tons of US merchant shipping, and were factors in the transfer of 800,000 tons to foreign registry, thus partially crippling the merchant marine of the North over decades. [20] On July 11, 1863 Adams indicted London for “active malevolence” on the question of the Laird rams, which were ironclad battleships capable of breaking the blockade; as noted, on September 5 he told Foreign Secretary John Russell, “It would be superfluous in me to point out to your Lordship that this is war.” (Crook 324, 326) Forty years later, Henry Adams remained “disconcerted that Russell should indignantly and with growing energy, to his dying day, deny and resent the axiom of [US Ambassador] Adams’s whole contention, that from the first he meant to break up the Union. [21]

Any international history must tackle the question of the effectiveness of the Union blockade of Southern ports. Crook does a workmanlike job of refuting the Owsley thesis that the blockade was not effective. He reminds us that the statistics used by Owsley and Marcus W. Price are far from conclusive. Crook suggests that the aggregate tonnages of successful blockade runners need to be examined rather than simply the number of ships getting through, since blockade runners were designed to sacrifice cargo capacity for speed. He notes that many successful runs took place during the first year of the war, “before the cordon tightened.” (Crook 174) Many successful runs counted by Price were actually coastwise traders bound for other parts of the Confederacy. “More realistic,” Crook sums up, “would be an attempt to compare wartime clearances with pre-war figures.” (Crook 174) Using Price’s figures for South Carolina, Crook suggests that the blockade may have cut the number of ships leaving the ports of that state by one half during the first year of the war, and by almost two thirds over 1862-1865. Crook’s finding is that “modern naval opinion is inclined to the broad view that the blockade achieved its major objectives by scaring off a potentially massive trade with the south.” (Crook 174)

The British Working Class

A controversial issue linked to Britain’s failure to intervene on the side of the Confederacy involves the attitude of the British working classes, and the role of working class resistance in deterring the Palmerston government from taking action against the US. The traditional view, reflected during the war by contemporaries from President Lincoln to Karl Marx, is that the textile workers of Lancashire, despite the privations imposed on them by the cutoff of southern cotton deliveries, nevertheless heroically supported the Union, especially once it had become clear that this was the anti-slavery cause. This attitude by the British workers was another factor in dissuading Palmerston from pursuing armed intervention. [22]

Owsley, in his King Cotton Diplomacy, mocks any notion that the British working class might have influenced the London cabinet in any way, writing contemptuously that “the population of Lancashire and of all industrial England was politically apathetic, sodden, ignorant, and docile, with the exception of a few intelligent and earnest leaders. They wanted bread, they wanted clothes, they needed medicines to give their sick children and aged parents, they wanted pretty clothing for their daughters and sisters who were being forced into prostitution.” (Owsley 545-6) But on this point as well, Owsley is blinded by class prejudice and is thus highly vulnerable.

Philip Foner provides a useful summary of this issue in his 1981 British Labor and the American Civil War. Foner starts from the acknowledged fact that the British aristocracy was pro-Confederate. Free traders like Cobden and Bright were momentarily antagonized by the Union’s highly protectionist Morrill Tariff of February 1861 (passed the instant the southerners had left the Congress); the Liberals in general were split. But this leaves out the working classes altogether, who remained disenfranchised and alienated from the party structures. He takes issue with the school of writers who claim that British labor was actually sympathetic to the Confederacy. Foner dates the attempt to revise the traditional view of British labor as pro-Union especially from a 1957 article by Royden Harrison of the University of Warwick, which argued that the older thesis was a “legend”; Harrison based his view on an analysis of the labor press, where he discovered that “working-class newspapers and journals were, on the whole, hostile to the Federals” both before and after the Emancipation Proclamation. [23] (Foner 15) Harrison adduced evidence from such papers as Reynolds’ News and the Bee-Hive, which were sympathetic to the Confederacy. Foner calls special attention to a second article by Harrison, published four years later, which seemed to repudiate much of the first article. Writing in 1961, Harrison found that “from the end of 1862, there is overwhelming evidence to support the view that the great majority of politically conscious workmen were pro-Federal and firmly united to oppose war.” [24] Foner points out that subsequent historians have often cited Harrison’s first article while ignoring his subsequent retractions and qualifications. In Foner’s view, the “apex of revisionist historiography” on this issue came in 1973 with the appearance of Mary Ellison’s Support for Secession: Lancashire and the American Civil War, with an epilogue by Peter d’A. Jones. [25] Ellison’s conclusion was that the workers of the Lancashire textile mills were pro-Southern, suspicious of Lincoln, and adamant for British action to break the Union blockade and save the Confederacy. Peter d’A. Jones seconded her efforts, dismissing the older view as (yet another) “myth.” Foner criticizes Ellison’s handling of the evidence in blunt terms. “Ellison’s methodology in proving her thesis is simplicity personified,” writes Foner. “It is to assert repeatedly that pro-Northern meetings were contrived, while pro-Southern gatherings were spontaneous.” (Foner 20) For Foner, pro-Confederate sentiment was limited to certain limited types of labor functionaries and to newspaper publishers, who were sometimes suspected of being on the Confederate payroll. Foner shows how the pro-Union agitation, in which British intelligence asset Karl Marx had to participate to keep any credibility along the workers of England and the continent, eventually lead to the extension of the British franchise through the Reform Bill of 1867.

More recent research would seem to decide this controversy in favor of Foner and the traditional view. R. J. M. Blackett of the University of Houston published an extensive study of how the British public viewed the American conflict, with significant attention for the problem of working class attitudes. Blackett’s study is largely based on the British press, from the London Times to the Bee-Hive to the Confederate-controlled Index. The result is a detailed analysis which in some ways approximates the methods of social history, albeit in regard to a distinctly political topic. Blackett’s title, Divided Hearts, relates to his finding that British society as a whole split over the Civil War. “The Tories were with the Confederacy, so too were the Whigs, but among Liberals there were deep divisions, enough to undermine the unity and strength of the party.” (Blackett 11) After some initial hesitation, Cobden and Bright took up the cudgels for the Union. Free traders were alienated by the Morrill tariff, while abolitionists were unhappy with Lincoln, especially until the end of 1862. British Garrisonians split over whether the Union was worth saving. There was a crisis in the British anti-slavery movement over whether they had lost their old vim of the West Indies abolition era. Literary men like Trollope endorsed the government in Richmond, and Thomas Carlyle’s racism made him a CSA sympathizer; others backed the Union. Chartists split, with Ernest Jones supporting the Union, while most Chartist leaders favored the South. The Church of England went with the South, while Dissenting ministers favored the North. Quakers divided over whether slavery could be extirpated by violence. The overall impression is that the American war stimulated an active politicization which the privileged orders could hardly have welcomed.

Confederate and Union agents were active in Britain, Blackett shows. The Confederate factotum was James Spence, an indefatigable activist who wrote articles, set up organizations, hired speakers, and bribed journalists. Spence was the author of The American Union, a best-selling apology for the Confederacy. Spence’s prize recruit was Joseph Barker, who enjoyed the confidence of working class audiences because of his earlier agitation for working-class causes. Among the elite, a leading pro-Confederate was A. J. B. Beresford-Hope, the brother in law of Lord Robert Cecil of the celebrated and influential political clan, which was itself anti-Union. An energetic Confederate agent was Henry Hotze, who published the pro-Confederate weekly, the Index. Pro-Confederate organizations included the Society for Promoting the Cessation of Hostilities in America, the Southern Independence Association, the Liverpool Southern Club, the Manchester Southern Club, and others.

The pro-Lincoln operative Thurlow Weed provided money and encouragement for friends of the North during a visit early in the war. On the Union side, there were working-class activists like George Thompson. Black Americans like Frederick Douglass, William Andrew Jackson (the former coachman of Jefferson Davis), J. Sella Martin, and others (Blackett provides a detailed list) were highly effective as lecturers on the Union side. They were joined by Henry Ward Beecher and other touring lecturers. Ambassador Charles Francis Adams restricted his own activity to the diplomatic sphere, but encouraged his consuls to become very active on the political front. Among the pro-Union groups were counted the Union and Emancipation Society, the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, and more. Blackett describes the way the contending forces attempted to operate through public meetings and resolutions, using tactics that including packing the podium, fixing the agenda, deceptively worded resolutions, parliamentary maneuvers, rump sessions, goons, and intimidation. These meetings and the resolutions they passed were regarded as being of great political importance. Blackett notes that “Lincoln was so concerned that these resolutions express the right sentiment that he crafted and had sent to Charles Sumner for transmission to John Bright a set of resolutions that could be adopted by public meetings in Britain.” (Blackett 209) Jefferson Davis, by contrast, took no personal interest in such mass organizing.

Part of Blackett’s project is to evaluate the Ellison revisionist thesis. He tests Ellison’s assertions of pro-Confederate sentiment in representative towns like Ashton and Stalybridge, and finds that “distress did not drive the towns’ textile workers to declare in favor of an independent Confederacy.” (Blackett 175) Blackett’s survey of meetings further concludes that “if public gatherings can be used to measure levels of activity and support, then over the country as a whole the Confederacy was at a distinct disadvantage.” (Blackett 198) Even in the textile mill towns of Lancashire, Blackett finds substantial support for the Union. He concludes that “if…the adoption of resolutions are [sic] reasonably accurate indicators of levels of support, then it appears that Ellison has exaggerated the degree to which meetings in Lancashire voted in support of the Confederacy.” And if “in Lancashire the opposing forces seem to be equally divided, the rest of the country voted overwhelmingly in favor of the Union…All the indications are that…even in Lancashire, where Spence and his co-workers had hoped to exploit the crisis to rally support for the Confederacy, the friends of the Union carried the day.” (Blackett 210-212)

Charles Francis Adams wrote to Seward on June 9, 1864 that the British aristocracy was hostile to the Union because “of the fear of the spread of democratic feeling at home in the event of our success.” (Adams II 300) The Civil War awakened the British working class to the degree that Bright in 1866 was able to convince Gladstone that at least part of the urban working class had to be given the vote. Through interaction with Disraeli, the Reform Bill of 1867 was passed; the reactionary romantic Carlyle complained that this was “shooting Niagara.” Foner shows that the measure was due in large part to the agitations unleashed by American events. The formation of the federation of Canada in 1867 was another postwar result.

Crook, to his credit, grapples with the issue of why the Union never attempted after 1865 to use its preponderant power to settle scores with the European powers who had proven hostile, especially Britain. He writes that “one of the puzzles of Civil War history is to explain why the immense anger generated against foreign foes during the war was not translated into expansionist revenge after Appomattox.” (Crook 361) Grant’s and Sherman’s armies were the most effective in the world, and Gideon Welles’ navy was at least among the top three, and most likely preponderant on the coasts of Canada, Mexico, and Cuba, the likely sites of northern revanche. Foner sees a brush with transatlantic war in 1869-70, before the British finally agreed to pay the Union’s claims for damages to compensate the depredations of the Alabama and the other CSA commerce raiders built by the British. But Lincoln had promised an exhausted nation an end to warfare, and this proved to be the last word.

The British government and aristocracy wanted to split the Union; as long as the Confederates were winning successes on the battlefield, they felt they could bide their time as the US further weakened, thus facilitating intervention if required. The twin Confederate disasters of Gettysburg and Vicksburg on July 3-4, 1863 came as a rapid and stunning reverse, and the arrival of the Russian fleets that same summer on both US coasts radically escalated the costs of Anglo-French military meddling. Shortly thereafter, the Danish War of 1864 placed Bismarck’s moves towards German unification at the center of the European and world stage, making it even less likely that the British could tie their own hands by a risky strike against the Union. At the same time, Bismarck’s growing activism made Napoleon III – fearing the Prussian threat — less and less likely to denude his eastern border of troops in order to employ them for intervention in the New World. These factors, and not the moderation or humanitarianism of Palmerston, Russell, or Gladstone, prevented an Anglo-French attack on the United States and, quite possibly, on Russia.

If the British had attacked the United States during the Civil War, this move might well have ushered in a world war in which the United States, Russia, Prussia and perhaps Italy would have been arrayed against Great Britain, France, Spain, and perhaps the Portuguese and Austrian Empires. There is reason to believe that the US-Russia-Prussia coalition would have prevailed. This war might have destroyed the British, French, Spanish, and Portuguese colonial empires almost a century early, and would have made the later creation of the triple entente of Britain, France, and Russia by British King Edward VII impossible. World War I would have taken place during the 1860s rather than half a century later. Fascism and communism might not have occurred in the form they did. As it was, Lincoln fell victim to an assassination plot in which British intelligence, through Canada and other channels, played an important role. Alexander II was killed in 1881 by Russian terrorists of the London-centered post-Bakunin anarchist networks.

==

Bibliography

- Adams, Ephraim Douglas. Great Britain and the American Civil War. London: Longmans, Green, 1925. 2 vols.
- Bensel, Richard Franklin. Yankee Leviathan: The Origins of Central State Authority in America, 1859-1877. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
- Blackburn, George M. French Newspaper Opinion and the American Civil War. Westport CN: Greenwood, 1997.
- Blackett, R. J. M. Divided Hearts: Britain and the American Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.
- Bourne, Kenneth. Britain and the Balance of Power in North America 1815-1908. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.
- Callahan, James Morton. The Diplomatic History of the Southern Confederacy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1901; reprint New York: Greenwood, 1968.
- Clay, Cassius. The Life of Cassius Marcellus Clay. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.
- Crook, D. P. The North, the South, and the Powers 1861-1865. New York: John Wiley, 1974.
- Foner, Philip S. British Labor and the American Civil War. New York: Holmes and Meier, 1981.
- Hearn, Chester G. Gray Raiders of the Sea How Eight Confederate Warships Destroyed the Union’s High Seas Commerce. Camden ME: International Marine Publishing, 1992.
- Jones, Howard. Union in Peril: The Crisis Over British Intervention in the Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.
- Nevins, Allan. The War for the Union. New York: Scribner, 1960. 2 vols.
- Owsley, Frank Lawrence. King Cotton Diplomacy: Foreign Relations of the Confederate States of America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1959. Second edition.
- Thomas, Benjamin Platt. Russo-American Relations 1815-1867. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1930.
- Woldman, Albert A. Lincoln and the Russians. Cleveland: World Publishing, 1952.

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¿Qué es lo que realmente está escondido en los archivos secretos del Vaticano?

Vatican-Secret-Archives

El misterio y la intriga son inherentes a la Santa Sede. La gente siempre se preguntará qué autoridades religiosas están conspirando a puertas cerradas, qué tesoros se encuentran dentro de las bóvedas del Vaticano. A pesar de las afirmaciones de que el Papa tiene pruebas de extraterrestres y demonios escondidos en sus catacumbas, la verdad de los archivos secretos es mucho más realista. Debido a esto, también es mucho más interesante. De las cartas escritas a mano de personajes históricos como Mary Queen of Scotts y Abraham Lincoln a los toros papales excomulgando a Martín Lutero, el contenido de los archivos es suficiente para hacer que los ojos de cualquier erudito se abran. Sin embargo, la naturaleza de alto nivel que hace que el contenido tan fascinante es también lo que los hace tan estrechamente guardado. En realidad, no es evidencia de extraterrestres que el Vaticano se esconda del ojo público, sino documentos que pueden mostrar que la Iglesia fue cómplice del terror patrocinado por el estado de Mussolini y, posiblemente, incluso en los pogromos antisemitas de Hitler.

Archivum Secretum

La verdad detrás de los archivos secretos proviene de una traducción errónea del latín. El nombre real de los archivos del Vaticano es Archivum Secretum Apostolicum Vaticanum. ‘Secretum’ en latín no significa ‘secreto’ como algunos pueden suponer. Se traduce más exactamente como “personal” o “privado”. De hecho, los archivos están formados por las cartas privadas y los registros históricos de los últimos papas durante los últimos cuatro siglos. Los archivos fueron establecidos por el Papa Pablo V. El Papa claramente tenía un sentido de la importancia histórica de la correspondencia papal y sabía que tales documentos deben ser preservados. Sin embargo, el siglo 17 fue firmemente de la mentalidad de que la gente común no debe estar al tanto de las palabras intercambiadas por los reyes y los papas. Así que los archivos se mantuvieron bajo llave.

Acceso a los Archivos Privados

No fue hasta 1881 que el Papa León XIII permitió a los investigadores ver algunos de los contenidos del archivo. Sin embargo, no era fácil para uno ver los documentos y el procedimiento no ha cambiado mucho en los últimos 200 años. En primer lugar, los periodistas, los estudiantes y los historiadores aficionados no tienen acceso. Una vez que una parte interesada ha demostrado que él o ella es un erudito lo suficientemente serio, las credenciales se conceden que debe renovarse cada seis meses. Para ingresar a los archivos, “los estudiosos entran por la Porta Sant’Anna, pasan guardias suizos, recorren el Cortile del Belvedere y presentan credenciales” (O’Loughlin, 2014).

Porta-Sant-Anna

La Porta Sant Anna, donde los visitantes deben pasar para llegar a los archivos (Wikimedia Commons)

Una vez admitidos, los académicos deben solicitar qué documentos específicos desean revisar. Sólo se les permite solicitar tres por día. Así que en lugar de poder navegar por el contenido del archivo, deben seleccionar los artículos de los catálogos en los que los elementos se escriben a mano en italiano o latín. Estos catálogos son bastante imponentes considerando que los archivos contienen “50 millas [80km] de estanterías y documentos que datan del siglo VIII” (Keyser, 2015). “Si en pocos minutos se dan cuenta de que lo que buscan no está en las carpetas solicitadas, se ven obligados a hacer las maletas para el día, un desafío para los académicos en un plazo o para quienes han viajado largas distancias” ( O’Loughlin, 2014). Las computadoras están permitidas, pero no la fotografía, por lo que los expertos pasan la mayor parte de las sesiones en las salas de lectura escribiendo notas.

Gemas históricas

Si una persona es lo suficientemente afortunada como para tener acceso a los Archivos del Vaticano, podría perseguir joyas históricas como:

El pergamino de 60 metros que contiene los minutos de las pruebas de los Caballeros Templarios, que duró varios años a partir de 1307.

