1. The word Hispanic comes from the Roman geographic label Hispania now Espana. Hispanics discovered America in 1492 and in a swift manifestation of military arms imposed their power from North to South America. Long before other Europeans Hispanics had established European settlements throughout the Americas. The first of these was San Juan in Puerto Rico in 1521. In the case of the United States, discovery here was initiated by the conqueror of Puerto Rico Juan Ponce de Leon who discovered what he called La Tierra Florida after Easter sunday in 1513. Later in 1565 an Hispanic soldier named Pedro Menendez de Aviles set up a military bastion in Florida which he named San Agustin or St. Augustine now considered the oldest European inhabited settlement in North America although in truth that honor goes to San Juan,Puerto Rico which was founded in 1521.

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