El Inter caetera, la bula papal emitida por el Papa Alejandro VI en 1493 que dividió el mundo entre los españoles y los portugueses

Una carta de Miguel Ángel al Papa Julio II

La bula papal de 1521 del Papa León X excomulgando a Martín Lutero

La petición de Enrique VIII de 1530 envió al Papa Clemente VII para pedir la anulación del matrimonio del rey con Catalina de Aragón, que incluye las firmas y sellos de más de 80 señores y clérigos ingleses (el Papa se negó)

Una carta al Papa Sixto V de María, reina de los escoceses, pidiendo a la Iglesia que intervenga poco antes de su ejecución

Notas relativas al juicio de 1633 contra Galileo

Una carta al Papa Inocencio X de la Gran Emperatriz Viuda Helena Wang de China

Una carta del Papa Clemente XII al Séptimo Dalai Lama pidiendo protección a los misioneros franciscanos en el Tíbet.

Cartas de ambos Abraham Lincoln y Jefferson Davis (ambos escritos en 1863, ni el hombre católico) en los esfuerzos para que el Papa Pío IX caiga a favor de la Unión o la Confederación

King-Henry-VIII-to-Anne-Boleyn

Una carta del rey Enrique VIII a Ana Bolena, que se celebra en el archivo del Vaticano (dominio público)

Papa Pío XII en Liga con los nazis?

David Kertzer, un historiador de la Universidad de Brown, pudo examinar documentos del reinado de Pío XI (1922-1939). Concluyó que el papa “hizo tratos con Mussolini para proteger el interés de la Iglesia a cambio del silencio sobre el antisemitismo patrocinado por el estado, una conclusión en desacuerdo con el relato de la Iglesia” (O’Loughlin, 2014). Los grupos están presionando al Papa Francisco para poner plenamente a disposición los contenidos relacionados con el Papa Pío XII (1939 – 1958) para que el mundo pueda finalmente saber con certeza el compromiso del hombre con los nazis. Algunos dicen que apoyó a Hitler, bien de una manera similar al apoyo de la Iglesia a Mussolini, o quizá incluso más sustancialmente. Otros dicen que el Papa trabajó contra los nazis y ayudó a esconder judíos y otros objetivos de la agresión nazi.

“La gente habla, los expertos hablan. ¿Hay cosas que no están disponibles porque son vistos como poco halagadores desde el punto de vista de la Iglesia? “, Dijo Kertzer. Sin embargo, admite Kertzer, los Archivos Secretos son atendidos por profesionales y “hay una apreciación de una seria erudición histórica” ​​(O’Loughlin, 2014).

En 2012, en conmemoración del 400 aniversario de los archivos, se pusieron a disposición del público 100 documentos en una exposición llamada Lux in Arcana.

Lux-in-Arcana

Lux in Arcana – Los archivos secretos del Vaticano se revelan.

Crédito: El Vaticano Imagen superior: Algunas de las 50 millas de estanterías en el archivo secreto del Vaticano Foto: El Vaticano

Por Kerry Sullivan

 

The Guardian. “In Pictures: Secrets of the Vatican Archives.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 16 Sept. 2010. Web. https://www.theguardian.com/books/gallery/2010/sep/08/vatican-secret-archives-pope.

Keyser, Hannah. “15 Historic Wonders Housed in the Vatican’s Secret Archives. “Mental Floss. Mental Floss, Inc., 15 May 2015. Web. http://mentalfloss.com/article/63850/15-historic-wonders-housed-vaticans-secret-archives.

O’Loughlin, Michael. “What’s Hidden in the Vatican Secret Archives?” Crux. Crux Catholic Media Inc., 01 Sept. 2014. Web. https://cruxnow.com/church/2014/09/01/whats-hidden-in-the-vatican-archives/.

 

La Primera Guerra Mundial y la Revolución Rusa, cómo realmente sucedió

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Para iniciar su esperada y anticipada guerra mundial, el Nuevo Orden Mundial utiliza “nacionalistas serbios”. Una sociedad secreta conocida como Young Bosnia, que posiblemente trabaja con The Young Turks, representa el asesinato de un Real austriaco. Serbia es una nación cristiana ortodoxa bajo la protección de Rusia. Debido a los planes pasados ​​de Disraeli, muchos serbios también viven bajo regla austro-húngara (en Bosnia) en vez de bajo soberanía serbia. Esta situación ha causado siempre fricción, tanto en Austria-Hungría, como también entre Rusia y Austria-Hungría. El Archiduque Franz Ferdinand es heredero del trono de la familia Habsburgo de Austria-Hungría. Mientras viaja a través de la ciudad bosnia de Sarajevo con su esposa, Sophie, una bomba es lanzada al coche abierto del archiduque. Desvía la bomba con su brazo y explota detrás de él. La pareja real insiste en ver a todos los heridos en el hospital. Después de viajar allí, deciden ir al palacio, pero su conductor da un giro equivocado en una calle lateral, donde otro asesino llamado Gavrilo.Princip los localiza. Le tira a Sophie en el estómago ya Franz en el cuello. Franz sigue vivo cuando llegan testigos para dar ayuda. Sus palabras moribundas a Sophie son: “No te mueras cariño. Vive para nuestros hijos.

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El mundo está conmocionado. Las fatídicas profecías de Tolstói y Bismarck están a punto de suceder.

VERANO 1914 POST ASSASSINATION CHAIN- REACTION FIJA EUROPA EN EL FUEGO

29 de junio

Los disturbios antisubios estallan en la ciudad austro-húngara de Sarajevo.

07 DE JULIO Austria-Hungría convoca a un Consejo de Ministros para discutir la situación.

JULIO

La prensa sionista austro-húngara de Viena alienta las llamas del sentimiento anti-serbio. Se difunden informes falsos de una conspiración serbia.

JULIO El Kaiser Wilhelm II de Alemania, a petición del zar ruso Nicholas (su primo), intenta contener a su aliado austro-húngaro animando a Austria-Hungría a hablar con Serbia. (2)

28 de julio

Austria-Hungría cede a la histeria de la guerra y declara la guerra a Serbia.

29 de julio

Para defender a su aliado serbio, Rusia moviliza sus ejércitos contra su antiguo aliado ‘Liga de los Tres Emperadores’ Austria-Hungría.

AGOSTO 1

Más allá del control del zar y del Kaiser, se dispara la bomba de tiempo Triple Alliance / Triple Entente. Alemania declara la guerra a Rusia por su movilización contra su aliado Austria-Hungría.

AGOSTO 1

Ignorando las súplicas alemanas para no entrar en el conflicto, Francia comienza a avanzar hacia Austria-Hungría en apoyo de su aliado Entente, Rusia.

AGOSTO 3

Frente a la peligrosa guerra de dos frentes que Francia y Inglaterra habían diseñado, (y que Bismarck temía) Alemania rápidamente avanza hacia Francia, a través de Bélgica, mientras que al mismo tiempo enfrenta a Rusia en el este.

AGOSTO 4

Gran Bretaña entra en la guerra al lado de sus aliados, Francia y Rusia.

SEPTIEMBRE 5

Acuerdo de Londres: los aliados de la Triple Entente Francia, Rusia y Reino Unido acuerdan que ningún miembro hará una paz separada con Alemania o Austria-Hungría.

28 de octubre

El rival sur de Rusia, el Imperio turco otomano, entra en la guerra por el lado de Austria-Hungría y Alemania. En tan sólo unas semanas, Europa está ahora en llamas en la guerra, mientras la prensa sionista globalista en Francia, Inglaterra, Austria y Alemania agita un fervor nacionalista mutuamente destructivo entre las naciones europeas.

1 y 2: Rodeado por las grandes potencias de la Triple Entente, la pacífica Alemania se vio obligada a avanzar rápidamente en dos direcciones. Los telegramas “Willy-Nicky” revelan claramente cómo los emperadores rusos y alemanes intentaron evitar la guerra, pero fueron impotentes para detener las fuerzas oscuras que controlaban los acontecimientos.

1914-18 VICTORIAS ALEMANAS / SEGUIDAS POR STALEMATE

Después de la marcha hacia el oeste de Alemania hacia los puestos de París, el Frente Occidental se hunda en un estancamiento sangriento con líneas de trinchera que cambian poco hasta 1918. En el este, el ejército ruso lucha con éxito contra las fuerzas austrohúngaras, . Frentes adicionales se abren después de que el Imperio Otomano (Turquía) se une a la guerra (en el lado de Alemania) en 1914. Italia cambia de lado y se une a las potencias de la Entente en 1915. En el mar, la Marina Británica bloquea Alemania. Los submarinos alemanes contrarrestarán el bloqueo y hundirán a muchos buques mercantes británicos que llevan armas y suministros.

Ni una pulgada del territorio alemán se perdió jamás durante la Gran Guerra.

1914 EL MANIFIESTO DE LOS PRINCIPALES INTELECTUALES Y ARTISTAS DE LA ALEMANIA CONDENA LA PROPAGANDA ANTI-ALEMANA DEL OESTE Para contrarrestar las mentiras de los propagandistas aliados, 93 de los principales científicos, eruditos y artistas de Alemania firman su nombre en “El Manifiesto del 93”. El documento denuncia las mentiras dirigidas a Alemania, y declara un apoyo inequívoco de las acciones militares alemanas. Tal vez el más notable de los signatarios logrados es Wilhelm Roentgen, el físico ganador del Premio Nobel que descubrió “rayos X”. El Manifiesto dice:

“Como representantes de la ciencia y el arte alemanes, protestamos ante el mundo civilizado contra las mentiras y calumnias con que nuestros enemigos tratan de manchar el honor de Alemania en su lucha por la existencia, en una lucha que se le ha impuesto. La boca de hierro de los acontecimientos ha demostrado la falsedad de las ficticias derrotas alemanas; En consecuencia, la tergiversación y la calumnia están más activamente en el trabajo. Como heraldos de la verdad levantamos nuestras voces contra éstos. No es cierto que Alemania sea culpable de haber causado esta guerra.

Ni el pueblo, ni el Gobierno, ni el Kaiser querían la guerra. No es cierto que nos invadimos en Bélgica neutral. Se ha comprobado que Francia e Inglaterra se han resuelto sobre tal transgresión, y también se ha demostrado que Bélgica había accedido a hacerlo. Habría sido un suicidio de nuestra parte no haberlo hecho. No es cierto que la vida y las propiedades de un solo ciudadano belga hayan sido heridas por nuestros soldados sin que la defensa más amarga lo hubiera hecho necesario. No es cierto que nuestras tropas trataron a Louvain brutalmente. Los furiosos habitantes que habían caído traicioneramente sobre ellos en sus cuarteles, nuestras tropas con corazones doloridos fueron obligados a disparar una parte de la ciudad, como castigo.

La mayor parte de Lovaina ha sido conservada. No es cierto que nuestra guerra no respeta las leyes internacionales. No conoce crueldad indisciplinada. Pero en el este, la tierra está saturada con la sangre de las mujeres Y los niños despiadadamente asesinados por las tropas rusas salvajes, y en el oeste, las balas dumdum mutilan los pechos de nuestros soldados. No es cierto que el combate contra nuestro llamado militarismo no sea un combate contra nuestra civilización, como pretenden hipócritamente nuestros enemigos. Si no fuera por el militarismo alemán, la civilización alemana habría sido extirpada desde hacía tiempo. No podemos arrancar el arma venenosa -la mentira- de las manos de nuestros enemigos.

Todo lo que podemos hacer es proclamar al mundo entero, que nuestros enemigos están dando un falso testimonio contra nosotros. ¡Ten fe en nosotros! Cree que continuaremos esta guerra hasta el fin como una nación civilizada, a quien el legado de un Goethe, un Beethoven y un Kant, es tan sagrado como sus propios hogares y hogares.

Como el descubridor de los “rayos X”, Wilhelm Roentgen fue capaz de “ver a través” de la propaganda anti-alemana de los aliados.

2 DE DICIEMBRE DE 1914 LOS JUDÍOS DE NEW YORK TIMES INFORMA SOBRE EL PODER DE 6 MILLONES DE JUDÍOS

¿Otra vez con los 6 millones?

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2 DE DICIEMBRE DE 1914 LOS JUDÍOS DE NUEVA YORK TIEMPOS INFORMA SOBRE EL PLIEGO DE 6 MILLONES DE JUDÍOS

¿Nuevamente con los 6 millones? 7 DE MAYO DE 1915 Reino Unido SEÑOR DE LA ADMIRALIDAD WINSTON CHURCHILL CONFIGURA LA LUSITANIA PARA SER UNDIDO / 1200 CIVILAINS KILLED

El Reino Unido quiere atraer a Estados Unidos a la guerra. El señor del Almirantazgo Winston Churchill y el asesor marxista de Wilson, Edward Mandell House, creen que si Alemania puede ser atrapada en hundir un buque británico con los estadounidenses a bordo, los Estados Unidos serán forzados a entrar en la guerra. (4) Sin saberlo de sus pasajeros, el lujoso Lusitania lleva armas y explosivos destinados a Gran Bretaña. (5) Navegando desde Nueva York, Lusitania está cargada con 600 toneladas de explosivos, 6 millones de municiones, 1200 cajas de metralla y algunos pasajeros americanos. La embajada alemana en Washington es consciente de esto y trata de advertir a los viajeros estadounidenses mediante la colocación de anuncios en los periódicos estadounidenses, que se rechazan en la mayoría de los casos. (6) A medida que Lusitania se acerca a la costa irlandesa, se ordena reducir la velocidad, y su buque de escolta militar, Juno, es retirado. (7) Churchill sabe que los U-Boats alemanes están en el área. Él intencionalmente ralentiza la Lusitania y llama a Juno, dejando a la Lusitania como un pato sentado. Un golpe de torpedo alemán enciende las municiones, causando una explosión secundaria que hunde el revestimiento masivo en sólo 18 minutos! Casi 1200 de sus 1959 pasajeros mueren, incluidos128 estadounidenses. . La prensa estadounidense vilipende a Alemania, pero no menciona las municiones de contrabando (o quizás una bomba pre-plantada?) Que realmente hundió a la Lusitania. Durante los años 50, la marina británica intenta destruir la evidencia histórica de la explosión de Lusitania dejando caer cargas de profundidad sobre el revestimiento hundido

 

1- British Mad Dog Churchill 3-Globalista NY Times, reclamó dos torpedos de éxito. 1915-16 A PESAR DE LA LUSITANIA QUE FUMA, WILSON RETRASA LA ENTRADA DE LOS EEUU EN LA GUERRA

El incidente de Lusitania juega un papel importante en convertir el sentimiento estadounidense contra Alemania, pero aún no ha llegado el momento de que Estados Unidos haga su entrada. Los sionistas están esperando para lograr el máximo apalancamiento antes de ordenar a Wilson que finalmente tire del gatillo. Por el momento, Wilson sólo condenará verbalmente el ataque de Lusitania, manteniendo a Estados Unidos fuera de la guerra y cruzando hacia la reelección en noviembre de 1916. Los británicos están decepcionados. Los políticos del Reino Unido, los periodistas y el loco Teddy Roosevelt, todos ellos ridiculizan a Wilson por ser tímidos. En un intento de mantener a Estados Unidos inflamado, los británicos inventan una historia sobre los niños alemanes que reciben unas vacaciones para celebrar el hundimiento de la Lusitania. ¡Otras historias falsas hablan de soldados alemanes clavando bebés en puertas de iglesias en Bélgica! Los británicos saben que eventualmente necesitarán ayuda de Estados Unidos si quieren ganar la ventaja sobre la Triple Alianza / Poderes Centrales. Los sionistas saben esto también, pero están esperando su tiempo, estableciendo el Reino Unido y los Estados Unidos por el momento adecuado, y el trato correcto.

 

Wilson pretende arrastrar a Estados Unidos a la guerra, pero sus promesas de campaña de reelección de 1916 dicen lo contrario.

DICIEMBRE, 1916 EL ALEMÁN KAISER INTENTA PARAR LA GUERRA La batalla de Verdun se agrava durante 10 meses, resultando en 306.000 muertos en el campo de batalla (163.000 franceses y 143.000 alemanes) y 500.000 heridos. ¡Eso es un promedio de 30,000 muertes por cada uno de los 10 meses de la batalla! En el noreste de Francia, Verdun es la batalla más larga y devastadora de la Gran Guerra. Al final de Verdún, la guerra se ha desmoronado en un punto muerto, pero Alemania sigue teniendo una ventaja. En diciembre de 1916, el Kaiser Wilhelm se ofrece a negociar la paz con los Poderes de la Entente. Pero Gran Bretaña y Francia deliberadamente hacen exigencias imposibles a Alemania como condición para negociar. A pesar de los esfuerzos sinceros de Alemania para detener la locura, alguien quiere que este absurdo baño de sangre continúe. ¿Pero quién? ….. ¿Y por qué?

 

La batalla de Verdun / Kaiser Wilhelm quería paz todo el tiempo. DICIEMBRE, 1916 EL TRATO DE SUELDO SUCIO MANTIENE LA GUERRA QUE VA / SIONISTAS A GRAN BRETAÑA: “¡PODEMOS LLEVAR LOS EEUU EN LA GUERRA!” Para diciembre de 1916, las Potencias Centrales tienen una clara ventaja. Francia ha sufrido pérdidas horribles. Rusia se enfrenta al caos interno revolucionario rojo. Gran Bretaña está bajo bloqueo de U-Boat, y no se ha ocupado una pulgada cuadrada de Alemania. Alemania ofrece generosos términos de paz. Básicamente, Kaiser Wilhelm está dispuesto a acabar con la guerra y volver a cómo eran las cosas. ¡Ahí es cuando los sionistas hacen su movimiento para cumplir el plan de Herzl! Chaim.Weizman y Nathan Sokolow se acercan a los británicos con un trato sucio. Los sionistas se ofrecen a utilizar su influencia internacional para llevar a los Estados Unidos a la guerra en el lado de Gran Bretaña, mientras que socavar Alemania desde el interior. El precio que Gran Bretaña debe pagar por la entrada de Estados Unidos es robar Palestina de Turquía otomana (aliado de Alemania) y permitir que los judíos se asienten allí. Aunque la declaración oficial del apoyo británico a una patria judía no debe hacerse pública hasta 1917 (Declaración de Balfour), el acuerdo fue alcanzado de hecho en diciembre de 1916. Poco después, los sionistas agitaron la propaganda anti-alemana Se desató en los EE.UU. mientras los sionistas y marxistas de Alemania comienzan a socavar el esfuerzo de Alemania de la guerra desde dentro

 

Chaim Weizman hizo a los británicos una oferta que no podían rechazar. A cambio, los sionistas quieren ver el imperio turco destruido y Palestina entregada a los judíos. FEBRERO, 1917 LA “REVOLUCIÓN FEBRERA” SUBE LA FAMILIA ROYAL ROMANOV DE RUSIA A medida que la economía rusa se deteriora y la guerra se vuelve impopular, comienza la ‘Revolución de Febrero’. Los comunistas, los socialistas progresistas y los soldados descontentos se combinan para desestabilizar el ya debilitado reinado del zar Nicolás. El zar se ve obligado a abdicar de su trono y poner bajo arresto domiciliario en espera de exilio. Los judíos de todo el mundo celebran la abdicación del zar ruso. Se establece un gobierno de coalición de “centro-izquierda” compuesto principalmente por socialistas y comunistas. Sigue una lucha de poder entre los socialistas demócratas y la parte comunista (soviético-bolchevique).

La dinastía Romanov ha terminado.

ABRIL, 1917 WILSON ROMPE SU PROMESA Y LLEVA A LOS EE.UU. EN LA GUERRA

Durante las semanas que siguieron al trato sucio sionista-británico para robar Palestina, los sionistas cumplen con su objetivo final. Una campaña de propaganda intensa se desencadena repentinamente en América. El incidente de 1915 Lusitania es resucitado, junto con el bombo sobre la guerra alemana del U-barco. Un plan de contingencia alemán para aliarse con México si Estados Unidos entra en guerra (Nota de Zimmerman) es falsamente retratado como una trama para atacar a América. Citando varios falsos pretextos, el 2 de abril de 1917, Wilson, que según Benjamin Freedman estaba bajo chantaje sobre un asunto que tenía cuando era profesor de Princeton, le pide al Congreso una Declaración de Guerra. El Congreso cumple. Las fuerzas regulares de los pequeños militares estadounidenses comienzan a llegar a Europa, pero pasarán meses antes de que la fuerza total de los hombres reclutados pueda ser desplegada.

El cartel icónico de Fred Rothman de los EEUU retrata alemanes como monstruoso “Huns”

ABRIL DE 1917 LOS ROJOS EXILADOS COMENZAN VOLVIENDO A RUSIA

Los líderes terroristas del Red que el Zar Nicolás sólo exilió en 1905 ahora comienzan a regresar a Rusia. Vladimir Lenin llega de Suiza, a través de Alemania, con un Escondite de oro banquero sionista. León Trotsky llega de Nueva York con más dinero y una banda de matones marxistas y judíos. (9) Los comunistas financiados por sionistas socavan inmediatamente el nuevo gobierno provisional. Un golpe violento se intenta en julio, pero los rojos bolcheviques se detienen. El socialista demócrata Alexander Kerensky se convierte en primer ministro cuando los líderes bolcheviques pasan a la clandestinidad.

De regreso de Brooklyn, el asesino Leon Trotsky (izquierda) se unirá a Lenin (centro) en la búsqueda de expulsar Kerensky (derecha)

ABRIL DE 1917 EDWARD BERNAYS FORMULA COMISIÓN DE PROPAGANDA

Wilson establece el Comité de Información Pública (CPI) con el fin de manipular la opinión pública en apoyo de la guerra. Edward Bernays, “el padre de la propaganda americana” es un miembro del CPI. Un sobrino del psicoanalista Sigmund Freud, el sionista Bernays se jacta de su capacidad para controlar la mente pública. Él llama a sus métodos científicos para controlar la opinión pública, “la ingeniería del consentimiento”. En su libro de 1928, Propaganda, Berns explica: “La manipulación consciente e inteligente de los hábitos y opiniones de las masas es un elemento importante en la sociedad democrática . Los que manipulan este mecanismo invisible de la sociedad constituyen un gobierno invisible que es el verdadero poder gobernante de nuestro país. – Estamos gobernados, nuestras mentes están moldeadas, nuestros gustos formados, nuestras ideas sugeridas, en gran parte por hombres de los que nunca hemos oído hablar. Son ellos quienes tiran de los cables que controlan la mente pública. ” Bernays y sus co-conspiradores del CPI describen el esfuerzo bélico estadounidense como una santa cruzada “para hacer el mundo seguro para la democracia”, mientras que al mismo tiempo difunde una vil propaganda llena de odio dirigida hacia Alemania y su emperador Wilhelm II. “Bebés y bayonetas.”

En Europa y América, Alemania era ahora el blanco de la propaganda de guerra odiosa y ridícula.

Bernays escribió el libro sobre propaganda y manipulación; literalmente.

JUNIO DE 1917 WILSON FIRMA PROYECTO MILITAR EN LA LEY / VICIOSO ODIO PROPAGANDA UTILIZADO PARA ATRACER VOLUNTARIOS

El ejército de Estados Unidos es muy pequeño, pero su capacidad de campo y equipar un ejército es grande. El proyecto impopular se instituyó en 1917. Al final de la guerra, bajo el pretexto idiota de “hacer el mundo seguro para la democracia” (lema de Bernays), más de 2 millones de hombres norteamericanos inocentes habrán sido enviados a luchar por el globalismo y el sionismo.

Los carteles de propaganda estadounidenses alentaron a los hombres a alistarse acusando a los “brutos locos” alemanes de crucificar a mujeres y niños.

NOVIEMBRE DE 1917 LA GRAN BRETAÑA PRESENTA LA “DECLARACIÓN BALFOUR” AL BARÓN WALTER ROTHSCHILD

Los sionistas han entregado en su extremo del trato sucio hecho con los británicos en 1916. La entrada americana en la guerra fue entregada según lo prometido. Por formalmente y públicamente, emitiendo “La Declaración de Balfour”, Lord Balfour está asegurando a los sionistas que Gran Bretaña cumplirá su fin del acuerdo después de la guerra, ¡el robo de Palestina! La Declaración es entregada al ‘Barón’ Walter Rothschild. Dice en parte: “El gobierno de Su Majestad ve con beneplácito el establecimiento en Palestina de un hogar nacional para el pueblo judío, y hará todo lo posible para facilitar el logro de este objetivo”. La extracción de esta promesa de los británicos es una de las razones principales por las que la guerra sin sentido se mantuvo en marcha, y por qué Estados Unidos finalmente se arrastró pulg En Israel hoy día Balfour (2 de noviembre) es ampliamente celebrado. Los árabes palestinos lo observan como un día de duelo.

“Querido Lord Rothschild” – El barón Walter Rothschild (izquierda) recibió la declaración Balfour de Lord Balfour.

25 DE OCTUBRE DE 1917 * ‘OCTUBRE ROJO’ / COMUNISTAS SEIZAN EL CONTROL DEL ST. ¡PETERSBURG! * NUEVO ESTILO GREGORIAN CALENDER:

7 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 1917 El primer ministro socialista Kerensky lucha por mantener a flote una mala economía, un gobierno de coalición inestable y una cansada nación rusa en la guerra. El tiempo está maduro para que los Rojos lleven a cabo otro violento intento de poder. Esta vez, Trotsky, Lenin y su pandilla malvada tendrá éxito. Con el respaldo de algunas tropas rojas – muchas de las cuales habían sido lavadas el cerebro en 1905 campamentos de prisioneros japoneses por materiales de lectura comunistas pagados por Jacob Schiff (12) – la ciudad capital de Petrogrado (San Petersburgo) es incautada durante la Revolución de Octubre “Octubre Rojo”). Kerensky huye de su vida y el nuevo régimen soviético se mueve inmediatamente para sacar a Rusia de la guerra (antes de que Alemania pueda vencerlos). Fuera de Petrogrado, el gobierno predominantemente judío Red no es reconocido como legítimo. Una sangrienta guerra civil entre los rojos dirigidos por los judíos y los “blancos” cristianos está ahora en proceso.

Vladimir Lenin, un guerrillero rojo, incita a las turbas hambrientas. HISTORIA PROHIBIDA: CITA PARA RECORDAR:

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“Los líderes bolcheviques aquí (Rusia), la mayoría de los cuales son judíos y el 90 por ciento de los cuales son devueltos exiliados, se preocupan poco por Rusia o cualquier otro país, pero son internacionalistas y están tratando de iniciar una revolución social mundial”.

David R. Francis, Embajador de los Estados Unidos en Rusia, enero de 1918 1918-1921 ‘REDS’ vs ‘WHITES’ / GUERRA CIVIL EN RUSIA

Después de la caída de San Petersburgo a los Rojos, una guerra civil contrarrevolucionaria desgarra a Rusia por otros tres años. Los diversos opositores de los “rojos” son colectivamente referidos como “los blancos”, dirigidos principalmente por el almirante Kolchak. Cuando resulta evidente que un ejército revolucionario Rojo, compuesto únicamente de obreros y algunas tropas ex-zaristas, es demasiado pequeño para acabar con la contrarrevolución, Trotsky inscribe el reclutamiento obligatorio del campesinado en el Ejército Rojo. La oposición al reclutamiento del Ejército Rojo es superada por tácticas terroristas. Los rehenes y sus familias son torturados y asesinados cuando es necesario para forzar el cumplimiento.

Los Blancos del Almirante Kolchak vs Rojos de Trotsky

ENERO DE 1918 WILSON APLICA UN PROGRAMA DE PAZ DE 14 PUNTOS / ALEMANIA Y AUSTRIA-HUNGRÍA RESPONDEN POSITIVAMENTE

De no haber sido por la entrada de Estados Unidos en 1917 en la guerra, los partidos estancados habrían dejado de luchar por su cuenta y millones de vidas se habrían salvado. Pero no sería hasta 1918 que un número suficiente de reclutas estadounidenses entrenados estarían listos para desplegarse en operaciones de combate. Antes de que se derramaran nuevos ríos de sangre americana (117.000 estadounidenses morirían de causas relacionadas con el combate o la enfermedad entre abril y noviembre de 1918), tanto Alemania como Austria-Hungría volvieron a comunicar su deseo de una resolución pacífica; Tal como habían estado proponiendo previamente para hacer una paz mutuamente aceptable con Gran Bretaña y Francia todo el tiempo. En una alocución ante el Congreso de los Estados Unidos, el marioneta belicoso Wilson se ve obligado a admitir que, en respuesta a su reciente Declaración de “14 puntos”, Alemania y Austria-Hungría han expresado su acuerdo general con las propuestas de Wilson. Pero en el aliento siguiente, Wilson casualmente rechaza estas prometedoras tentativas de paz (refiriéndose a ellas como “declaraciones de paz”) ​​como inaceptables. Los manipuladores neoyorquinos de Wilsons (Baruch, Schiff, Warburg, Morgenthau, Brandeis, etc.) quieren su esperada guerra por el Globalismo (la pre-planeada “Liga de las Naciones”) y el sionismo (el robo británico de Palestina); Y ciertamente no están a punto de permitir que las propuestas de paz germánicas descarrilaran el NWO Express. Lo más asombroso de las mentiras de Wilson es su brillante descripción de cómo será la eventual paz de posguerra. El hecho de que tantos ingenuos y cansados ​​alemanes compraran más tarde las promesas vacías de Wilson, contribuirán a la bizarra entrega incondicional y al desarme de Alemania en noviembre de ese mismo año, 1918.

1- “Dice a Alemania que puede ser igual” 2- La falsa charla de paz de Wilson llevaba la píldora venenosa de la “Liga de Naciones” de los Globalistas.

PRIMAVERA, 1918 DESPUÉS DE OFENSIVA DE PRIMAVERA DE ÉXITO, TROPAS ALEMANAS ‘STABBED EN LA PARTE POSTERIOR’ POR CASA JUDIOS DELANTEROS

Los rojos de Rusia no pueden luchar una guerra civil en el país y una guerra externa al mismo tiempo. Lenin y Trotsky no tienen más remedio que sacar a Rusia de la guerra. Antes de que las tropas estadounidenses puedan desplegarse en gran número, Alemania desvía sus tropas del frente pacificado del este y organiza una gran ofensiva occidental. La operación comienza en marzo con un ataque contra las fuerzas británicas en Francia. ¡Los alemanes avanzan 40 millas y París está a sólo 75 millas de distancia! La ofensiva de primavera es tan exitosa que Wilhelm declara el 24 de marzo una fiesta nacional. En este punto crítico, los marxistas y sionistas en Alemania apuñalan a sus compatriotas en la espalda. Los líderes sindicales marxistas ordenan huelgas de fábrica que privan a las tropas alemanas de suministros críticos. (15) La prensa judía, que había abierto la guerra Pasiones en 1914, repentinamente se convierte en agrio en la guerra y comienza a rasgar en el ejército alemán. La moral alemana comienza a caer rápidamente, al igual que la producción industrial. Recientes reclutas llegan a la primera línea con una actitud derrotista como protestas contra la guerra y el descontento general se extendió por toda Alemania. La Gran Ofensiva se detiene justo cuando los estadounidenses comienzan a llegar. Los sionistas alemanes traicionan a Alemania para que Palestina pueda ser tomada del aliado turco de Alemania y entregada a los judíos (Declaración de Balfour). Los marxistas judíos alemanes y los “socialistas demócratas” también ven una derrota alemana como un medio para desestabilizar la nación y organizar una revolución. Después de la guerra, la traición traidora de 1918 se conoce como “El Stab-in-the-Back”. Los “historiadores” modernos liberan esta alegación como una “leyenda”, pero no hay nada mítico al respecto. Al borde de la victoria final, Alemania fue traicionada desde dentro – simple y llanamente.

Las caricaturas de la posguerra representan sionistas-marxistas apuñalando a soldados alemanes en la espalda.

VERANO, 1918 ¡LOS YANKS VENGAN!

Había tardado un año entero en América para que sus militares fueran reclutados, entrenados y desplegados bajo el mando norteamericano. En el verano de 1918, 10,000 tropas frescas llegan diariamente al frente. Alrededor de 120,000 de ellos morirán en la Gran Guerra, 90,000 en combate, 30,000 de enfermedad. Además de la sangre fresca muy necesaria, las máquinas de guerra francesas y británicas están siendo re-suministradas por la producción industrial de la poderosa América. Con la ruptura de la ofensiva de primavera, la marea se vuelve contra Alemania y sus aliados. El contraataque aliado, (100 Days Offensive) comienza en agosto. En la batalla de Amiens, los aliados avanzan 7 millas en el territorio de dominio alemán en sólo 7 horas. De vuelta en Alemania, la prensa judía ignora los efectos devastadores de las huelgas dirigidas por los judíos y el derrotismo de inspiración judía. En cambio, los periódicos culpan al general Erich Ludendorff por los recientes reveses alemanes!

Nuevos muchachos americanos llegaron a matar a muchachos alemanes cuando la prensa judía de Alemania cambió descaradamente la culpa al general Ludendorff.

1- ¡Vamos, hombre! ¡Únete a mí para morir por las mentiras de Wilson! 2- Americano muerto enredado en alambre de púas. Si sólo su madre, su padre, su esposa, sus hijos, sus amigos pudieran haberlo visto morir. ¿Qué dirían al profesor Wilson?

16 DE JULIO DE 1918 TSAR NICHOLAS Y SU FAMILIA INTEGRAL SON BRUTALMENTE ASESINADOS

El zar Nicolás II había esperado ser exiliado al Reino Unido mientras Kerensky estaba en el poder, pero su “aliado” británico se había negado a aceptarlo. Los bolcheviques (comunistas) ahora tienen a Nicholas, su esposa Alexandra, sus cuatro hijas y su hijo menor arresto domiciliario. Sus captores rojos los obligan a vivir con raciones. Niño, Nicolás había sido testigo del asesinato por bombardeo de su abuelo, Alejandro II, en 1881. El trágico error de Nicholas fue no ejecutar la escoria roja, como Lenin y Trotsky, después de su fallida revolución de 1905. Ahora, su miserable misericordia vuelve a perseguirlo, ya su familia. En la noche del 16/17 de julio de 1918, la familia real Romanov se despierta a las 2AM, se le dice que se vista, y luego se reúne en el sótano de la casa en la que están detenidos. Momentos después, los rojos judíos entran y matan a toda la familia, a su médico ya tres sirvientes a sangre fría. Algunas de las hijas Romanov son apuñaladas y golpeadas hasta morir cuando los disparos iniciales no las matan. Noticias del brutal asesinato de los Romanov enviarán ondas de choque por toda Rusia, y toda la Europa cristiana.

¡Una familia hermosa – tirada y apuñalada a la muerte como animales! Cuando comenzó el tiroteo, el zar trató de proteger a su joven hijo.

1918 BRITISH DIVERT MANPOWER PARA FINALIZAR EL IMPERIO OTOMANO Y ROBAR PALESTINA

La anterior campaña de Gran Bretaña contra los turcos había terminado en fracaso (Gallipoli). Ahora, con los americanos frescos y fuertes que llegan para luchar contra los alemanes en Europa Occidental, las tropas británicas se liberan para concentrarse en el Imperio Otomano. Gran Bretaña codicia los campos petroleros de Oriente Medio, pero el Reino Unido también tiene una deuda que pagar a los jefes sionistas que arrastraron a los Estados Unidos a la guerra. Ayudar a los británicos en el esfuerzo de robar Palestina son 10.000 judíos estadounidenses que se alistan para luchar no junto con sus compatriotas en Europa, sino con los británicos, que tienen la intención de apoderarse de su futuro hogar, Palestina. Ver: La Legión Judía Durante este tiempo, aviones británicos lanzan folletos sobre Alemania. Impreso en yiddish, los folletos de Balfour buscan ganar el apoyo judío en Alemania prometiendo a los judíos una “patria” en Palestina después de haber ganado la guerra.

1- Vladimir Jabotinsky (izquierda) lideró las unidades judías en la lucha contra Turquía. 2- Dejando a los norteamericanos para hacer el levantamiento pesado contra Alemania, los británicos se dirigen hacia el sur para desmantelar el Imperio Otomano.

1918 LENIN Y TROTSKY ESTABLECEN LA PLAGA ROJA “INTERNACIONAL COMUNISTA” / VIOLENTO GLOBAL

88

¡”Todo el Poder a los Trabajadores” significa realmente todo el poder al Nuevo Orden Mundial! Con la guerra civil rusa furiosa, la Internacional Comunista, conocida como “La Comintern”, se establece en Moscú, Rusia. El Comintern declara abiertamente que su intención es combatir “por todos los medios disponibles, incluida la fuerza armada, para el derrocamiento de la” burguesía “internacional (la clase empresarial) y para la creación de una república soviética internacional (gobierno mundial)”. 18)

De 1918 a 1922, los partidos afiliados a la Comintern se forman en Francia, Italia, China, Alemania, España, Bélgica, Estados Unidos y otras naciones. Todos los comunistas operan bajo la dirección de los Rojos de Moscú, que son financiados por los mismos banqueros globales internacionalistas sionistas que crearon la Reserva Federal y provocaron la Gran Guerra. 2 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1918 EL ‘TERROR ROJO’ ES ANUNCIADO EN RUSIA

 

Los comunistas rusos planean usar estratégicamente el terror para intimidar a sus adversarios blancos en sumisión. Por orden de Lenin y Trotsky, el “terror rojo” es anunciado por el Yakov rojo judío. Sverdlov. El Terror Rojo está marcado por detenciones masivas a mitad de la noche, ejecuciones y tácticas horriblemente creativas de tortura. Hasta 100.000 rusos son asesinados en el Terror Rojo, llevado a cabo por la Cheka (policía secreta), dirigida por los judíos. Entre las atrocidades cometidas, a menudo en vista de los miembros de la familia de la víctima, se encuentran:  40.000 prisioneros blancos ahorcados públicamente en Ucrania  Carbones ardientes insertados en las vaginas de las mujeres  Crucifixiones  Violaciones de mujeres de todas las edades  Víctimas sumergidas en aceite o alquitrán hirviendo ¡”Todo el Poder a los Trabajadores” significa realmente todo el poder al Nuevo Orden Mundial!  Víctimas empapadas con gasolina y quemadas vivas  Víctimas colocadas en ataúdes llenos de ratas hambrientas  Víctimas empapadas con agua, y convertidas en cubos de hielo humanos en invierno.  Los sacerdotes, los monjes y las monjas tienen el plomo fundido derramado en sus gargantas (19) El terror desmoralizante toma una carga psicológica pesada sobre el pueblo ruso asustado. En 1922, muchos se rompen en sumisión a los monstruos rojos de la Cheka.

1 & 2 – El horror del terror rojo judío asustó a Europa. Desde los días de Genghis Khan no se han asesinado brutalmente tantos europeos. 3- Yakov Sverdlov era una bestia asesina en masa.

11 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 1918 LA GRAN GUERRA TERMINA / ‘LOS PENALES DE NOVIEMBRE’ ALEMANIA A LOS GLOBALISTAS

Para el otoño de 1918, está claro que Alemania ya no puede ganar la guerra. Su política ahora es “no perderla tampoco”. Como lo hizo en 1916, el Kaiser se ofrece a negociar la paz en términos favorables a todos. Aunque Alemania no puede ganar, los Aliados tampoco pueden ganar. El frente oriental de Alemania con Rusia está cerrado. No hay tropas aliadas en territorio alemán, la capital. Berlim está a 900 millas de distancia de la fachada, y el ejército alemán es muy capaz de defender a la patria de cualquier invasión. Pero el frente de la casa se está derrumbando. Los políticos traidores, los líderes sindicales marxistas y los magnates de los medios sionistas se combinan para desmoralizar al pueblo y desestabilizar a Alemania. El Kaiser se ve obligado a dimitir, exiliando a Holanda. El 11 de noviembre de 18, los marxistas y liberales de la recién formada “República de Weimer” (formada en la ciudad de Weimar) se acuestan y se lanzan hacia los Aliados! Increíblemente, en un momento en que los Aliados no tienen un solo soldado en suelo alemán, los traidores de Weimar ordenan a los militares que depongan las armas y se retiren del frente. Basados ​​en las vacías promesas de Wilson de “paz sin victoria”, los ‘Criminales de Noviembre’ colocan a Alemania en la misericordia total del Nuevo Orden Mundial.

1- La trampa del armisticio fue firmada en un vagón en Compiegne, Francia. 2- La historieta alemana patriótica representa a los políticos que apuñalan a tropas alemanas en la parte posterior. 3- Los judíos se apoderan de Berlín ese mismo día

11 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 1918 COMO COMUNISTAS JUDÍOS CAPTURA BERLÍN / KAISER FLEES A HOLANDA En 1915, los rojos judíos Rosa Luxemburg y Karl Liebknecht fundaron la “Liga Spartacus” (nombrada en honor al nombre en código de “Spartacus” del fundador de NWO / Illuminati, Adam Weishaupt). En 1919, el grupo se convierte en el Partido Comunista de Alemania. Ese mismo mes, los espartaquistas, ayudados por el judío-húngaro Red Bela Kun, aprovechan el caos de la posguerra, y realizan un golpe en Berlín. Kaiser Wilhelm, temiendo el mismo destino que el zar Nicolás, huye a Holanda. Ahora lamenta su liberalismo pasado y denuncia la “influencia judía” que arruinó a Alemania. La toma de poder comunista de Berlín es de corta duración como veteranos conocidos como el control de recuperación de los “Freikorps” de los rojos judíos y sus seguidores. Luxemburgo y Liebknecht son capturados y ejecutados. Los “Freikorps” han salvado a Alemania del mismo destino mortal que le ha sucedido a Rusia, pero la nueva Alemania “socialista democrática” pronto se enfrentará a otros problemas graves. Al igual que los rojos de Rusia, los rojos de Rusia dejaron de lado al socialista Kerensky, los rojos de Alemania seguirán tratando de obtener el poder absoluto de los “socialistas democráticos” de Weimar.

Los Freikorps alemanes salvaron a Alemania del baño de sangre comunista de estilo soviético que los judíos Reds Luxemburg y Liebknecht estaban planeando.

NOVIEMBRE, 1918 EL ARMADO ALEMANO LESIONADO CORPORAL REACTA AMORTIGUAMENTE A LAS NOTICIAS DE LA ENTREGA

Como artista hambriento de 25 años de edad, Adolfo Hitler se había ofrecido a luchar por Austria en 1914. En ese momento, sus dos padres habían fallecido. Afligido por la tuberculosis durante la juventud, Hitler fue rechazado por el servicio militar. Hitler entonces pidió a las autoridades bávaras que le permitieran luchar por Alemania. Él sirvió con gran distinción, y fue ascendido a Lance Corporal después de haber sido galardonado con la Cruz de hierro alemana 2 ª Clase por valentía. En octubre de 16, fue herido gravemente y pasó dos meses en un hospital militar. Podría haberse quedado en casa, pero optó por volver a las líneas de frente. En agosto de 18, Hitler recibe la prestigiosa Cruz de Hierro de 1ra Clase. En octubre de 1918, es cegado por un ataque de gas venenoso británico. Mientras recupera la vista, Hitler escucha la vergonzosa capitulación de Alemania. Está confundido e indignado. El sacrificio y el sufrimiento de los soldados alemanes habían sido para nada. El valiente pintor desconocido de Viena quiere respuestas, y no descansará hasta que los ‘Criminales de Noviembre’ (su término) queden expuestos y el honor de Alemania restablecido.

Hitler, sentado a la izquierda, era un soldado heroico y altamente condecorado.

ENERO DE 1919 LA CONFERENCIA DE PAZ DE PARÍS

La Conferencia de Paz de París es la reunión de los vencedores aliados para aplastar financieramente a Alemania y determinar las nuevas fronteras de las naciones derrotadas. Los Globalistas elaboran una serie de tratados (Tratados de Paz de París) que remodelan Europa y el mundo. En su centro están los líderes de las tres ‘Grandes Potencias’: Woodrow Wilson (Estados Unidos), los Primeros Ministros David Lloyd George (EE.UU.) y Georges Clemenceau (Francia). Alemania no está invitada y no tendrá voz en las decisiones finales. Los Globalistas desmantelarán las naciones existentes y crearán otras nuevas. Austria-Hungría y Turquía están talladas; Sus pueblos dispares reasignados a nuevos estados. La Conferencia también crea el marco para un futuro Gobierno Mundial, la Sociedad de Naciones. Una delegación sionista también está presente. Habían traído a Estados Unidos a la guerra, y ahora es el momento de cobrar el pago por los servicios prestados (Declaración de Balfour). Los antiguos territorios árabes del Imperio Otomano están separados del dominio turco y divididos en pequeños estados. Palestina se convertirá en un protectorado británico. Ver: Mandato británico La declaración sionista establece la demanda del judío a un pedazo de Palestina, garantizado por la Liga de las Naciones y exactamente como Herzl había predicho en 1897! Los judíos de todo el mundo pueden ahora emigrar a la Palestina británica, pero en números controlados. Los árabes de Palestina (una mayoría del 95%) no fueron consultados sobre este acuerdo, y están enojados.

Clemenceau, Wilson, y George frente a los gangsters Globalista en París.

JUNIO DE 1919 LA ALEMANIA SE RASGUE POR EL ‘TRATADO DE VERSAILLES’

De la Conferencia de Paz de París se produce el bárbaro e infame “Tratado de Versalles”. La crueldad del Tratado es hoy reconocida incluso por los historiadores liberales. Con Alemania desarmada por su nuevo gobierno, los Globalistas y Sionistas proceden a violar a la nación alemana; Una nación que no quería la guerra, había tratado de evitar la guerra, y había ofrecido hacer la paz en numerosas ocasiones después de que la guerra había comenzado. El Tratado contiene 440 cláusulas, 414 de las cuales se dedican a castigar a Alemania por una guerra que se le impuso. Entre las disposiciones clave que una Alemania desarmada y Austria (Tratado de St. Germaine) se ven obligados a aceptar a punta de pistola y mientras están bajo un bloqueo de hambre son:

1. Alemania debe aceptar el 100% de responsabilidad por la guerra.

2. Fuerzas armadas alemanas restringidas a 100.000 hombres.

3. La Renania alemana industrial será ocupada por las tropas francesas durante 15 años.

4. Kaiser Wilhelm II (seguro en Holanda) debe ser juzgado por “ofensas contra la moral internacional”.

5. La región alemana de Prusia Occidental se da a la nueva nación de Polonia. ¡Dos millones de prusianos occidentales son expulsados ​​de sus hogares y la prusia oriental queda aislada del resto de Alemania!

6. La región alemana de los Sudetes se somete al régimen de la nueva nación de «Checoslovaquia».

7. Se prohíbe al nuevo estado de Austria unirse con sus hermanos en Alemania.

8. Alemania está despojada de las colonias africanas. Gran Bretaña, Francia y Bélgica los toman.

9. La región de Sarre, rica en carbón, de Alemania, se encuentra bajo el control de la Sociedad de Naciones durante 15 años. Durante este tiempo, su carbón se enviará a Francia.

10. La ciudad portuaria de Dantzig, del Mar Báltico, está separada de Alemania y declarada “ciudad libre”.

11. Alemania se ve obligada a pagar grandes reparaciones de guerra en forma de dinero y recursos naturales. El aplastante pago de la deuda (equivalente a 1 billón de dólares en moneda moderna) devastará la economía alemana y pronto causará un colapso monetario hiperinflacionario. Defenseless Alemania se mantiene bajo el bloqueo del hambre hasta que ella acepta los duros términos. Alrededor de 100.000 alemanes mueren como resultado del bloqueo alimentario posterior al armisticio. El injusto e inhumano tratado de Versalles generará resentimiento y enojo durante el año venidero.

1- La Prusia Occidental se da al nuevo estado de Polonia. Prusia del Este es cortada del resto de Alemania! 2- Los Sudetes alemanes se asignan al nuevo estado de Checoslovaquia

 

 

Royal Advisors Have Advocated False Flag Terrorism for More Than 2,000 Years

Kautilya (also called “Chanakya”) was a royal advisor thousands of years ago in ancient India. His writings are considered an important precursor to much modern thought. Wikipedia notes:

He is considered the pioneer of the field of political science and economics in India, and his work is thought of as an important precursor to classical economics.

2,300 years ago – in the 4th century B.C. – Kautilya advocated the use of false flag attacks:

The brother of a seditious minister may put forward his claim for inheritance. While the claimant is lying at night at the door of the house of the seditious minister or elsewhere, a fiery spy … may murder him and declare “Alas! the claimant for inheritance is thus murdered (by his brother).” Then taking the side of the injured party, the king may punish the other (the seditious minister).

*** The king may send a seditious minister with an army of inefficient soldiers and fiery spies to put down a rebellious wild tribe or a village, or to set up a new superintendent of countries or of boundaries in a locality bordering upon a wilderness, or to bring under control a highly-rebellious city, or to fetch a caravan bringing in the tribute due to the king from a neighboring country. In an affray (that ensues in consequence of the above mission) either by day or at night, the fiery spies, or spies under the guise of robbers … may murder the minister and declare that he was killed in the battle. While marching against an enemy or being engaged in sports, the king may send for his seditious ministers for an interview. While leading the ministers to the king, fiery spies with concealed weapons shall, in the middle enclosure of the king’s pavilion, offer themselves to be searched for admittance into the interior, and, when caught, with their weapons by the door-keepers, declare themselves to be the accomplices of the seditious ministers. Having made this affair known to the public, the door-keepers shall put the ministers to death, and in the place of the fiery spies, some others are to be hanged. While engaged in sports outside the city, the king may honor his seditious ministers with accommodation close to his own. A woman of bad character under the guise of the queen may be caught in the apartment of these ministers and steps may be taken against them as before. A sauce-maker or a sweetmeat-maker may request of a seditious minister some sauce and sweetmeat by flattering him–“thou alone art worthy of such things.” Having mixed those two things and half a cup of water with poison, he may substitute those things in the luncheon (of the king) outside the city. Having made this event known to the public, the king may put them (the minister and the cook) to death under the plea that they are poisoners.

*** When there arises a quarrel among seditious persons, fiery spies may set fire to their fields, harvest-grounds, and houses, hurl weapons on their relatives, friends and beasts of burden, and say that they did so at the instigation of the seditious; and for this offense others may be punished. Spies may induce seditious persons in forts or in country parts to be each other’s guests at a dinner in which poisoners may administer poison; and for this offense others may be punished.

500 years ago, Machiavelli wrote:

In order to keep the power, one has to use terror sometimes.

Machiavelli and the father of the Neo-Conservative movement – Leo Strauss – advocated false flag terror as a political tool. Strauss, an admirer of Machiavelli, believed that a stable political order required an external threat and that if an external threat did not exist, one should be manufactured.

Specifically, Strauss thought that:

A political order can be stable only if it is united by an external threat . . . . Following Machiavelli, he maintained that if no external threat exists then one has to be manufactured.

Leaders throughout history have also acknowledged the political “benefit” of false flags:

“This and no other is the root from which a tyrant springs; when he first appears he is a protector.” – Plato “If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy.” – U.S. President James Madison “Terrorism is the best political weapon for nothing drives people harder than a fear of sudden death”. – Adolph Hitler “Why of course the people don’t want war

… But after all it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship … Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country.” – Hermann Goering, Nazi leader. “The easiest way to gain control of a population is to carry out acts of terror. [The public] will clamor for such laws if their personal security is threatened”. – Josef Stalin

These are not just idle words … presidents, prime ministers, congressmen, generals, spooks, soldiers and police from around the world have admitted to false flag terrorism.

Primer intento De Independencia…

Hay un evento en nuestra historia bastante desconocido (por no decir totalmente) por nuestro pueblo que sucedió hace 195 años, (1822) y que constituye uno de los primeros intentos por liberar a Puerto Rico de España. El protagonista fue un guerrero alemán (otros dicen que era francés y otros, suizo) llamado HENRI LOUIS VILLAUME DUCOUDRAY HOLSTEIN que había luchado junto a las tropas de Napoleón y tiempo después, junto a Simón Bolivar. A finales de 1821, unas personas lo convencieron de participar en una revolución en contra de las autoridades españolas de Puerto Rico, aparentemente con el apoyo del gobierno de EE.UU.; organizando una invasión desde Nueva York. En Puerto Rico tenía un aliado llamado PEDRO DUBOIS (nativo de Guadalupe y residente en Naguabo) que estaba encargado de conseguir BORICUAS (como nos identificaban estos extranjeros a nosotros) que se unieran a la causa. Duboy confió el plan a un francés residente en Fajardo quien lo denunció a las autoridades y que dio pie a que los españoles se movilizaran internacionalmente hasta hacer fracasar el plan. La invasión se daría por AGUADA y PONCE y proclamarían una REPÚBLICA llamada BORICUA. Esto narra el historiador J.L. Vivas Maldonado: “los fallidos revolucionarios, no obtante habían dado a la historia puertorriqueña su primera Proclama de Independencia. El documento que circularon en 1821 Pedro Dubois y Pedro Brignet desde Naguabo, ofrecía a los puertorriqueños la creación de la REPÚBLICA BORICUA, con una Constitución donde se garantizaba el establecimiento de los 3 poderes básicos: legislativos, judicial y ejecutivo; el comercio libre y la igualdad de todos ante la ley”.

World War 1 And The Russian Revolution, How It Really Happend …

download (3)

 

To kick off their long-awaited, pre-planned World War, the New World Order uses “Serbian Nationalists.” .A secret society known as Young Bosnia, possibly working with The Young Turks, plots the murder of an Austrian Royal. Serbia is an Orthodox Christian nation under the protection of Russia. Due to Disraeli’s past schemes, many Serbs also live under Austro-Hungarian rule (in Bosnia) instead of under Serbian sovereignty. This situation has always caused friction, both within Austria-Hungary, and also between Russia and Austria-Hungary.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand is heir to the Habsburg Family throne of Austria-Hungary. While traveling through the Bosnian city of Sarajevo with his wife, Sophie, a bomb is thrown at the Archduke’s open car. He deflects the bomb with his arm and it explodes behind him. The royal couple insists on seeing all those injured at the hospital. After traveling there, they decide to go to the palace, but their driver takes a wrong turn onto a side street, where another assassin named Gavrilo.Princip spots them. He shoots Sophie in the stomach and Franz in the neck. Franz is still alive when witnesses arrive to give aid. His dying words to Sophie are, “Don’t die darling. Live for our children.”

The world is shocked. The fateful prophecies of Tolstoy and Bismarck are about to come to pass.

SUMMER 1914 POST ASSASSINATION CHAIN- REACTION SETS EUROPE ON FIRE
JUNE 29
Anti-Serbian riots erupt in the Austro-Hungarian city of Sarajevo.
JULY 7
Austria-Hungary convenes a Council of Ministers to discuss the situation.
JULY
The Zionist Austro-Hungarian press of Vienna fans the flames of anti-Serbian sentiment. False reports of a Serbian conspiracy are circulated.
JULY
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, at the request of Russian Tsar Nicholas (his cousin), attempts to restrain his Austro-Hungarian ally by encouraging Austria-Hungary to talk with Serbia. (2)
JULY 28
Austria-Hungary gives in to war hysteria and declares war on Serbia.
JULY 29
To defend its Serbian ally, Russia mobilizes it armies against its former ‘Three Emperors League’ ally Austria-Hungary.
AUGUST 1
Beyond both the Tsar and the Kaiser’s control, the Triple Alliance / Triple Entente time bomb is triggered. Germany declares war on Russia for its mobilization against its ally Austria-Hungary.
AUGUST 1
Ignoring German pleas to not enter the conflict, France begins advancing towards Austria-Hungary in support of its Entente ally, Russia.
AUGUST 3
Facing the dangerous 2-front war that France & England had engineered, (and that Bismarck had feared) Germany quickly advances towards France, through Belgium, while at the same time confronting Russia in the east.
AUGUST 4
Great Britain enters the war on the side of its allies, France and Russia.
SEPTEMBER 5
London Agreement: Triple Entente allies France, Russia, & UK agree that no member shall make separate peace with Germany or Austria-Hungary.
OCTOBER 28
Russia’s southern rival, the Ottoman Turkish Empire, enters the war on the side of Austria-Hungary and Germany. In just a few weeks’ time, Europe is now aflame in war as the Globalist-Zionist press in France, England, Austria, and Germany whip up a mutually destructive nationalist fervor among the European nations.

 

1 & 2: Surrounded by the Great Powers of the Triple Entente, peaceful Germany was forced to quickly advance in two directions. 3: The ‘Willy-Nicky” Telegrams clearly reveal how the Russian and German Emperors both tried to avoid war, but were powerless to stop the dark forces controlling events.

1914-18 EARLY GERMAN VICTORIES / FOLLOWED BY STALEMATE

After Germany’s westward march towards Paris stalls, the Western Front bogs down into a bloody stalemate with trench lines that change little until 1918. In the East, the Russian army successfully fights against the Austro-Hungarian forces but is then forced back by the German army. Additional fronts open after the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) joins the war (on Germany’s side) in 1914. Italy switches sides and joins the Entente powers in 1915. At sea, the British Navy blockades Germany. German U-boats will counter the blockade, and sink many British merchant ships carrying arms and supplies.

Not one inch of German territory was ever lost during the Great War.
1914 THE MANIFESTO OF THE 93 / GERMANY’S LEADING INTELLECTUALS AND ARTISTS CONDEMN THE WEST’S ANTI-GERMAN PROPAGANDA
To counter the lies of the Allied propagandists, 93 of Germany’s leading scientists, scholars and artists sign their name to “The Manifesto of the 93”. The document denounces the lies aimed at Germany, and declares unequivocal support of German military actions. Perhaps the most notable of the accomplished signatories is Wilhelm Roentgen, the Nobel Prize winning physicist who discovered “X-rays”.
The Manifesto reads:
“As representatives of German Science and Art, we hereby protest to the civilized world against the lies and calumnies with which our enemies are endeavoring to stain the honor of Germany in her hard struggle for existence—in a struggle that has been forced on her.
The iron mouth of events has proved the untruth of the fictitious German defeats; consequently misrepresentation and calumny are all the more eagerly at work. As heralds of truth we raise our voices against these.
It is not true that Germany is guilty of having caused this war. Neither the people, nor the Government, nor the Kaiser wanted war.
It is not true that we trespassed in neutral Belgium. It has been proven that France and England had resolved on such a trespass, and it has likewise been proved that Belgium had agreed to their doing so. It would have been suicide on our part not to have preempted this.
It is not true that the life and property of even a single Belgian citizen was injured by our soldiers without the bitterest defense having made it necessary.
It is not true that our troops treated Louvain brutally. Furious inhabitants having treacherously fallen upon them in their quarters, our troops with aching hearts were obliged to fire a part of the town, as punishment. The greatest part of Louvain has been preserved..
It is not true that our warfare pays no respects to international laws. It knows no undisciplined cruelty. But in the east, the earth is saturated with the blood of women

and children unmercifully butchered by the wild Russian troops, and in the west, dumdum bullets mutilate the breasts of our soldiers.
It is not true that the combat against our so-called militarism is not a combat against our civilization, as our enemies hypocritically pretend it is. Were it not for German militarism, German civilization would long since have been extirpated..
We cannot wrest the poisonous weapon—the lie—out of the hands of our enemies. All we can do is to proclaim to the entire world, that our enemies are giving false witness against us.
Have faith in us! Believe that we shall carry on this war to the end as a civilized nation, to whom the legacy of a Goethe, a Beethoven, and a Kant, is just as sacred as its own hearths and homes.”

As the discoverer of ‘X-rays’, Wilhelm Roentgen was able to ‘see through’ the Allies’ anti-                                                 German atrocity propaganda.
DECEMBER 2, 1914 JEWISH-OWNED NEW YORK TIMES REPORTS ON THE PLIGHT OF 6 MILLION JEWS

Again with the 6 million?

jw
DECEMBER 2, 1914 JEWISH-OWNED NEW YORK TIMES REPORTS ON THE PLIGHT OF 6 MILLION JEWS Again with the 6 million? MAY 7, 1915 UK LORD OF THE ADMIRALTY WINSTON CHURCHILL SETS UP THE LUSITANIA TO BE SUNK / 1200 CIVILAINS KILLED
The UK wants to draw America into the war. Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill and Wilson’s Marxist advisor, Edward Mandell House, believe that if Germany can be baited into sinking a British ship with Americans on board, the U.S. will be forced into the war. (4) Unbeknownst to its passengers, the luxury liner Lusitania is carrying arms and explosives destined for Britain. (5) Sailing from New York, Lusitania is loaded with 600 tons of explosives, 6 million rounds of ammunition, 1200 cases of shrapnel shells, and some American passengers. The German embassy in Washington is aware of this and tries to warn American travelers by placing ads in U.S. newspapers, which are refused in most cases. (6) As Lusitania approaches the Irish coast, it is ordered to reduce speed, and its military escort ship, Juno, is withdrawn. (7) Churchill knows that German U-Boats are in the area. He purposely slows down the Lusitania and calls off Juno, leaving the Lusitania as a sitting duck. A German torpedo hit ignites the munitions, causing a secondary explosion which sinks the massive liner in just 18 minutes! Nearly 1200 of its 1959 passengers are killed, including128 Americans. .The American press vilifies Germany, but makes no mention of the smuggled munitions (or perhaps a pre-planted bomb?) which really sank the Lusitania.
During the 1950’s, the British Navy attempts to destroy the historical evidence of the Lusitania explosion by dropping depth charges onto the sunken liner.

1- British Mad Dog Churchill 3-Globalist NY Times, claimed TWO torpedoes hit.

1915-16 IN SPITE OF THE LUSITANIA SINKING, WILSON DELAYS U.S ENTRY INTO THE WAR
The Lusitania incident plays a role in turning American sentiment against Germany, but it is not yet time for America to make its entry. The Zionists are waiting to achieve maximum leverage before ordering Wilson to finally pull the trigger. For the time being, Wilson will just verbally condemn the Lusitania attack, while keeping America out of the war and cruising towards re-election in November, 1916. The British are disappointed. UK politicians, journalists, and the certifiably insane Teddy Roosevelt all mock Wilson as being timid. In an effort to keep America inflamed, the British fabricate a story about German school children being given a holiday to celebrate the sinking of the Lusitania. Other false tales tell of German soldiers nailing babies to church doors in Belgium!
The British know that they will eventually need American help if they are to gain the advantage over The Triple Alliance / Central Powers. The Zionists know this too, but they are biding their time, setting up the UK and the US for the right moment, and the right deal.

Wilson intends to drag America into the war, but his 1916 re-election campaign promises say otherwise.

 

DECEMBER, 1916 GERMAN KAISER TRIES TO STOP THE WAR
The Battle of Verdun rages for 10 months, resulting in 306,000 battlefield deaths (163,000 French and 143,000 German) and 500,000 wounded. That’s an average of 30,000 deaths for each of the 10 months of the battle!
Taking place in north eastern France, Verdun is the longest and most devastating battle of The Great War. By the end of Verdun, the war has broken down into a stalemate, but Germany still holds an advantage. In December of 1916, Kaiser Wilhelm offers to negotiate peace with The Entente Powers. But Britain and France deliberately make impossible demands upon Germany as a condition for even negotiating. In spite of Germany’s sincere efforts to stop the madness, somebody wants this senseless bloodbath to continue. But who? ….. And why?


Battle of Verdun / Kaiser Wilhelm wanted peace all along.
DECEMBER, 1916 DIRTY BACK-ROOM DEAL KEEPS WAR GOING / ZIONISTS TO BRITAIN: “WE CAN BRING THE U.S. INTO THE WAR!”
By December 1916, the Central Powers have a clear advantage. France has suffered horrible losses. Russia is facing internal Red revolutionary chaos. Britain is under U-Boat blockade, and not one square inch of Germany has been occupied. Germany offers generous peace terms. Basically, Kaiser Wilhelm is willing to just call off the war and return to how things were. That’s when the Zionists make their move to fulfill Herzl’s plan! Chaim.Weizman and Nathan Sokolow approach the British with a dirty deal. The Zionists offer to use their international influence to bring the U.S. into the war on Britain’s side, while undermining Germany from within. The price that Britain must pay for U.S. entry is to steal Palestine from Ottoman Turkey (Germany’s ally) and allow the Jews to settle there. (8) Though the official declaration of British support for a Jewish homeland is not to be made public until 1917 (Balfour Declaration), the agreement was, in fact, reached in December of 1916. Soon after that, Zionist agitated anti-German propaganda was unleashed in the U.S. while the Zionists and Marxists of Germany begin to undermine Germany’s war effort from within.


Chaim Weizman made the British an offer they couldn’t refuse. In return, the Zionists want to see the Turkish Empire busted up and Palestine given to the Jews.

FEBRUARY, 1917 THE ‘FEBRUARY REVOLUTION’ TOPPLES RUSSIA’S ROYAL ROMANOV FAMILY

As the Russian economy deteriorates and the war becomes unpopular, the ‘February Revolution’ begins. Communists, Progressive Socialists, and disaffected soldiers combine to destabilize the already weakened reign of Czar Nicholas. The Tsar is forced to abdicate his throne and put under house arrest pending exile. Jews worldwide celebrate the abdication of the Russian Tsar. A “center-left” coalition government consisting mainly of Socialists and Communists is established. A power struggle between the Democratic Socialists and the hard-core Communist (Soviet-Bolshevik) faction follows.


The Romanov Dynasty is over.

APRIL, 1917 WILSON BREAKS HIS PROMISE AND BRINGS THE U.S. INTO THE WAR

During the weeks following the Zionist-UK dirty deal to steal Palestine, the Zionists deliver on their end of the bargain. An intense propaganda campaign is suddenly unleashed in America. The 1915 Lusitania incident is resurrected, along with hype over German U-boat warfare. A German contingency plan to ally with Mexico if the U.S. enters the war (Zimmerman Note) is falsely portrayed as a plot to attack America. Citing various phony pretexts, on April 2nd, 1917, Wilson, who, according to Benjamin Freedman, was under blackmail over an affair he had when he was a Princeton professor, asks Congress for a Declaration of War. Congress complies. Regular forces of the small US military begin arriving in Europe, but it will be months before the full force of drafted men can be deployed.


U.S. Zionist Fred Rothman’s iconic poster portrays Germans as monstrous “Huns”

 

APRIL, 1917 EXILED REDS BEGIN RETURNING TO RUSSIA The terrorist Red leaders that Czar Nicholas had only exiled in 1905 now begin returning to Russia. Vladimir Lenin arrives from Switzerland, via Germany, with a
stash of Zionist banker gold. Leon Trotsky arrives from New York with more money and a gang of Marxist-Jewish thugs. (9) The Zionist-funded Communists immediately undermine the new provisional government. A violent coup is attempted in July, but the Bolshevik Reds are held back. Democratic Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Prime Minister as Bolshevik leaders go underground.


Back from Brooklyn, the killer Leon Trotsky (left) will join Lenin (center) in seeking to oust Kerensky (right)

APRIL, 1917 EDWARD BERNAYS FORMS PROPAGANDA COMMITTEE
Wilson establishes the Committee on Public Information (CPI) for the purpose of manipulating public opinion in support of the war. Edward Bernays, “the father of American propaganda” is a CPI member. A nephew of the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, Zionist Bernays boasts of his ability to control the public mind. He calls his scientific methods for controlling public opinion, “the engineering of consent.” .In his 1928 book, Propaganda, .Bernays explains: “The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. – We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. It is they who pull the wires that control the public mind.”

Bernays and his CPI co-conspirators portray the American war effort as a holy crusade “to make the world safe for democracy”, while at the same time spreading vile hate-filled propaganda directed towards Germany and its Emperor, Wilhelm II.
“Babies & Bayonets.”


In Europe and America, Germany was now the target of hateful and ridiculous war propaganda.


Bernays wrote the book on propaganda and manipulation; literally.
JUNE, 1917 WILSON SIGNS MILITARY DRAFT INTO LAW / VICIOUS HATE PROPAGANDA USED TO ATTRACT VOLUNTEERS
America’s military is very small, but its capacity to field and equip an army is great. The unpopular draft is instituted in 1917. By the war’s end, under the idiotic pretext of “making the world safe for democracy” (Bernays’ slogan), more than 2 million unsuspecting American men will have been sent to fight for Globalism and Zionism.


U.S. propaganda posters encouraged men to enlist by accusing the German “mad brutes” of crucifying women and children.
NOVEMBER, 1917 BRITAIN ISSUES ‘THE BALFOUR DECLARATION’ TO BARON WALTER ROTHSCHILD
The Zionists have delivered on their end of the dirty deal made with the British in 1916. American entry into the war was delivered as promised. By formally, and publicly, issuing “The Balfour Declaration”, Lord Balfour is assuring the Zionists that Britain will fulfill its end of the deal after the war– the theft of Palestine!
The Declaration is delivered to the ‘Baron’ Walter Rothschild. It reads, in part: “His Majesty’s government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object.”
The extraction of this promise from the British is one of the main reasons why the senseless war was kept going, and why America was finally dragged in. In Israel today, Balfour Day (November 2nd) is widely celebrated. The Palestinian Arabs observe it as a day of mourning.


“Dear Lord Rothschild” – Baron Walter Rothschild (left) received the Balfour Declaration from Lord Balfour.
OCTOBER 25, 1917* ‘RED OCTOBER’ / COMMUNISTS SEIZE CONTROL OF ST. PETERSBURG! *NEW STYLE GREGORIAN CALENDER: NOV 7, 1917
Socialist Prime Minister Kerensky struggles to keep a bad economy afloat, an unstable coalition government together, and a tired Russian nation in the war. The time is ripe for the Reds to stage another violent attempt at power. This time, Trotsky, Lenin and their evil gang will succeed. With backing from some Red troops – many of whom had been brainwashed in 1905 Japanese POW camps by communist reading materials paid for by Jacob Schiff (12) – the Capital City of Petrograd (St. Petersburg) is seized during the October Revolution, (aka “Red October”).
Kerensky flees for his life and the new Soviet regime immediately moves to pull Russia out of the war (before Germany can beat them). Outside of Petrograd, the pre-dominantly Jewish Red government is not recognized as legitimate. A bloody civil war between the Jewish-led Reds and the Christian “Whites” is now in the making.


Red rabble-rouser Vladimir Lenin incites the hungry mobs.
FORBIDDEN HISTORY: QUOTE TO REMEMBER:

pp
“The Bolshevik leaders here (Russia), most of whom are Jews and 90 percent of whom are returned exiles, care little for Russia or any other country but are internationalists and they are trying to start a world-wide social revolution.”
David R. Francis, U.S. Ambassador to Russia, January 1918
1918-1921 ‘REDS’ vs ‘WHITES’ / CIVIL WAR IN RUSSIA
After the fall of St. Petersburg to the Reds, a counter-revolutionary civil war will tear Russia apart for three more years. The various opponents of the ‘Reds’ are collectively referred to as ‘The Whites’, led mainly by Admiral Kolchak.
When it becomes apparent that a Red revolutionary army composed solely of workers and some ex-Tsarist troops is far too small to put down the counter-Revolution, Trotsky institutes mandatory conscription of the peasantry into the Red Army. Opposition to Red Army conscription is overcome by terror tactics. Hostages and their families are tortured and killed when necessary to force compliance.


Admiral Kolchak’s Whites vs Trotsky’s Reds
JANUARY, 1918 WILSON LAYS OUT A 14 POINT PEACE PROGRAM / GERMANY AND AUSTRIA-HUNGARY RESPOND POSITIVELY
Had it not been for America’s 1917 entry into the war, the stalemated parties would have ceased fighting on their own and millions of lives would have been saved. But it would not be until 1918 that sufficient numbers of trained American recruits would be ready to deploy in combat operations.
Before fresh new rivers of American blood would be shed (117,000 Americans would die of combat or disease-related causes between April and November of 1918), both Germany and Austria-Hungary again communicate their desire for a peaceful resolution; just as they had previously been proposing to make a mutually acceptable peace with Britain and France all along.
In an address before the U.S. Congress, the puppet warmonger Wilson is forced to admit that, in response to his recent “14 Points” Statement, Germany and Austria-Hungary have indeed expressed general agreement with Wilson’s high-sounding proposals.  But in the very next breath, Wilson casually dismisses these promising peace overtures (referring to them as ‘peace utterances’) as unacceptable. Wilsons’ New York handlers (Baruch, Schiff, Warburg, Morgenthau, Brandeis etc) want their long-awaited war for Globalism (the pre-planned ‘League of Nations’) and Zionism (the British theft of Palestine); and they certainly are not about to allow Germanic peace proposals to derail the NWO Express.

The most astonishing of Wilson’s lies is his rosy description of what the eventual post-war peace is to be like. The fact that so many naive and war-weary Germans will later buy into Wilson’s empty promises, will contribute to Germany’s bizarre unconditional surrender and disarmament in November of that same year, 1918.


1- “Tells Germany She May Be Equal” 2- Wilson’s phony peace talk carried the poison pill of the Globalists’ ‘ League of Nations’.
SPRING, 1918 AFTER SUCCESSFUL SPRING OFFENSIVE, GERMAN TROOPS ‘STABBED IN THE BACK’ BY HOME FRONT JEWS

The Reds of Russia can’t fight a civil war at home and an external war at the same time. Lenin and Trotsky have no choice but to take Russia out of the war. Before the American troops can be deployed in large numbers, Germany diverts its troops from the pacified eastern front and stages a major western offensive. The operation begins in March with an attack on British forces in France. The Germans advance 40 miles and Paris is just 75 miles away! The Spring Offensive is so successful that Wilhelm declares March 24 a National Holiday. At this exact critical point, Marxists & Zionists in Germany stab their countrymen in the back. Marxist Trade Union leaders order factory strikes which deprive German troops of critical supplies. (15) The Jewish owned press, which had fanned war

passions in 1914, suddenly turns sour on the war and begins ripping on the German military. German morale begins to fall quickly, as does industrial output. Recent recruits arrive at the front-line with a defeatist attitude as anti-war protests and general discontent spread throughout Germany. The Great Offensive comes to a halt just as the Americans begin to arrive. German Zionists are betraying Germany so that Palestine can be taken from Germany’s Turkish ally and given to the Jews (Balfour Declaration). German Jewish Marxists and “Democratic Socialists” also see a German defeat as a means to destabilize the nation and stage a revolution.
After the war, the treasonous betrayal of 1918 becomes known as “The Stab-in-the-Back.” Modern liberal “historians” dismiss this allegation as a “legend”, but there is nothing mythical about it. On the brink of final victory, Germany was betrayed from within – plain & simple.


Post war cartoons depict Zionist-Marxists stabbing German soldiers in the back.
SUMMER, 1918 ‘THE YANKS ARE COMING!
It had taken about a full year for America to get its military drafted, trained, and deployed under American command. By the summer of 1918, 10,000 fresh troops arrive daily at the front. About 120,000 of them will die in the Great War, 90,000 in combat, 30,000 from disease. In addition to the badly needed fresh blood, the French and British war machines are now being re-supplied by the industrial output of mighty America.

With the breakdown of the Spring Offensive, the tide turns against Germany and its allies. The Allied counter attack, (100 Days Offensive) begins in August. At the Battle of Amiens, the Allies advance 7 miles into German-held territory in just 7 hours. Back in Germany, the Jewish Press ignores the devastating effects of the Jewish-led factory strikes and Jewish-inspired defeatism. Instead, the newspapers blame General Erich Ludendorff for the recent German setbacks!


Fresh American boys arrived to kill German boys as the Jewish press of Germany shamelessly shifted the blame onto General Ludendorff.


1- Come on man! Join me in dying for Wilson’s lies! 2- Dead American entangled in barbed wire. If only his mother, father, wife, kids, friends could have watched him die. What would they say to Professor Wilson?

JULY 16, 1918 TSAR NICHOLAS AND HIS ENTIRE FAMILY ARE BRUTALLY MURDERED
Tsar Nicholas II had hoped to be exiled to the UK while Kerensky was in power, but his British “ally” had refused to take him in. The Bolsheviks (Communists) now hold Nicholas, his wife Alexandra, his four daughters and young son under house arrest. Their Red captors force them to live on rations.
As a boy, Nicholas had witnessed the bombing murder of his grandfather, Alexander II, in 1881. Nicholas’s tragic error was in failing to execute the Red scum, such as Lenin and Trotsky, after their failed 1905 revolution. Now, his misguided mercy returns to haunt him, and his family.
On the evening of July 16/17, 1918, the royal Romanov Family is awakened at 2AM, told to dress, and then herded into the cellar of the house in which they are being held. Moments later, Jewish Reds storm in and gun down the entire family, their doctor, and three servants in cold blood. Some of the Romanov daughters are stabbed and clubbed to death when initial gunfire fails to kill them. News of the brutal murder of the Romanovs will send shock waves throughout Russia, and all of Christian Europe.


A beautiful family – shot and stabbed to death like animals! As the shooting began, the Tsar tried to shield his young son.

1918 BRITISH DIVERT MANPOWER SO AS TO FINISH OFF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE AND STEAL PALESTINE

Britain’s previous campaign against the Turks had ended in failure (Gallipoli). Now, with fresh and strong Americans arriving to fight the Germans in Western Europe, British troops are freed-up to concentrate on the Ottoman Empire. Britain covets the oil fields of the Middle East, but the UK also has a debt to repay to the Zionist bosses who dragged the U.S. into the war. Assisting the Brits in the effort to steal Palestine are 10,000 American Jews who enlist to fight not alongside their fellow Americans in Europe, but with the British, who intend to seize their future home, Palestine.  See: The Jewish Legion
During this time, British airplanes drop leaflets over Germany. Printed in Yiddish, the Balfour leaflets seek to win Jewish support in Germany by promising the Jews a ‘homeland’ in Palestine after they have won the war.


1- Vladimir Jabotinsky (left) led Jewish units in the fight against Turkey. 2- Leaving the Americans to do the heavy lifting against Germany, the British head south to dismantle the Ottoman Empire.

1918 LENIN & TROTSKY ESTABLISH THE ‘COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL’ / VIOLENT RED PLAGUE GOES GLOBAL

88

“All Power to the Workers” really means all power to the New World Order!
With the Russian Civil War raging, the Communist International, known as “The Comintern”, is established in Moscow, Russia. The Comintern states openly that its intention is to fight “by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international “bourgeoisie” (the entrepreneurial class) and for the creation of an international Soviet republic (world government).” (18)
From 1918-1922, Comintern-affiliated Parties form in France, Italy, China, Germany, Spain, Belgium, the U.S. and other nations. All Communists operate under the direction of the Moscow Reds, who are themselves financed by the same Globalist-Zionist international bankers that created the Federal Reserve and brought about the Great War.
SEPTEMBER 2, 1918 THE ‘RED TERROR’ IS ANNOUNCED IN RUSSIA

 

The Russian Communists plan to strategically use terror to intimidate their White adversaries into submission. On orders from Lenin and Trotsky, the “Red Terror” is announced by the Jewish Red Yakov. Sverdlov. The Red Terror is marked by mass arrests in the middle of the night, executions, and hideously creative tactics of torture. As many as 100,000 Russians are murdered in the Red Terror, carried out by Jewish-run Cheka (secret police). Among the atrocities committed, often in view of victim’s family members, are:
 40,000 White prisoners publicly hanged in the Ukraine
 Burning coals inserted into women’s vaginas
 Crucifixions  Rapes of women of all ages  Victims submerged in boiling oil or tar
“All Power to the Workers” really means all power to the New World Order!

 Victims doused with petrol and burned alive  Victims placed in coffins filled with hungry rats  Victims soaked with water, and turned into human ice-cubes in winter weather.  Priests, monks, and nuns have molten lead poured down their throats (19) The demoralizing terror takes a heavy psychological toll on the frightened Russian people. By 1922, many are broken into submission to the Red monsters of the Cheka.


1 & 2 – The horror of the Jewish Red Terror frightened Europe. Not since the days of Genghis Khan have so many Europeans been so brutally murdered. 3- Yakov Sverdlov was a mass murdering beast.
NOVEMBER 11, 1918 THE GREAT WAR ENDS / ‘THE NOVEMBER CRIMINALS’ BETRAY GERMANY TO THE GLOBALISTS
By the fall of 1918, it is clear that Germany can no longer win the War. Its policy now is “to not lose it either.” As he had in 1916, the Kaiser offers to negotiate peace on terms favorable to all. Though Germany cannot win, the Allies are not able to win either. Germany’s Eastern front with Russia is closed. There are no Allied troops on German soil, the Capital, .Berlin is 900 miles safely away from the front, and the German military is very capable of defending the homeland from any invasion. But the home front is collapsing. Treasonous politicians, Marxist labor union leaders, and Zionist media moguls, combine to demoralize the people and destabilize Germany. The Kaiser is forced to step down, exiling to Holland. On November 11, ‘18, Marxists and liberals of the newly formed “Weimer Republic” (formed in the city of Weimar) lie down and roll over for the Allies!

Incredibly, at a time when the Allies do not have a single soldier on German soil, the Weimar traitors order the military to lay down their arms and withdraw from the front. Based on Wilson’s empty promises of “peace without victory”, the ‘November Criminals’ place Germany at the total mercy of the New World Order.


1- The armistice trap was signed in a railway car in Compiegne, France. 2- Patriotic German cartoon depicts politicians stabbing German troops in the back. 3- Jewish Reds seize Berlin that very day

NOVEMBER 11, 1918 AS JEWISH COMMUNISTS CAPTURE BERLIN / KAISER FLEES TO HOLLAND
In 1915, Jewish Reds Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht founded the “Spartacus League” (named after NWO / Illuminati founder Adam Weishaupt’s code name of “Spartacus”). In 1919, the group becomes the Communist Party of Germany. That same month, the Spartacists, aided by Jewish-Hungarian Red Bela Kun, take advantage of the post-war chaos, and stage a coup in Berlin. Kaiser Wilhelm, fearing the same fate as Tsar Nicholas, flees to Holland. He now regrets his past liberalism and denounces the “Jewish influence” that ruined Germany.
The Communist takeover of Berlin is short lived as veterans known as the ‘Freikorps’ reclaim control from the Jewish Reds and their followers. Luxemburg and Liebknecht are captured and executed. The “Freikorps” has saved Germany from the same deadly fate that has befallen Russia, but the new “democratic socialist” Germany will soon face other serious problems. Just like the hard core Reds of Russia pushed aside the socialist Kerensky, the Reds of Germany will keep trying to grab absolute power from the “democratic socialists” of Weimar.


The German Freikorps saved Germany from the Soviet-style Communist bloodbath that Jewish Reds Luxemburg and Liebknecht were planning. NOVEMBER, 1918 INJURED GERMAN ARMY CORPORAL REACTS BITTERLY TO NEWS OF THE SURRENDER As a 25-year-old ‘starving artist’, Adolph Hitler had volunteered to fight for Austria in 1914. By that time, both of his parents had passed away. Afflicted with tuberculosis during youth, Hitler was rejected for military service. Hitler then pleaded with Bavarian authorities to allow him to fight for Germany. He served with great distinction, and was promoted to Lance Corporal after being awarded the German Iron Cross 2nd Class for bravery. In October ‘16, he was badly wounded and spends two months in a military hospital. He could have stayed home but chose to return to the frontlines. In August of ‘18, Hitler is awarded the prestigious Iron Cross 1st Class. In October 1918, he is blinded by a British poison gas attack. While recovering his eyesight, Hitler hears of Germany’s shameful capitulation. He is confused and outraged. The sacrifice and suffering of the German soldiers had been for nothing. The brave unknown painter from Vienna wants answers, and he won’t rest until the ‘November Criminals’ (his term) are exposed and Germany’s honor restored.


Hitler, seated left, was a heroic and highly decorated soldier.

JANUARY, 1919 THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE

The Paris Peace Conference is the meeting of the Allied victors to financially crush Germany and determine the new borders of the defeated nations. The Globalists devise a series of treaties (Paris Peace Treaties) that reshape Europe and the world. At its center are the leaders of the three ‘Great Powers’: Woodrow Wilson (U.S.), Prime Ministers David Lloyd George (U.K.) and Georges Clemenceau (France). Germany is not invited and will have no say in the final decisions.
The Globalists will dismantle existing nations and create new ones. Austria-Hungary and Turkey are carved up; their disparate peoples re-assigned to new states. The Conference also creates the framework for a future World Government, The League of Nations. A Zionist delegation is also present. They had brought America into the war, and now it is time to collect payment for services rendered (Balfour Declaration). Former Arab territories of the Ottoman Empire are separated from Turkish rule and broken up into small states. Palestine is to become a British protectorate. See: British Mandate The Zionist statement establishes the Jew’s claim to a piece of Palestine, guaranteed by The League of Nations and exactly as Herzl had predicted in 1897! Jews from all over the world may now immigrate to British Palestine, but in controlled numbers. The Arabs of Palestine (a 95% majority) were not consulted about this deal, and they are angry.

Clemenceau, Wilson, & George front for the Globalist gangsters in Paris.
JUNE, 1919 GERMANY IS GANG-RAPED BY THE ‘TREATY OF VERSAILLES’
Out of the Paris Peace Conference comes the barbaric and infamous “Treaty of Versailles”. The cruelty of the Treaty is today recognized even by liberal historians. With Germany disarmed by its new government, the Globalists & Zionists proceed to rape the German nation; a nation that did not want war, had tried to avert the war, and had offered to make peace on numerous occasions after the war had begun.

The Treaty contains 440 clauses, 414 of which are dedicated towards punishing Germany for a war that was imposed upon her. Among the key provisions that a disarmed Germany and Austria (Treaty of St. Germaine) are forced to accept at gunpoint and while under a hunger blockade are:
1. Germany must accept 100% responsibility for the war.
2. German armed forces restricted to 100,000 men.
3. The industrial German Rhineland will be occupied by French troops for 15 years. 4. Kaiser Wilhelm II (safe in Holland) should be tried for “offenses against international morality”.
5. The German region of West Prussia is given to the new nation of Poland. Two million West Prussians are forcefully expelled from their homes, and East Prussia is left isolated from the rest of Germany!

6. The German Sudetenland region is put under the rule of the new nation of ‘Czechoslovakia’.

7. The new state of Austria is forbidden from uniting with their brothers in Germany.

8. Germany is stripped of African colonies. Britain, France, & Belgium take them.

9. The coal-rich Saar region of Germany is placed under League of Nations control for 15 years. During this time, its coal is to be shipped to France.

10. The Baltic Sea port city of Danzig is separated from Germany and declared a “free.city.”

11. Germany is forced to pay massive war reparations in the form of money and natural resources. The crushing debt payments (equal to 1 Trillion dollars in modern currency) will devastate the German economy and soon cause a hyper-inflationary monetary collapse.

Defenseless Germany is kept under the hunger blockade until she agrees to the harsh terms. About 100,000 Germans die as a result of the post-armistice food blockade.  The unjust and inhumane Treaty of Versailles will breed resentment and anger for year to come.


1- West Prussia is given to the new state of Poland. East Prussia is cut off from the rest of Germany! 2- German Sudetenland is assigned to the new state of Czechoslovakia

The Men Who Caused the French Revolution 1789

       In the previous chapter evidence was given to prove how a small group of foreign money-lenders, operating through their English agents, remained anonymous while they secured control of that nation’s economy for the modest sum of £1,250,000.  Evidence will now be produced to identify some of these International Jewish money-lenders and prove they, or their successors, plotted and planned, and helped finance, the Great French Revolution of 1789, exactly the same way as they had plotted and planned and financed the English Revolution of 1640-1649.  In succeeding chapters evidence will be produced to prove that the descendants of these same International Jewish Financiers have been The Secret Power behind everytime​ war and revolution from 1789 onwards.

The Jewish Encyclopedia says Edom is in modern Jewry.  This is a very important admission, because the word Edom means Red.  History reveals that a Jewish Goldsmith, Amschel Moses Bauer, tired of his wandering in Eastern Europe, decided in 1750 to settle down in Frankfort-on-the-Main in Germany.  He opened a shop, or Counting House, in the Jundenstrasse district.  Over the door of his shop he placed as his sign of business A RED SHIELD.  It is of the greatest importance to remember that the Jews in Eastern Europe, who belonged to the revolutionary movement based on terrorism, had also adopted The Red Flag as their emblem because it represented Blood.

Amschel Moses Bauer had a son born in 1743 and he named him Amschel Mayer Bauer.  The father died in 1754 when his son was only eleven years of age.  The boy had shown great ability, and extraordinary intelligence, and his father had taught him everything possible about the rudimentary principles of the money-lending business.  It had been the father’s intention to have his son trained as a Rabbi but death intervened.

A few years after his father’s death Amschel Mayer Bauer was employed by the Oppenheimer Bank as a clerk.  He soon proved his natural ability for the banking business and was rewarded with a junior partnership.  Later he returned to Frankfort where he secured control and ownership of the business which had been established by his father in 1750.  The Red Shield was still proudly displayed over the door.  Knowing the secret significance of the Red Shield Amschel Mayer Bauer decided to adopt it as the new family name.  Red Shield in German is Roth Schild and thus The House of Rothschild came into being.

Amschel Mayer Bauer lived until 1812.  He had five sons.  All of them were specially-trained to become Captains of High Finance.  Nathan, one of the sons, showed exceptional ability and, at the age of twenty-one, went to England with the definite purpose of securing control of the Bank of England.  The purpose was to use this control to work in conjunction with his father and other brothers to set up, and consolidate, an International Banking Monopoly in Europe.  The combined wealth of the International Banking Pool could then be used to further the secret ambitions his father had made known to all his sons.  To prove his ability, Nathan Rothschild turned £20,000, with which he had been entrusted, into £60,000 in three years.

In studying the World Revolutionary Movement it is important to remember that The Red Flagwas the symbol of the French Revolution and every revolution since.  More significant still is the fact that when Lenin, financed by International Bankers, overthrew the Russian Government and established the first Totalitarian Dictatorship in 1917, the design of the flag was a Red Flag, with a Hammer and Sickle, and THE STAR OF JUDEA imposed.

In 1773, when Mayer Rothschild was only thirty years of age, he invited twelve other wealthy and influential men to meet him in Frankfort.  His purpose was to convince them that if they agreed to pool their resources they could then finance and control the World Revolutionary Movement and use it as their Manual of Action to win ultimate control of the wealth, natural resources, and man-power of the entire world.

Rothschild revealed how the English Revolution had been organized.  He pointed out the mistakes and errors that had been made.  The revolutionary period had been too long.  The elimination of reactionaries had not been accomplished with sufficient speed and ruthlessness.  The planned reign of terror, by which the subjugation of the masses was to be accomplished speedily, had not been put into effective operation.  Even after all these mistakes had been made the initial purpose of the revolution had been achieved.  The bankers who instigated the revolution had established control of the national economy and consolidated the national debt.  By means of intrigue carried out on an international scale they had increased the national debt steadily by loaning the money to fight the wars and rebellions they had fomented since 1694.

Basing his arguments on logic and sound reasoning, Mayer Rothschild pointed out that the financial results obtained as the result of the English Revolution would be as nothing when compared to the financial rewards to be obtained by a French Revolution provided those present agreed to unity of purpose and put into effect his carefully thought out and revised revolutionary plan.  The project would be backed by all the power that could be purchased with their pooled resources.  This agreement reached, Mayer Rothschild unfolded his revolutionary plan.  By clever manipulation of their combined wealth it would be possible to create such adverse economic conditions that the masses would be reduced to a state bordering on starvation by unemployment.  By use of cleverly conceived propaganda it would be easy to place the blame for the adverse economic conditions on the King, His Court, the Nobles, the Church, Industrialists, and the employers of labour.  Their paid propagandists would arouse feelings of hatred and revenge against the ruling classes by exposing all real and alleged cases of extravagance, licentious conduct, injustice, oppression, and persecution.  They, would also invent infamies to bring into disrepute others who might, if left alone, interfere with their over-all plans.[1]

After the general introduction to build up an enthusiastic reception for the plot he was about to unfold, Rothschild turned to a manuscript and proceeded to read a carefully prepared plan of action.  The following is what I have been assured *// By whom, and based on what ? is a condensed version of the plot by which the conspirators hoped to obtain ultimate undisputed control of the wealth, natural resources, and man-power of the entire world.

1.  The speaker started to unfold the plot by saying that because the majority of men were inclined to evil rather than to good the best results in governing them could be obtained by using violence and terrorism and not by academic discussions.  The speaker reasoned that in the beginning human society had been subject to brutal and blind force which was afterwards changed to LAW.  He argued that LAW was FORCE only in disguise.  He reasoned it was logical to conclude that “By the laws of nature right lies in force”.

2.  He next asserted that political freedom is an idea and not a fact.  He stated that in order to usurp political power all that was necessary was to preach ‘Liberalism’ so that the electorate, for the sake of an idea, would yield some of their power and prerogatives which the plotters could then gather together into their own hands.

3.  The speaker asserted that the Power of Gold had usurped the power of liberal rulers even then, i.e. 1773.  He reminded his audience that there had been a time when FAITH had ruled but stated that once FREEDOM had been substituted for FAITH the people did not know how to use it in moderation.  He argued that because of this fact it was logical to assume that they could use the idea of FREEDOM to bring about “CLASS WARS”.  He pointed out that it was immaterial to the success of HIS plan whether the established governments were destroyed by internal or external foes because the victor had of necessity to seek the aid of ‘Capital’ which “Is entirely in our hands.” [2]

4.  He argued that the use of any and all means to reach their final goal was justified on the grounds that the ruler who governed by the moral code was not a skilled politician because he left himself vulnerable and in an unstable position on his throne.  He said “Those who wish to rule must have recourse to cunning and to make-believe because great national qualities like frankness and honesty, are vices in politics[3]

5.  He asserted “Our right lies in force.  The word RIGHT is an abstract thought and proves nothing.  I find a new RIGHT … to attack by the RIGH can get the guyT of the strong, and to scatter to the winds all existing forces of order and regulation, to reconstruct all existing institutions, and to become the sovereign Lord of all those who left to us the RIGHTS to their powers by laying them down voluntarily in their ‘Liberalism’.

6.  He then admonished his listeners with these words “The power of our resources must remain invisible until the very moment when it has gained such strength that no cunning or force can undermine it.”  He warned them that any deviation from the Line of the strategical plan he was making known to them would risk bringing to naught “THE LABOURS OF CENTURIES”.

7.  He next advocated the use of ‘Mob Psychology’ to obtain control of the masses.  He reasoned that the might of the Mob is blind, senseless, and unreasoning and ever at the mercy of suggestion from any side.  He stated “Only a despotic ruler can rule the Mob efficiently because without absolute despotism there can be no existence for civilization which was carried out NOT by the masses, but by their guide, whosoever that person might be.”  He warned “The moment the Mob seizes FREEDOMin its hands it quickly turns to anarchy.

8.  He next advocated that the use of alcoholicliquors, drugs, moral corruption, and all forms of vice, be used systematically by their “Agenturs”[4] to corrupt the morals of the youth of the nations.  He recommended that the special ‘agenturs’ should be trained as tutors, lackeys, governesses, clerks and by our women in the places of dissipation frequented by the Goyim.[5]  He added “In the number of these last I count also the so-called society ladies who become voluntary followers of the others in corruption and luxury.  We must not stop at bribery, deceit, and treachery when they should serve towards the attainment of our end.”

9.  Turning to politics he claimed they had theRIGHT to seize property by any means, and without hesitation, if by doing so they secured submission, and sovereignty.  He pronounced “Our STATE marching along the path of peaceful conquest has the RIGHT to replace the horrors of wars by less noticeable and more satisfactory sentences of death necessary to maintain the ‘terror’ which tends to produce blind submission.”

10.  Dealing with the use of slogans he said “In ancient times we were the first to put the words ‘Liberty’, ‘Equality’ and ‘Fraternity’ into the mouths of the masses … words repeated to this day by stupid pollparrots;  words which the would-be wise men of the Goyim could make nothing of in their abstractness, and did not note the contradiction of their meaning and inter-relation.”  He claimed the words brought under their directions and control ‘legions’ “Who bore our banners with enthusiasm.”  He reasoned that there is no place in nature for ‘Equality’, ‘Liberty’ or ‘Fraternity’.  He said “On the ruins of the natural and genealogical aristocracy of the Goyim we have set up the aristocracy of MONEY.  The qualification for this aristocracy is WEALTH which is dependent upon us.

11.  He next expounded his theories regarding war.  In 1773 he set down a principle which the governments of Britain and the United States publicly announced as their joint policy in 1939.  He said it should be the policy of those present to foment wars but to direct the peace conferences so that neither of the combatants obtained territorial gains.  He said the wars should be directed so that the nations engaged on both sides would be placed further in their debt, and in the power of ‘Our’ Agenturs.

12.  He next dealt with administration.  He told those present that they must use their wealth to have candidates chosen for public office who would be “servile and obedient to our commands, so they may readily be used as Pawns in our game by the learned and genious men we will appoint to operate behind the scenes of government as official advisers.”  He added “The men we appoint as ‘Advisers’ will have been bred, reared, and trained from childhood in accordance with our ideas to rule the affairs of the whole world.

13.  He dealt with propaganda, and explained how their combined wealth could control all outlets of public information while they remained in the shade and clear of blame regardless of what the repercussions might be due to the publication of libels, slanders, or untruths.  The speaker said “Thanks to the Press we have got gold in our hands notwithstanding the fact that we had to gather it out of the oceans of blood and tears…  But it has paid us even though we have sacrificed many of our own people.  Each victim on our side is worth a thousand Goyim.”

14.  He next explained the necessity of having their ‘Agentur’ always come out into the open, and appear on the scene, when conditions had reached their lowest ebb, and the masses had been subjugated by means of want and terror.  He pointed out that when it was time to restore order they should do it in such a way that the victims would believe they had been the prey of criminals and irresponsibles.  He said “By executing the criminals and lunatics after they have carried out our preconceived ‘reign of terror’, we can make ourselves appear as the saviours of the oppressed, and the champions of the workers.”  The speaker then added “We are interested in just the opposite … in the diminution, the killing out of the Goyim.

15.  He next explained how industrial depressions and financial panics could be brought about and used to serve their purpose saying “Enforced unemployment and hunger, imposed on the masses because of the power we have to create shortages of food, will create the right of Capital to rule more surely than it was given to the real aristocracy, and by the legal authority of Kings.”  He claimed that by having their agentur control the ‘Mob’, the ‘Mob’ could then be used to wipe out all who dared to stand in their way.

16.  The infiltration into continental Freemasonry was next discussed extensively.  The speaker stated that their purpose would be to take advantage of the facilities and secrecy Freemasonry had to offer.  He pointed out that they could organize their own Grand Orient Lodges within Blue Freemasonry in order to carry on their subversive activities and hide the true nature of their work under the cloak of philanthropy.  He stated that all members initiated into their Grand Orient Lodges should be used for proselytizing purposes and for spreading their atheistic-materialistic ideology amongst the Goyim.  He ended this phase of the discussion with the words.  “When the hour strikes for our sovereign Lord of all the World to be crowned these same hands will sweep away everything that might stand in his way.

17.  He next expounded the value of systematic deceptions, pointing out that their agentur should be trained in the use of high sounding phrases, and the use of popular slogans.  They should make the masses the most lavish of promises.  He observed “The opposite of what has been promised can always be done afterwards … that is of no consequence.”  He reasoned that by using such words as Freedom and Liberty, the Goyim could be stirred up to such a pitch of patriotic fervour that they could be made to fight even against the laws of God, and Nature.  He added “And for this reason after we obtain control the very NAME OF GOD will be erased from the ‘Lexicon of life’.[6]

18.  He then detailed the plans for revolutionary war;  the art of street fighting;  and outlined the pattern for the ‘Reign of Terror’ which he insisted must accompany every revolutionary effort “Because it is the most economical way to bring the population to speedy subjection.

19.  Diplomacy was next discussed.  After all wars secret diplomacy must be insisted upon “in order that our agentur, masquerading as ‘poltitical’, ‘Financial’, and ‘Economic’ advisers, can carry out our mandates without fear of exposing who are ‘The Secret Power’ behind national and international affairs.”  The speaker then told those present that by secret diplomacy they must obtain such control “that the nations cannot come to even an inconsiderable private agreement without our secret agents having a hand in it.

20.  Ultimate World Government the goal.  To reach this goal the speaker told them “It will be necessary to establish huge monopolies, reservoirs of such colossal riches, that even the largest fortunes of the Goyim will depend on us to such an extent that they will go to the bottom together with the credit of their governments ON THE DAY AFTER THE GREAT POLITICAL SMASH.”  The speaker then added “You gentlemen here present who are economists just strike an estimate of the significance of this combination.

21.  Economic war.  Plans to rob the Goyim of their landed properties and industries were then discussed.  A combination of high taxes, and unfair competition was advocated to bring about the economic ruin of the Goyim as far as their national financial interests and investments were concerned.  In the international field he felt they could be encouraged to price themselves out of the markets.  This could be achieved by the careful control of raw materials, organized agitation amongst the workers for shorter hours and higher pay, and by subsidizing competitors.  The speaker warned his co-conspirators that they must arrange matters, and control conditions, so that “the increased wages obtained by the workers will not benefit them in any way.

22.  Armaments.  It was suggested that the building up of armaments for the purpose of making the Goyim destroy each other should be launched on such a colossal scale that in the final analysis “there will only be the masses of the proletariat left in the world, with a few millionaires devoted to our cause … and police, and soldiers sufficient to protect our interests.

23.  The New Order.  The members of the One World Government would be appointed by the Dictator.  He would pick men from amongst the scientists, the economists, the financiers, the industrialists, and from the millionaires because “in substance everything will be settled by the question of figures.

24.  Importance of youth.  The importance of capturing the interest of youth was emphasized with the admonition that “Our agenturs should infiltrate into all classes, and levels of society and government, for the purpose of fooling, bemusing, and corrupting the younger members of society by teaching them theories and principles we know to be false.

25.  National and International Laws should not be changed but should be used as they are, to destroy the civilization of the Goyim “merely by twisting them into a contradiction of the interpretation which first masks the law and afterwards hides it altogether.  Our ultimate aim is to substitute ARBITRATION for LAW.

The speaker then told his listeners “You may think the Goyim will rise upon us with arms, but in the WEST we have against this possibility an organization of such appalling terror that the very stoutest hearts quail … the ‘Underground’… The Metropolitans … The subterranean corridors … these will be established in the capitals and cities of all countries before that danger threatens.

The use of the word ‘WEST’ has great significance.  It makes it plain that Rothschild was addressing men who had joined the World Revolutionary Movement which was started in the Pale of Settlement in the ‘EAST’.  It must be remembered that before Amschel Moses Bauer settled down in Frankfort, Germany, he had followed his trade as a gold and silversmith, travelling extensively in the ‘East’ of Europe, where he had undoubtedly met the men his son Amschel Mayer addressed after he developed from a money-lender into a banker and established THE HOUSE OF ROTHSCHILD in the Jundenstrasse where the above meeting is said to have taken place in 1773.

As far as can be ascertained the original plan of the conspiracy ended at the point where it terminated above.  I am satisfied that the documents which fell into the hands of Professor S. Nilus in 1901, and which he published under the title ‘The Jewish Peril’ in 1905 in Russia, were an enlargement of the original plot.  There appears to be no change in the first section but various additions disclose how the conspirators had used Darwinism, Marxism, and even Nietzche-ism.  More important still, the documents discovered in 1901 disclose how Zionism was to be used.  It must be remembered that Zionism was only organized in 1897.

This matter is referred to later, when the intrigue leading up to the abdication of King Edward VIII is explained.  The translation Mr. Victor Marsden made of The Jewish Peril, was published by The Britons Publishing Society, London, England, under the title The Protocols of The Learned Elders of Zion in 1921.  This book is also discussed.  It appears logical to say that the discovery of the later document confirms the existence of the earlier one.  Little, if anything is changed, but considerable material is added probably due to the rapid development of the international conspiracy.  The only point upon which there seems to be grounds for disagreement is in regard to the titles chosen by Prof. Nilus and Mr. Marsden for their books.  Mr. Marsden definitely states the contents of his book are the Protocols of the meetings of the Learned Elders of Zionwhereas it would appear it was a plot presented to moneylenders, Goldsmiths, Industrialists, Economists, and others, by Amschel Mayer Rothschild who had graduated from money-lender to banker.

Once the spirit of revolt against constituted authority had been aroused within the hearts and minds of the masses, the actual revolutionary effort would be carried out under the impetus of a preconceived Reign of Terror.  The Reign of Terror would be conceived by the leaders of the Jewish Illuminati.  They in turn would have their agents infiltrate into the newly organized French Freemasonry and establish therein Lodges of Grand Orient Masonry to be used as the revolutionary underground and as their instrument for proselytizing the doctrine of atheistic dialectical and historical materialism.  Rothschild ended his discourse by pointing out that if proper precautions were taken their connection with the revolutionary movement need never be known.

The question may well be asked “How can it be proved these secret meetings were held ?” — and “If they were held how is it possible to prove what matters were discussed at such meetings ?”  The answer is simple.  The devilish plot was made known by “An Act of God”.

In 1785 a courier was galloping madly on horseback from Frankfort to Paris carrying detailed information regarding the World Revolutionary Movement in general, and instructions for the planned French Revolution in particular.  The instructions originated with the Jewish Illuminati in Germany and were addressed to Grand Master of the Grand Orient Masons in France.  The Grand Orient Lodges had been established as the revolutionary underground by the Duc D’Orleans after he, as Grand Master of French Masonry, had been initiated into the Jewish Illuminati in Frankfort by Mirabeau.  The courier was struck by lightning while passing through Ratisbon, and killed.  The documents he carried fell into the hands of the police who turned them over to the Bavarian Government.  A record of historical events told in chronological order connects the House of Rothschild with the Jewish Illuminati in Frankfort and the Illuminati within French Free Masonry known as the Grand Orient Lodges as will be shown.

It has been recorded how the Jewish Rabbis claimed the power to interpret the secret and hidden meanings of the writings of Holy Scripture by special revelation obtained through Cabala.  Claiming to have such powers was of little avail unless they had an organization, or instrument, in their hands to put the inspiration they claimed to have received into effect.  The money-lenders, certain High Priests, Directors, and Elders decided to organize a very secret society to serve their evil purpose — they named it “The Illuminati”.  The word Illuminati is derived from the word Lucifer, which means Bearer of the Light, or Being of extraordinary brilliance.  Therefore the Illuminati was Organized to carry out the inspirations given to the High Priests by Lucifer during the performance of their Cabalistic Rites.  Thus Christ is proved justified when he named them of the Synagogue of Satan.  The Supreme Council of the Jewish Illuminati numbered thirteen.  They were, and still remain, the executive body of The Council of Thirty Three.  The heads of the Jewish Illuminati claim to possess superlative knowledge in everything pertaining to religious doctrine, religious rites, and religious ceremonies.  They were the men who conceived the Atheistic-materialistic ideology which in 1848 was published as “The Communist Manifesto” by Karl Marx.  Marx was the nephew of a Jewish Rabbi but he disassociated himself officially from the Jewish High Priesthood when designated to perform his important duties, putting into practice once again the Joint Stock Co. principle of operation.

The reason the Supreme Council numbered thirteen was to remind the members that their one and only duty was to destroy the religion founded by Christ and his twelve Apostles.[7]  To ensure secrecy and avoid the possibility of Judas-like betrayal, every man initiated into the Illuminati was required to take an oath of Unlimited Obedience to the head of the Council of Thirty Three and to recognize no mortal as above him.  In an organization, such as the Illuminati, this meant that every member acknowledged the head of the Council of Thirty Three as his God upon this earth.  This fact explains how high level Communists, even to-day, swear on oath that they do not give allegiance to Russia.  They don’t.  They give allegiance only to the head of the directors of the World Revolutionary Movement.

The Supreme Council decided they would use the Ingoldstadt Lodge to organize a campaign by which the agents or Cells of the Illuminati would infiltrate into Continental Freemasonry and, under the cloak of social enjoyment and public philanthropy, organize their revolutionary underground.  Those who infiltrated into Continental Freemasonry were ordered to establish Lodges of the Grand Orient and use them for proselytism so they could quickly contact non-Jews of wealth, position, and influence connected with both Church and State.  Then, by using the age-old methods of bribery, corruption and graft, they could make them become willing, or unwilling, disciples of Illuminism.  They could make them preach the inversion of the Ten Commandments of God.  They could make them advocate atheistic-materialism.

Once this policy had been decided upon, agents of the Supreme Council contacted the Marquis of Mirabeau as the most likely person in France to serve their ends.  He belonged to the nobility.  He had great influence in court circles, he was an intimate friend of the Duc D’Orleans whom they had decided they would use as Front Man to lead the French Revolution.  But more important still, the Marquis of Mirabeau was devoid of morals and his licentious excesses had led him heavily into debt.

It was a simple matter for the money-lenders to have their agents contact Mirabeau, the famous French orator.  Under the guise of friends and admirers they offered to help him out of his financial difficulties.  What they actually did was lead him down the “Primrose Path” into the very depths of vice and debauchery until he was so deeply in their debt that he was forced to do their bidding.  At a meeting to consolidate his debts, Mirabeau was introduced to Moses Mendelssohn, one of the big Jewish financiers who took him in hand.  Mendelssohn in due time introduced Mirabeau to a woman, famous for her personal beauty and charm but without moral scruples.

This stunning Jewess was married to a man named Herz, but, to a man like Mirabeau, the fact that she was married only made her more desirable.  It wasn’t long before she was spending more time with Mirabeau than she was spending with her husband.  Heavily in debt to Mendelssohn, tightly ensnared by Mrs. Herz, Mirabeau was completely helpless … He had swallowed their bait hook, line, and sinker.  But, like good fishermen, they played him gently for a time.  If they exerted too great a pressure the leader might break and their fish might get away.  Their next move was to have him initiated into Illuminism.  He was sworn to secrecy and unlimited obedience under pain of death.  The next move was to lead him into compromising situations which mysteriously became public.  This method of destroying a man’s character became known as the practice of L’Infamie.  Because of scandals and organized detraction, Mirabeau was ostracized by many of his social equals.  His resentment produced a desire for revenge and thus he embraced the revolutionary Cause.

Mirabeau’s task was to induce the Duc D’Orleans to lead the Revolutionary Movement in France.  It was implied that once the King had been forced to abdicate he would become the Democratic Ruler of France.  The real plotters of the French Revolution were careful not to let either Mirabeau or the Duc D’Orleans know they intended to murder the King and Queen, and thousands of the nobility.  They made Mirabeau and the Duc D’Orleans believe that the purpose of the revolution was to free politics and religion from superstition and despotism.  Another factor which made the men who were The Secret Power behind the revolutionary movement decide that the Duc D’Orleans should be their Front man was the fact that he was Grand Master of French Freemasonry.

Adam Weishaupt was given the task of adapting the ritual and rites of Illuminism for use of initiation into the Grand Orient Masonry.  He also lived in Frankfort, Germany.  Mirabeau introduced the Duc D’Orleans and his friend Talleyrand to Weishaupt who initiated them into the secrets of Grand Orient Masonry.  By the end of 1773 Phillipe, Duc D’Orleans had introduced the Grand Orient Ritual into French Freemasonry.  By 1788 there were more than two thousand lodges in France affiliated with Grand Orient Masonry and the number of individual adepts exceeded one hundred thousand.  Thus the Jewish Illuminati under Moses Mendelssohn was introduced into Continental Freemasonry by Weishaupt under the guise of Lodges of the Grand Orient.  The Jewish Illuminati next organized secret revolutionary committees within the lodges.  Thus the revolutionary underground directors were established throughout France.

Once Mirabeau had succeeded in having the Duc D’Orleans amalgamate the Blue or Nationalfreemasonry in France with the Grand Orient rites, he led his friend down the same “Primrose Path” which had led to his own social ostracism.  In exactly four years, the Duc D’Orleans was so heavily in debt that he was PERSUADED to engage in every form of illegal traffic and trade to recuperate his losses.  But in some mysterious manner his ventures always seemed to go wrong and he lost more and more money.

By 1780 he owed 800,000 livres.  Once again the money-lenders came forward and offered him advice in regard to his business transactions and financial aid.  They very nicely manoeuvred him into the position of signing over to them as security for their loans, his palace, his estates, his house, and the Palais Royal.  The Duc D’Orleans signed an agreement under which his Jewish financiers were authorized to manage his properties and estates so as to ensure him sufficient income to meet his financial obligations and leave him a steady and adequate income.

The Duc D’Orleans had never been too bright in regard to financial matters.  To him the agreement he signed with his Jewish Bankers appeared to be a sound financial deal.  They had offered to manage his business affairs and turn them from a dismal failure into a great financial success.  What more could he want ?  It is doubtful if the Duc D’Orleans even suspected that there was a nigger hidden deep in the wood-pile.  It is doubtful if he even suspected he had sold himself body and soul to the Agents of the Devil… But he had done so.  He was completely in their hands.[8]

The Secret Powers directing the French Revolution appointed Choderlos de Laclos to manage the Palais Royal and the Duc D’Orleans’ estates.  De Laclos is thought to have been a Jew of Spanish origin.  When he was appointed manager of the Palais Royal he was acclaimed as the author of Les Liaisons Dangereuses and other pornographic works.  He publicly defended his extreme immorality on the grounds that he studied the politics of love in all its varied aspects because of his love of politics.

It matters little who Choderlos de Laclos was, it is what he did that is of importance.  He turned the Palais Royal into the greatest and most notorious house of ill-fame the world has ever known.  In the Palais Royal he established every kind of lewd entertainment, licentious conduct, shameless shows, obscene picture galleries, pornographic libraries, and staged public exhibitions of the most bestial forms of sexual depravity.  Special opportunities were provided for men and women who wished to indulge in every form of debauchery.  The Palais Royal became the centre in which details of the campaign for the systematic destruction of the French religious faith and public morals were conceived and carried out.  This was done on the Cabalistic theory that the best revolutionary is a youth devoid of morals.

Associated with de Laclos was a Jew from Palermo named Cagliostro, alias Joseph Balsamo.  He turned one of the Duc’s properties into a printing house from which he issued revolutionary pamphlets.  Balsamo organized a staff of revolutionary propagandists.  In addition to literature they organized concerts, and plays, and debates calculated to appeal to the very lowest instincts of human nature and further the revolutionary cause.  Balsamo also organized the Spy-rings which enabled the men who were The Secret Power behind the revolutionary movement to put into operation their plan of L’Infamie to be used for systematic character assassination.

Men and women, who were enticed into the Web spun by de Laclos and Balsamo, could be blackmailed into doing their bidding.  Thus it was the Duc D’Orleans’ estates were turned into the Centre of Revolutionary Politics while, under the guise of Lecture Halls, Theatres, Art Galleries, and Athletic Clubs, the gambling rooms, brothels, and wine and drug shops did a roaring trade.  In this revolutionary underworld potential leaders were first ensnared.  Their consciences were at first deadened by evil associations and then killed by indulgence in evil practices.  The estates of the Duc D’Orleans were turned into factories in which the Secret Power behind the World Revolutionary Movement manufactured the Pieces they intended to use in their game of International Chess.  Scudder, who wrote “Prince of the Blood” says of the Palais Royal :  “It gave the police more to do than all other parts of the city”.  But as far as the public was concerned, this infamous place was owned by the Duc D’Orleans, the cousin of the king.  Only a mere handful of men and women knew that the moneylenders controlled it and used it to create a revolutionary organization which was to be the instrument of their revenge and their manual of action to further their secret aims and ambitions.

After the secret documents found on the body of the Courier had been read by the police, the documents were passed on to the Bavarian Government.  The Bavarian Government ordered the police to raid the headquarters of the Illuminati.  Further evidence was obtained which exposed the wide-spread ramifications of the World Revolutionary Movement.  The Governments of France, England, Poland, Germany, Austria and Russia were informed of the International Nature of the revolutionary plot, but as has happened repeatedly since, the governments concerned took no serious action to stop the diabolical conspiracy.  Why ?  The only answer to this question is this :  The power of the men behind the world revolutionary movement is greater than the power of any elected government.  This fact will be proved time and time again as the story unfolds.

The malevolent men who plot and plan the W.R.M. have an another advantage over decent people.  The average person, who believes in God and finds pleasure and enjoyment in the beautiful things with which God has blessed us, just cannot bring himself, or herself, to believe a diabolical plan of hatred and revenge could be conceived by human beings.  Although all Christians believe most sincerely that the Grace of God enters their own souls as the result of attending their religious services, receiving the Sacraments, and saying their prayers, they cannot make themselves believe that through the ceremonies and Rites of the Illuminati, be it the Semitic Cabala or the Aryan Pagan Grand Orient type, the Devil does inoculate his evil influence and powers into the hearts and souls of the men and women who accept, as their religion, Satanism or atheism, and put the theories of their High Priests into practice.

A few illustrations will be given to show how individuals and governments have remained just as stupid and naive in regard to warnings given them concerning the evil mechanism of the real leaders of the World Revolutionary Movement.

After various governments failed to act on the information made known by the Bavarian police in 1785, the sister of Marie Antoinette wrote her personal letters warning her of the revolutionary plot;  the connection of the International Bankers;  the part Freemasonry was destined to play, and her own danger.  Marie Antoinette (1755 – 1793) was the daughter of the Emperor Francis I of Austria.  She married Louis XVI of France.  She just couldn’t bring herself to believe the terrible things her own sister told her were being plotted by the Illuminati.  To the repeated warnings sent by her sister, Marie Antoinette wrote long letters in reply.  In regard to her sister’s claim that evidence had been obtained that the Illuminati operating under the guise of Philanthropic Freemasonry planned to destroy both the Church and State in France, Marie Antoinette replied :  “I believe that as far as France is concerned, you worry too much about Freemasonry.  Here it is far from having the significance it may have elsewhere in Europe.”

How wrong she proved to be is a matter of history.  Because she refused consistently to heed her sister’s repeated warnings she and her husband died under the guillotine.

Between 1917 and 1919 the British Government was given full particulars regarding the international bankers who were at that time The Secret Power behind the W.R.M.  The information was submitted officially by British Intelligence Officers, American Intelligence Officers and confirmed by Mr. Oudendyke and Sir M. Findlay.  Mr. Oudendyke was the representative of the Netherlands Government in St. Petersburg (now Leningrad) at the time.  He looked after Britain’s interests after The Mob had wrecked the British Embassy, and killed Commander E.N. Cromie.  This aspect of the W.R.M. is dealt with in detail in subsequent chapters on Russia.

The majority of students of history believe Marie Antoinette was a woman who entered fully into the spirit and gaiety of the French Court.  It is generally accepted as a fact that she engaged in many affairs d’amour with her husband’s close friends, and indulged in reckless extravagances.  That is the picture Balsamo and his propagandists painted of her.  The fact that they made their L’Infamie stick enabled them to have the mob demand her life.  But their version of the conduct of Marie Antoinette is a pack of lies, as historians have proved.  The fortitude with which she bore the sufferings inflicted upon her by her enemies, the dignity with which she met her fate, and the resignation and courage with which she offered up her life on the scaffold, cannot be reconciled with the characteristics of a wanton woman.

In order to defame Marie Antoinette, Weishaupt and Mendelssohn thought up the idea of the Diamond Necklace.  At the time, the financial resources of France were at their lowest ebb and the government of France was begging the International Money-Barons to grant them further credit.  A secret agent of the arch-conspirators ordered a fabulous diamond necklace to be made by the Court Jewellers.  The order for this necklace, the estimated value of which was a quarter of a million livres, was placed in the name of the Queen.  When the Court Jewellers brought the Diamond Necklace to the Queen for her acceptance she refused to have anything to do with it.  She disclaimed all knowledge of the transaction.  But the news of the fabulous necklace leaked out as the plotters intended it should.  Balsamo put his propaganda machine into operation.  Marie Antoinette was deluged with criticism;  her character was smeared;  her reputation dragged in the mire by a whispering campaign of character assassination.  And, as usual, nobody could ever put a finger on the person or persons who started the slanders.  After this build-up, Balsamo uncorked his own special master-piece.  His printing presses turned out thousands upon thousands of pamphlets which claimed a secret lover of the Queen’s had sent the necklace as a mark of appreciation for her favours.

But those who operated L’Infamie thought up even more diabolical slanders to circulate regarding the Queen.  They wrote a letter to Cardinal Prince de Rohan to which they forged the signature of the Queen.  In the letter he was asked to meet her at the Palais Royal about midnight to discuss the matter of the diamond necklace.  A prostitute from the Palais Royal was engaged to disguise herself as the Queen, and involve the Cardinal.  The incident was played up in newspapers and pamphlets and the foulest innuendoes were circulated involving two of the highest personages of both Church and State.

History records that after the diamond necklace had served its foul purpose it was taken over to England and taken apart.  A Jew named Eliason is said to have retained the majority of the valuable diamonds used in its original composition.

Another piece of evidence which connects the English Jewish moneylenders with the plot to bring about the French Revolution was unearthed by Lady Queensborough, author of “Occult Theocrasy”.  While doing some research work she read a copy of “L’Anti-Semitisme” written by a Jew named Bernard Lazare and published in 1849.  With the leads obtained from this book Lady Queensborough claims Benjamin Goldsmid, his brother Abraham, and their partner Moses Mecatta, and his nephew Sir Moses Montifiore, were Jewish financiers in England who were definitely affiliated with their continental Jewish brethren in the plot to bring about the revolution in France.  Further evidence was found to tie Daniel Itsig of Berlin, and his son-in-law David Friedlander, and Herz Gergbeer of Alsace in with the Rothschilds and the plot.  Thus are revealed the men who at that time constituted the Secret Power behind the WorldRevolutionary Movement.

Knowledge of the methods these men used to manoeuvre the French Government into financial difficulty is of importance, because it set the pattern they followed in America, Russia, Spain and other countries afterwards.

Sir Walter Scott in Vol. two of The Life of Napoleon, gives a clear story of the initial moves.  He then sums up the situation with these words — “These financiers used the Government (French) as bankrupt prodigals are treated by usurious money-lenders who, feeding the extravagance with one hand, with the other wring out of their ruined fortunes the most unreasonable recompenses for their advances.  By a long succession of these ruinous loans, and various rights granted to guarantee them, the whole finances of France were brought to a total confusion”.[9]

After the Government of France was forced into the position of seeking huge loans because of debts incurred in fighting wars to further the secret ambitions of the International Conspirators, they very kindly offered to supply the money providing they could write the terms of the agreement.  On the surface their terms were most lenient.  But again they had placed a nigger in the wood-pile in the person of one M. Necker.  He was to be appointed to the French King’s Council as his Chief Minister of Financial Affairs.  The Jewish financiers pointed out that this financial wizard would pull France out of her monetary troubles in less than no time at all.  What he actually did during the next four years was to involve the French Government so badly with the Jewish financiers that the National Debt increased to £170,000,000.

Captain A.H.M. Ramsay sums up the situation aptly in The Nameless War.  He says :  “Revolution is a blow struck at a paralytic. … When the debt-grip has been firmly established, control of every form of publicity and political activity soon follows, together with a full grip on industrialists, [both management and labour].  The stage is then set for the revolutionary blow.  The grip of the right hand of finance establishes the paralysis;  while the revolutionary left hand that holds the dagger and deals the fatal blow.  Moral corruption facilitates the whole process.”

While Balsamo’s propaganda sheets damned the higher officials of both Church and State, special agents of the Illuminati organized the men who were to be used as leaders in the Reign of Terror planned to accompany the revolutionary effort.  Among these leaders were Robespierre, Danton, and Marat.  To conceal their real purpose, the men who were to release the prisoners and lunatics to create the necessary atmosphere for instituting the preconceived Reign of Terror, met in the Jacobean Convent.  Within the walls of the sacred edifice the details of the bloody plan were worked out.  The lists of reactionaries marked down for liquidation were compiled.  It was explained that while the criminals and lunatics ran wild terrorizing the population by committing mass murders and publicly performing rapes, the organized underground workers, under direction of Manuel, Procurer of the Commune, would round up all the important political figures, heads of the clergy, and military officers known to be loyal to the King.[10]  The men who were to emerge from the Jewish organized underground were formed into Jacobin Clubs.  Under leaders, who were well versed in the duties required of them to direct the “Reign of Terror”, they conducted the mass atrocities so they would serve the purpose of their hidden masters, and move them further towards their ultimate goal.


1 These were the original theories on which Class War was ultimately organized.

2 This statement in the original documents [What original documents?] should convince all but the biased that the speaker was not a Rabbi or Elder of the Jews nor was he addressing Elders and Rabbis because it was the Goldsmiths, the money-lenders and their affiliates in commerce and industry who in 1773 had the wealth of the world in their hands as they have it still in their hands in the 20th Century.

3 The Red Fog explains how this theory has been put into effect in America since 1900.

4 The word “agentur” means the complete organized body of agents … spies, counter-spies, blackmailers, saboteurs, underworld characters, and everything and every body outside the LAW which enables the international conspirators to further their secret plans and ambitions.

5 The word “Goyim” means all others than their own group.  The unimportant people.

6 The “Lexicon of Life” he referred to, was Almighty God’s plan of creation.

7 There were also thirteen tribes of Israel which could have some bearing on the matter of numbers.

8 The same Evil Geniuses used their agents to involve William Pitt in debt and forced him to resign as Prime Minister of England because during the early part of his ministry he obstinately refused to allow England to become involved in wars they planned to further their own secret plans and ambitions.  Pitt had learned a great deal regarding the part the International Money-Barons played in International Affairs when Chancellor of the Exchequer — 1785.

9 Because of his alleged anti-Semitic utterances Sir Walter Scott’s important works consisting of a total of nine volumes dealing with many phases of the French Revolution have been given the silent treatment by those who control the publishing houses as well as the biggest portion of the press.  They are almost unattainable except in Museum Libraries and are never listed with his other works.

10 Sir Walter Scott — “Life of Napoleon”, Vol. 2, P. 30 says “The demand of the Communauté de Paris, now the Sanhedrin of the Jacobin, was of course, for blood.”